South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2017Ongoing
3.9 million people – nearly one in every three people in South Sudan – were severely food insecure and 3.6 million were considered to be ‘stressed’, in September 2015. An estimated 30,000 people were facing catastrophic food insecurity (IPC Level 5) in Unity State, leading to starvation, death, and destitution. (OCHA, 5 Jan 2016)
At the height of the lean season in July 2016, some 4.8 million people – more than one in every three people in South Sudan – were estimated to be severely food insecure. This number is expected to rise as high as five million in 2017. The food security situation is at the most compromised level since the crisis commenced in 2013 - the combination of conflict, economic crisis and lack of adequate levels of agricultural production have eroded vulnerable households ability to cope. More than one million children under age 5 are estimated to be acutely malnourished, including more than 273,600 who are severely malnourished. (OCHA, 13 Feb 2017)
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions...Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
An estimated 6.01 million (50% of the population) people are expected to be severely food insecure in June-July 2017, compared to 5.5 million (45% of the population) people in May 2017. This is the greatest number of people ever to experience severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3, 4 and 5) in South Sudan. Famine is no longer occurring in Leer and Mayendit counties, and further deterioration was prevented in Koch and Panyijiar counties of former Southern Unity State as a result of immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to the affected population since March 2017...However, in June-July 2017, approximately 45,000 people will still be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe in Leer, Koch, Mayendit in former Unity State and Ayod County in former Jonglei state based on most likely assumptions of continued armed conflict, food shortages associated with seasonality, and humanitarian assistance delivery constraints...Of great concern is former Greater Jonglei State, where food security is rapidly deteriorating, predominantly in the counties of Ayod, Canal/Pigi, Duk, Nyirol and Uror, which are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity, with Ayod having an estimated 20,000 people experiencing Humanitarian Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) at least through July 2017. (IPC, 31 May 2017)
Posted by Brian Adeba
Phase III scale-up in full swing in Northern Bahr el Ghazal
WFP and UNHCR to sign a MOU for cash-based transfers in the Makpandu refugee camp
Lengthy tax exemption processes hamper road deliveries of life-saving nutrition commodities from Kenya and Uganda.
Approximately 189,000 beneficiaries have received life-saving food assistance in Northern Bahr el Ghazal since early August.
Heavy fighting broke out in Juba on 7 July; although a ceasefire has since been declared, the situation remains tense and unpredictable. Fighting has also been reported in other parts of the country.
Efforts to scale up food assistance to populations facing rising food insecurity are ongoing. In Northern Bahr el Ghazal, air drops of food assistance recently commenced.
• Over 1,000 households were visited with hygiene and cholera prevention messages in urban Juba and UN House on 22 August.
• 15,595 children and 3,522 caregivers have been reached with lifesaving messages, including mine risk education, prevention of family separation, appropriate care for children, and cholera prevention since the start of the response.
• School attendance is high in POC3, however, physical space is likely to become a concern as additional families are relocated from Tomping.
• The State Ministry of Health (SMoH) has reported high rates of malnutrition in West Darfur over the past few months.
• Over 200,000 people have been affected by heavy rain and flooding since early June, according to HAC.
• On 20 August, the first group of 105 South Sudanese refugees was relocated from Khor Omer to Kario camp in East Darfur.
• On 17 August, the UN held a press conference in Khartoum to mark World Humanitarian Day.
Spike in severe acute malnutrition admissions in West Darfur
A total of 1,185 IDPs have relocated from the UNMISS base in Tongping to UN House since movements began on 28 July, currently relocations take place on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. The number of IDPs relocating each week is rising, 474 IDPs have relocated in the last 7 days, compared to 381 during the previous 7 days. Cholera remains a key concern at both sites with 129 cumulative cases reported since the start of the outbreak, however case incidence is declining and there have been zero reported deaths.
Drastic food price increases further reduce household food access
USG announces nearly $138 million in additional humanitarian funding for South Sudan
Security situation in Juba remains calm following armed clashes in early July
Humanitarian organizations respond to IDP needs in Juba, Wau
• On World Humanitarian Day, humanitarian community pays tribute to 59 aid workers killed in South Sudan since December 2013.
