South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2018Ongoing
3.9 million people – nearly one in every three people in South Sudan – were severely food insecure and 3.6 million were considered to be ‘stressed’, in September 2015. An estimated 30,000 people were facing catastrophic food insecurity (IPC Level 5) in Unity State, leading to starvation, death, and destitution. (OCHA, 5 Jan 2016)
At the height of the lean season in July 2016, some 4.8 million people – more than one in every three people in South Sudan – were estimated to be severely food insecure. This number is expected to rise as high as five million in 2017. The food security situation is at the most compromised level since the crisis commenced in 2013 - the combination of conflict, economic crisis and lack of adequate levels of agricultural production have eroded vulnerable households ability to cope. More than one million children under age 5 are estimated to be acutely malnourished, including more than 273,600 who are severely malnourished. (OCHA, 13 Feb 2017)
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions...Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
An estimated 6.01 million (50% of the population) people are expected to be severely food insecure in June-July 2017, compared to 5.5 million (45% of the population) people in May 2017. This is the greatest number of people ever to experience severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3, 4 and 5) in South Sudan. Famine is no longer occurring in Leer and Mayendit counties, and further deterioration was prevented in Koch and Panyijiar counties of former Southern Unity State as a result of immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to the affected population since March 2017...However, in June-July 2017, approximately 45,000 people will still be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe in Leer, Koch, Mayendit in former Unity State and Ayod County in former Jonglei state based on most likely assumptions of continued armed conflict, food shortages associated with seasonality, and humanitarian assistance delivery constraints...Of great concern is former Greater Jonglei State, where food security is rapidly deteriorating, predominantly in the counties of Ayod, Canal/Pigi, Duk, Nyirol and Uror, which are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity, with Ayod having an estimated 20,000 people experiencing Humanitarian Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) at least through July 2017. (IPC, 31 May 2017)
In September 2017, 6 million people were in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5), which corresponded to 56% of the total population. As for October to December 2017, the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) are expected to drop to 4.8 million (45% of the total population. However, this figure includes a doubled number of people classified in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) compared to the same time last year, and 25,000 people still experiencing catastrophic conditions and extreme food gaps. (IPC, 6 Nov 2017)
WFP resumed the integrated rapid response mechanism (IRRM) and currently has seven teams deployed in Bilkey, Nyandit, Kurwai, Jaibor, Chuil, Buot and Ulang, providing life-saving food and nutrition assistance to around 96,633 people, including 17,370 children under the age of five. WFP plans to deploy an additional 26 missions in the coming six weeks, targeting close to 400,000. (WFP, 8 Jan 2018)
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South Sudanese arrivals in 2017, based on field reports as of 31 Jan
Total South Sudanese refugees as of 31 January 2017 (pre and post Dec 2013 caseload and new arrivals)
Refugees in South Sudan
Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in South Sudan, including 223,862 people in UNMISS Protection of Civilians site
The camp population as at 31st January 2017. The figure is inclusive of Kalobeyei population.
Number of South Sudanese new arrivals registered in January 2017.
The population hosted at Kalobeyei Settlement as at 31st January 2017.
The per capita water consumption per person per in Kakuma refugee.
More than one million children in war-torn South Sudan risk starvation, Save the Children is warning, as a famine is declared in the country’s Unity State.
The latest government and Famine Early Warning Systems figures predict that 4.9 million people (nearly half the country’s population) will be in a food crisis across the country, many of them close to famine level, between now and April. This includes at least one million children. That figure is expected to jump to 5.5 million people at the height of the lean season in July.
The National Bureau of Statistics in the government the Republic of South Sudan and IPC SS TWG / all Food Security Stakeholders, announces the results of the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) analysis for January 2017.
The IPC is an evidence-based approach, which uses international standards to classify the nature and magnitude of food insecurity in a country or region. The IPC Analysis in January 2017 indicates that the food security situation across the country has deteriorated compared to same time in previous years.
In 2016, WFP reached a record 4 million people with food and nutrition assistance in South Sudan – the highest number on record since South Sudan’s independence in 2011.
In response to rising urban food insecurity, WFP and World Vision launched an urban poor cash response in Juba through which 42,000 people will receive cash based transfers and skills training.
