South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2019Ongoing
3.9 million people – nearly one in every three people in South Sudan – were severely food insecure and 3.6 million were considered to be ‘stressed’, in September 2015. An estimated 30,000 people were facing catastrophic food insecurity (IPC Level 5) in Unity State, leading to starvation, death, and destitution. (OCHA, 5 Jan 2016)
At the height of the lean season in July 2016, some 4.8 million people – more than one in every three people in South Sudan – were estimated to be severely food insecure. This number is expected to rise as high as five million in 2017. The food security situation is at the most compromised level since the crisis commenced in 2013 - the combination of conflict, economic crisis and lack of adequate levels of agricultural production have eroded vulnerable households ability to cope. More than one million children under age 5 are estimated to be acutely malnourished, including more than 273,600 who are severely malnourished. (OCHA, 13 Feb 2017)
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions...Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
An estimated 6.01 million (50% of the population) people are expected to be severely food insecure in June-July 2017, compared to 5.5 million (45% of the population) people in May 2017. This is the greatest number of people ever to experience severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3, 4 and 5) in South Sudan. Famine is no longer occurring in Leer and Mayendit counties, and further deterioration was prevented in Koch and Panyijiar counties of former Southern Unity State as a result of immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to the affected population since March 2017...However, in June-July 2017, approximately 45,000 people will still be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe in Leer, Koch, Mayendit in former Unity State and Ayod County in former Jonglei state based on most likely assumptions of continued armed conflict, food shortages associated with seasonality, and humanitarian assistance delivery constraints...Of great concern is former Greater Jonglei State, where food security is rapidly deteriorating, predominantly in the counties of Ayod, Canal/Pigi, Duk, Nyirol and Uror, which are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity, with Ayod having an estimated 20,000 people experiencing Humanitarian Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) at least through July 2017. (IPC, 31 May 2017)
In September 2017, 6 million people were in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5), which corresponded to 56% of the total population. As for October to December 2017, the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) are expected to drop to 4.8 million (45% of the total population. However, this figure includes a doubled number of people classified in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) compared to the same time last year, and 25,000 people still experiencing catastrophic conditions and extreme food gaps. (IPC, 6 Nov 2017)
WFP resumed the integrated rapid response mechanism (IRRM) and currently has seven teams deployed in Bilkey, Nyandit, Kurwai, Jaibor, Chuil, Buot and Ulang, providing life-saving food and nutrition assistance to around 96,633 people, including 17,370 children under the age of five. WFP plans to deploy an additional 26 missions in the coming six weeks, targeting close to 400,000. (WFP, 8 Jan 2018)
An estimated 5.3 million people, 48 percent of the population, are currently facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food insecurity, despite the harvest and continued large-scale assistance. (FEWSNET, 22 Mar 2018)
In September 2018, 6.1 million people (59% of the total population) are facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). During the post-harvest period October-December 2018, the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC Phase 3 and above) is expected to reduce to 4.4 million (43% of the total population), out of which 26,000 will be experiencing catastrophic conditions (IPC Phase 5) and extreme food gaps. By January-March 2019, 5.2 million people (49% of the total population) are estimated to continue to face acute food insecurity, with 36,000 people in catastrophic conditions (IPC Phase 5). (IPC, 5 Dec 2018)
In the current analysis period of January 2019, 6.17 million people (54% of the population) are estimated to have faced Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity or worse, out of which 1.36 million people faced Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity and 30,000 faced Catastrophe (IPC phase 5). In the projection period of February to April 2019, and in the presence of Humanitarian Food Assistance (HFA), a total of 6.45 million people (57% of the population) will face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity or worse, with an estimated 45,000 people in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). (IPC, 31 Jan 2019)
Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes persist throughout South Sudan, and some households are likely in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). According to the May IPC analysis, an estimated 6.96 million people are estimated to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse outcomes through the July/August peak of the lean season in the presence of already planned humanitarian assistance. Food security will improve somewhat in late 2019 with the harvest, though Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse outcomes will remain widespread. A risk of Famine (IPC Phase 5) will also persist.(FEWS NET, 27 Jun 2019)
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- WHO: WHO South Sudan Annual Report 2018. 18 Oct 2019
