South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2017Ongoing
3.9 million people – nearly one in every three people in South Sudan – were severely food insecure and 3.6 million were considered to be ‘stressed’, in September 2015. An estimated 30,000 people were facing catastrophic food insecurity (IPC Level 5) in Unity State, leading to starvation, death, and destitution. (OCHA, 5 Jan 2016)
At the height of the lean season in July 2016, some 4.8 million people – more than one in every three people in South Sudan – were estimated to be severely food insecure. This number is expected to rise as high as five million in 2017. The food security situation is at the most compromised level since the crisis commenced in 2013 - the combination of conflict, economic crisis and lack of adequate levels of agricultural production have eroded vulnerable households ability to cope. More than one million children under age 5 are estimated to be acutely malnourished, including more than 273,600 who are severely malnourished. (OCHA, 13 Feb 2017)
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions...Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
An estimated 6.01 million (50% of the population) people are expected to be severely food insecure in June-July 2017, compared to 5.5 million (45% of the population) people in May 2017. This is the greatest number of people ever to experience severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3, 4 and 5) in South Sudan. Famine is no longer occurring in Leer and Mayendit counties, and further deterioration was prevented in Koch and Panyijiar counties of former Southern Unity State as a result of immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to the affected population since March 2017...However, in June-July 2017, approximately 45,000 people will still be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe in Leer, Koch, Mayendit in former Unity State and Ayod County in former Jonglei state based on most likely assumptions of continued armed conflict, food shortages associated with seasonality, and humanitarian assistance delivery constraints...Of great concern is former Greater Jonglei State, where food security is rapidly deteriorating, predominantly in the counties of Ayod, Canal/Pigi, Duk, Nyirol and Uror, which are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity, with Ayod having an estimated 20,000 people experiencing Humanitarian Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) at least through July 2017. (IPC, 31 May 2017)
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1. THE COST OF A PLATE OF FOOD
In September, fighting and insecurity continued to force civilians out of their homes, particularly in Unity and Upper Nile. Many of those had been displaced several times in recent months. In Unity, fighting and insecurity in Koch, Mayendit, and Rubkona counties forced the relocation of aid workers, suspension of food distribution and medical evacuation of civilians. In Upper Nile, fighting in and around Aburoc, on the western bank of the River Nile, on 11 September, reportedly led to civilian deaths, displacement and forced the temporary relocation of aid workers.
Numerous countries in Africa are facing conflict, drought, food shortages and widespread displacement. The UN estimates millions of people are on the verge of starvation in Southern and Eastern Africa.
In September 2017, Australia provided $20 million to support international relief efforts in Somalia and South Sudan. This is in addition to the $19.3 million of humanitarian assistance provided to South Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Nigeria and Kenya in May 2017.
It is often said in the humanitarian field that the success of a response hinges on logistics. If First Responders can’t reach those in greatest need with the right supplies, we fall short on our key mission: to save lives and relieve suffering in the world’s toughest environments. International Medical Corps Roving Logistics Coordinator John Mbusa shares his experiences of working quietly, but efficiently, far from the limelight to fight famine in two conflict-torn countries—Nigeria and South Sudan.
• UN Country Team welcomes the lifting of US economic sanctions against Sudan.
• In West Darfur, over 13,000 return to their home areas in Sirba and Kulbus localities.
• October harvests will maintain or improve acute food insecurity to Minimal or Stressed levels between October 2017 and January 2018 - FEWS NET.
• AWD cases have reached over 35,000—including 800 related deaths.
No. people in need in Sudan (2017 HNO) - 4.8 million
Situation and Needs of Children in South Sudan
UNICEF works in South Sudan with over 137 partners (including both CSO and Govt) to provide nutrition, health, WASH, education and child protection services, with priority to live saving interventions for the population most affected by the humanitarian crisis.
8050 households reached through seed fairs in Yambio in August and September.
Following the completion of post-planting assessments in August, harvest assessments are ongoing throughout the country, and finalized in Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Western Bahr el Ghazal and Warrap.
FAO participated in the International Rabies Day through conducting a vaccination campaign in Protection of Civilian sites in Juba.
After over a year of access constraints, humanitarian partners distributed assistance in Greater Baggari area, Wau County.
Increasing dangers to humanitarian workers and assets in Western Equatoria.
Displacement and relocation of aid workers due to fighting in central Unity.
Fighting in Aburoc temporarily halts response, displaces civilians.
No. of Internally Displaced People 1.88 million
With number of people in need of assistance at a record high more funding will be required
(New York 9 October 2017): Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator Mark Lowcock today announced that the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has reached its 2017 funding target of US$450 million, following an additional commitment of SEK 50 million ($6 million) from Sweden.
The combination of drought, El Niño and conflict has left East Africa struggling to survive. The region is facing a monumental hunger crisis with 24 million people affected in Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and South Sudan. More than 15 million children in the region are facing health risks due to ongoing drought and insecurity. Of them approximately 800,000 are severely malnourished and at risk of starvation. This largely pastoral region has been hit particularly hard by drought which resulted in an immense loss of livestock.
The Global Early Warning – Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
The report is part of FAO’s EWEA system, which aims to translate forecasts and early warnings into anticipatory action.
By Lindah Mogeni
UNITED NATIONS, Oct 4 2017 (IPS) - “Peace is not a one-day affair or event, it requires our collective effort,” said South Sudan’s Vice President, General Taban Deng Gai, while addressing the General Assembly at the UN.
South Sudan, the world’s youngest nation, celebrated its six-year anniversary on July 9 this year, with its president, Salva Kirr, marking 2017 as the ‘Year of Peace and Prosperity.’
Update on global programmes
Executive Committee of the High Commissioner’s Programme
Update on UNHCR’s operations in Africa
A. Situational analysis including new developments
In September, Northern Bahr el Ghazal and Jonglei states experienced flooding as a result of heavy rains. UNICEF together with partners responded to over 20,000 households affected by the flooding in Northern Bahr el Ghazal with provision of supplies, including household water treatment products and water containers. However, the WASH sector continues to face a significant funding gap (54 per cent).
Peter Atkins Professor, Durham University
Just outside of Bentiu town in northern South Sudan, is Biemruok Cattle Camp.
A herd of 2,000 white long-horn cattle grazing in the camp tower majestically over their keepers as young children keep themselves busy milking some of the cows.
Livestock is a valuable commodity in South Sudan. Not only are livestock an integral part of South Sudanese culture but they are also a source of wealth.