• Armed clashes and ambushes prevent humanitarians from reaching displaced people in Greater Equatoria.
• Humanitarian organizations strive to meet growing needs as the number of internally displaced people increases in Wau town.
• Intermittent fighting has forced thousands of people to flee their homes in central and southern Unity.
South Sudanese arrivals since 8 July 2016, based on field reports (as of 14 Aug)
Total South Sudanese refugees as of 14 Aug (both pre and post Dec 2013 caseload and new arrivals)
Total South Sudanese expected by 31 December 2016 (RRP Planning Figure)
Refugees in South Sudan
Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in South Sudan
FUNDING (as of 02 August)
Overview on Education in Emergencies (EiE) in Sudan 2016
North and Central Darfur
The gap in education is still very high with some 3,400 school aged children identified as being in need of learning facilities in Sortony, North Darfur following their recent displacement from Jebel Marra. This translates to 68 temporary classrooms alongside teaching and learning related materials. The government approval for construction of these classrooms was granted after advocacy by UNICEF, sector partners and the Ministry of Education.
South Sudan - USAID’s Office of US Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) has contributed an additional USD 17 million to support IOM’s emergency operations across South Sudan, where more than 6.1 million people are in need of humanitarian aid.
With USAID’s support, IOM will continue and expand lifesaving aid operations for more than 605,300 displaced and vulnerable individuals at the UN protection of civilians (PoC) sites in Bentiu and Malakal, as well as in Renk and other high-need locations.
Overwhelmed aid agencies in Uganda are armed with insufficient resources to respond to South Sudanese refugees spilling across the border, after renewed violence pushed over 85,000 people into Uganda’s West Nile region since July.
A total of 242,675
South Sudanese arrivals in Sudan since 15 December 2013.
* This figure does not include a number of South Sudanese living with host communities.
Number of South Sudanese arrivals residing in the eight sites of White Nile State, based on UNHCR individual registration.
Number of South Sudanese arrivals to East Darfur since January 2016.
* As of 14th of August
JUBA, Aug. 21 (Xinhua) -- China has pledged 10 million U.S. dollars aid to help South Sudan respond to humanitarian needs.
Chinese Ambassador to South Sudan Ma Qiang told Xinhua late Saturday the funds will be used to purchase food and non-food items in an effort to immediately rescue lives of thousands in dire humanitarian condition.
Ma said people of South Sudan are at critical humanitarian assistance aggravated by the recent fighting that has forced nearly 1 million people to flee their country to seek refuge in the neighboring countries.
More than 50% of the 240 children identified as missing, separated, or unaccompanied since the start of the Juba crisis have been successfully reunited with their families.
407 cholera cases have been treated at UNICEF-supported Oral Rehydration Points, with 100 cases referred to the Cholera Treatment Centre (CTC) for further treatment.
Schools in UN House are operating normally; 3,016 children (46% girls) attended classes at Hope Primary School on 16 August. However, lack of space remains an issue in Tomping.
1.61 million internally displaced people (OCHA estimates)
751,397 South Sudanese refugees (UNHCR estimates)
169,418 people seeking shelter with the UN (UNMISS estimates)
4.8 million people in emergency or crisis level food insecurity
Inflation rate hits historic high of 661.3% year-on-year
Airdrops out of Ethiopia commence, accelerating the pace of deliveries to Unity and Northern Bahr el Ghazal
• Completeness for weekly reporting was 35% for the nonconflictaffected states and 60% for the IDP sites.
• Malaria is the top cause of morbidity in IDPs and nonconflict-affected areas. A total of 49 (61%) counties countrywide have registered increasing and/or more than expected levels of malaria cases.
• Cholera outbreaks confirmed in four states [Jubek, Terekeka, Jonglei, and East Lakes]. Three suspect cholera alerts are being investigated in Kajo-keji, Nimule, and Fangak.
The country’s unusual open policy gives refugees land, education and a chance to work – but instability in neighbouring nations is putting pressure on resources
When they fled to Kampala from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) in February 2008, Robert Hakiza’s family had food for two months. “The third month was a disaster,” he says. By May, though, his mother and two sisters were out making money. “My sister started selling necklaces,” he says. “At one point, she was keeping the entire family of eight.”