Since 2017, the country has been facing one of the worst drought crises since the 1990s. Rains continue to be rare, and production does not even cover 1% of the country's food needs. The 2021-2022 agro pastoral campaign was characterized by a late start and an early end to the rains throughout the national territory. Overall agricultural production varies from low to nil. As a result, the Government of Cape Verde has declared, on 16 February 2022, the situation of national drought emergency disaster.
Given the adverse conditions linked to the agro-pastoral agricultural campaign, some municipalities in the country are in a situation of acute food insecurity. The results of the Harmonized Framework (March 2022) show a current situation of food insecurity affecting 29,421 people in the phase of crisis (Ph 3), and 1,076 people in the emergency phase (Ph 4), mainly on the island of Santiago (in the municipality of Ribera Grande, which was the only one recorded in phase 3), and a projected situation for this year's lean period (June to August 2022) of 46,093 people in food insecurity (10% of the population) including 43,003 in crisis (Ph 3) and 3,090 in the emergency phase (Ph 4). (IFRC, 26 Apr 2022)