- OCHA: South Sudan: Humanitarian Snapshot (September 2019). 17 Oct 2019
- OCHA: Greater Horn of Africa Region: Humanitarian Snapshot (October 2019). 16 Oct 2019
- ECHO: European Union provides €9.5 million in vital humanitarian support as hunger persists in South Sudan. 8 Oct 2019
- WHO: Saving children from severe acute malnutrition in South Sudan’s Greater Lakes region. 18 Oct 2019
650 involved in agricultural & small business activities
612 beneficiaries supported through cash for work interventions
169 women received conflict mitigation trainings
21 members from agriculture groups trained
Infrastructure development and rehabilitation
475,146 individuals reached by IOM WASH services
135 community hygiene promoters trained outside of PoC sites
2,303 girls and women reached with dignity kits
3,594 households reached with WASH NFIs
190 boreholes rehabilitated or drilled outside of PoC sites
HUMANITARIAN IMPLEMENTATION PLAN (HIP)
HORN OF AFRICA
The full implementation of this version of the HIP is conditional upon the necessary appropriations being made available from the 2019 general budget of the European Union
AMOUNT: EUR 163 000 000
Contact: Danielle Payant email@example.com
Entebbe, Uganda. Air Serv is expanding operations in eastern Africa with the deployment of two aircraft to Sudan and South Sudan. Two Cessna Grand Caravans have departed Entebbe, destined for Juba, South Sudan and Darfur, Sudan respectively. These will be the second and third Air Serv aircraft to be based in the region, joining a plane based in Wau earlier this year.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 72 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
by TONNY MUWANGALA
Seeking shelter from the sweltering sun under the branches of a huge tree, local chiefs pull away from the crowds of people to form a small inner circle, holding hands to signal their commitment to ending six years of intercommunal conflict.
After three difficult years living in a refugee camp in Uganda, Rachele Mindraa has made the decision to return to her native village of Anzara in the Eastern Equatorian region of South Sudan.
Sitting under a tamarind tree in her ancestral homeland of Nimule, Rachele described the challenges she faced in the camp.
“My family and I fled to Uganda during the 2016 conflict. Life there was very hard. Food rations for refugees were not enough, so we decided to come back to our homeland and try to survive,” she said.
UNICEF and partners provided primary health care consultations to 1,051,918 people, including 576,057 women and 404,760 children under 5, through health facilities, IRRM missions, Integrated Community Case Management of Common Childhood Illnesses and outreach activities.
Christian Mission for Development (CMD) and partners, have been able to reach over 228,637, beneficiaries over the last six months with Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), Food Security and livelihood, Nutrition, Health and Education in the locations of Upper Nile, Eastern Equatoria and Jonglei States of South Sudan
For 15 years now, Captain Yor Oraj has been sailing different boats and barges along the lengths, depths and breadths of the world’s longest river, the Nile, delivering much needed supplies for operations and troops, either northwards or southwards.
Getting essential supplies to their destination has always been a herculean task for the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), which employs several modes of transportation, including land, air, and waterways.
For Captain Oraj, his are lifeline missions.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Dire food security situation, with about 7 million people (60 percent of total population) estimated to be severely food insecure
Delayed first season harvests in southern key producing areas due to late onset of seasonal rains affected planting operations
Average to above-average rainfall at start of cropping season in uni-modal central and northern areas befitting crop planting and establishment
Some central and northern lowland cropping areas affected by flooding and waterlogging
CMD operates through five specialized program areas, referred to as Core Competencies. These are Education, Food Security, and Livelihood, Primary Healthcare, Nutrition, and Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH). The core competencies are mutually reinforcing and adaptable to complex displacement situations.
Humanitarian food assistance needs to be higher than normal through September
New York, NY, July 31, 2019 — Severe drought and ongoing violence in East Africa has put 8.7 million people in Somalia and South Sudan at risk of severe food insecurity. The International Rescue Committee (IRC) is calling for early action and increased support to avert famine, especially in South Sudan and Somalia. The failure of the long rains in Somalia and impact of the war in South Sudan have led to massive displacement, limiting agriculture opportunities, increasing food prices and inflation.
• Food Insecurity: In May-July 2019, an estimated 6.96 million people (61% of the population) are likely to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity or worse, out of which an estimated 1.82 million people will face Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity and 21,000 will likely be in Catastrophe (IPC phase 5). This is historically the highest number of people in South Sudan ever to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity or worse.
• Humanitarian needs: An estimated 30 million people across East Africa region are in need of humanitarian assistance. Various crises like conflict, drought, floods, and disease outbreaks and rising cost of fuel and food prices have left them extremely vulnerable.