UNMISS “Protection of Civilians” (PoC) Sites [i]
- As of 16 February 2017, a total of number of civilians seeking safety in six Protection of Civilians (PoC) sites located on UNMISS bases is 223,926 including 120,011 in Bentiu, 33,191 in Malakal, 38,942 in Juba UN House, 1,976 in Bor, 681 in Melut and 200 in Wau, in Western Bahr El Ghazal adjusted area 28,925.
· The drought in the Horn of Africa is generating a humanitarian crisis of alarming proportions. The number of people in crisis and emergency food insecurity levels Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) 3 or above in Somalia (2.9 million), Ethiopia (5.6 million) and Kenya (2.6 million) now stands at over 11 million people.
· Global acute malnutrition (GAM) levels among children aged 6-59 months, pregnant women and nursing mothers remain a serious concern, with levels of over 25 percent GAM being reported in some parts of Somalia and Kenya.
The Executive Director of the World Food Programme (WFP), Ertharin Cousin and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Filippo Grandi, are very concerned that critical shortages in food assistance are affecting some 2 million refugees in 10 countries across Africa.
The shortages could worsen in coming months without new resources to meet food needs.
Populations covered by the assessment are facing high levels of food insecurity, and an estimated 85,000 people are in immediate need of food assistance. Of those, 60,000 are from host families and 25,000 are internally displaced people (IDP);
Most households consume only one meal per day, composed entirely of wild foods;
No market exists in any of the locations where the rapid assessment took place; the nearest market where food is available is two to three-day walk;
The food security situation in South Sudan continues to deteriorate, with 4.9 million (about 42% of population) estimated to be severely food insecure (IPC Phases 3, 4, and 5), from February to April 2017. This is projected to increase to 5.5 million people, (47% of the national population) at the height of the 2017 lean season in July. The magnitude of these food insecure populations is unprecedented across all periods.
UN agencies warn that almost 5 million people urgently need food, agriculture and nutrition assistance
20 February 2017, Juba - War and a collapsing economy have left some 100,000 people facing starvation in parts of South Sudan where famine was declared today, three UN agencies warned. A further 1 million people are classified as being on the brink of famine.
1.85 million internally displaced people (OCHA)
1.5 million South Sudanese refugees (UNHCR) 223,926 seeking shelter with the UN (UNMISS)
4.6 million people projected to require food assistance from January—April 2017 (WFP estimate)
Humanitarian partners appeal for US$1.6 billion to provide lifesaving humanitarian assistance for 5.8 million people in South Sudan this year.
Humanitarian organizations will target some 5.8 million people across South Sudan with humanitarian assistance and protection in 2017.
Displaced people arrive in Kodok and in Aburoc following clashes on the western bank of the River Nile in and around Wau Shilluk.
Displacement, loss of property and violations against civilians reported by people displaced by fighting in parts of Nasir.
In December 2016, year-on-year overall and food inflation rates for South Sudan stood at 479 percent and 517 percent, respectively, indicating a significant increase in the cost of living compared to the same month last year. The month-on-month cost of living based on Consumer Price Indices increased by 23 percent from November to December 2016.
In 2011, Somalia suffered a famine that killed 260,000 people. The famine was declared in July, but most people had already died by May
By Tom Miles
GENEVA, Feb 16 (Reuters) - More than 20 million people - greater than the population of Romania or Florida - risk dying from starvation within six months in four separate famines, U.N. World Food Programme chief economist Arif Husain says.
386 Enrolled for nutritional rehabilitation in January 2017
9,543 Refugees and IDPs received non -food items assistance from UNHCR across South Sudan in January 2017.
7,642 Refugees relocated from Yida to Pamir camp as of 31 January 2017
1,857 Fuel Efficient Stoves (FES) distributed to refugees in January 2017.
• Intense fighting along the west bank of the Nile in Upper Nile has been persistent through the first two weeks of February, resulting in the displacement of the entire population of Wau Shilluk, some 30,000 people. Currently, 16,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) are in Renk, en route to crossing the border into Sudan.
By the end of December 2016, more than 3.2 million people had been forced out of their homes, including more than 1.85 million internally displaced and 1.4 million seeking refuge in countries neighbouring South Sudan.