South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2019Ongoing
3.9 million people – nearly one in every three people in South Sudan – were severely food insecure and 3.6 million were considered to be ‘stressed’, in September 2015. An estimated 30,000 people were facing catastrophic food insecurity (IPC Level 5) in Unity State, leading to starvation, death, and destitution. (OCHA, 5 Jan 2016)
At the height of the lean season in July 2016, some 4.8 million people – more than one in every three people in South Sudan – were estimated to be severely food insecure. This number is expected to rise as high as five million in 2017. The food security situation is at the most compromised level since the crisis commenced in 2013 - the combination of conflict, economic crisis and lack of adequate levels of agricultural production have eroded vulnerable households ability to cope. More than one million children under age 5 are estimated to be acutely malnourished, including more than 273,600 who are severely malnourished. (OCHA, 13 Feb 2017)
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions...Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
An estimated 6.01 million (50% of the population) people are expected to be severely food insecure in June-July 2017, compared to 5.5 million (45% of the population) people in May 2017. This is the greatest number of people ever to experience severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3, 4 and 5) in South Sudan. Famine is no longer occurring in Leer and Mayendit counties, and further deterioration was prevented in Koch and Panyijiar counties of former Southern Unity State as a result of immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to the affected population since March 2017...However, in June-July 2017, approximately 45,000 people will still be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe in Leer, Koch, Mayendit in former Unity State and Ayod County in former Jonglei state based on most likely assumptions of continued armed conflict, food shortages associated with seasonality, and humanitarian assistance delivery constraints...Of great concern is former Greater Jonglei State, where food security is rapidly deteriorating, predominantly in the counties of Ayod, Canal/Pigi, Duk, Nyirol and Uror, which are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity, with Ayod having an estimated 20,000 people experiencing Humanitarian Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) at least through July 2017. (IPC, 31 May 2017)
In September 2017, 6 million people were in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5), which corresponded to 56% of the total population. As for October to December 2017, the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) are expected to drop to 4.8 million (45% of the total population. However, this figure includes a doubled number of people classified in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) compared to the same time last year, and 25,000 people still experiencing catastrophic conditions and extreme food gaps. (IPC, 6 Nov 2017)
WFP resumed the integrated rapid response mechanism (IRRM) and currently has seven teams deployed in Bilkey, Nyandit, Kurwai, Jaibor, Chuil, Buot and Ulang, providing life-saving food and nutrition assistance to around 96,633 people, including 17,370 children under the age of five. WFP plans to deploy an additional 26 missions in the coming six weeks, targeting close to 400,000. (WFP, 8 Jan 2018)
An estimated 5.3 million people, 48 percent of the population, are currently facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food insecurity, despite the harvest and continued large-scale assistance. (FEWSNET, 22 Mar 2018)
In September 2018, 6.1 million people (59% of the total population) are facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). During the post-harvest period October-December 2018, the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC Phase 3 and above) is expected to reduce to 4.4 million (43% of the total population), out of which 26,000 will be experiencing catastrophic conditions (IPC Phase 5) and extreme food gaps. By January-March 2019, 5.2 million people (49% of the total population) are estimated to continue to face acute food insecurity, with 36,000 people in catastrophic conditions (IPC Phase 5). (IPC, 5 Dec 2018)
In the current analysis period of January 2019, 6.17 million people (54% of the population) are estimated to have faced Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity or worse, out of which 1.36 million people faced Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity and 30,000 faced Catastrophe (IPC phase 5). In the projection period of February to April 2019, and in the presence of Humanitarian Food Assistance (HFA), a total of 6.45 million people (57% of the population) will face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity or worse, with an estimated 45,000 people in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). (IPC, 31 Jan 2019)
Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes persist throughout South Sudan, and some households are likely in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). According to the May IPC analysis, an estimated 6.96 million people are estimated to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse outcomes through the July/August peak of the lean season in the presence of already planned humanitarian assistance. Food security will improve somewhat in late 2019 with the harvest, though Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse outcomes will remain widespread. A risk of Famine (IPC Phase 5) will also persist.(FEWS NET, 27 Jun 2019)
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- WHO: WHO South Sudan Annual Report 2018. 18 Oct 2019
- OCHA: South Sudan: Humanitarian Snapshot (September 2019). 17 Oct 2019
- OCHA: Greater Horn of Africa Region: Humanitarian Snapshot (October 2019). 16 Oct 2019
- ECHO: European Union provides €9.5 million in vital humanitarian support as hunger persists in South Sudan. 8 Oct 2019
- WHO: Saving children from severe acute malnutrition in South Sudan’s Greater Lakes region. 18 Oct 2019
Kapoeta, South Sudan - Women humanitarians in South Sudan are not only the frontline workers putting their lives on the line to save others but doing whatever it takes to reach the ‘hard to reach areas.
6.96 million people facing acute food insecurity from May to July 2019 (IPC)
2.1 million acutely malnourished women and children (HRP)
2.7 million people assisted by WFP in June 2019 1.83 million internally displaced people (OCHA)
2.31 million South Sudanese refugees (UNHCR) 202,776 seeking shelter with the UN (UNMISS)
The 19 August is World Humanitarian Day – this year it honours Women Humanitarians
Fighting triggers new displacement in Maiwut,
22,000 internally displaced people from Wau PoC site returned to Wau town and other locations since 2018
Malaria cases increased as rainy season intensified across South Sudan
High-level delegation led by the Humanitarian Coordinator visits Yei to see Ebola preparedness and response efforts
Health actors in South Sudan scale up EVD preparedness efforts near DRC and Uganda borders
Escalated insecurity hinders humanitarian access in Central Equatoria
FEWS NET projects Crisis and Emergency levels of acute food insecurity will persist through January
Hundreds of thousands of people in South Sudan will receive lifesaving food and water thanks to new UK aid
Minister for Africa, Andrew Stephenson announced an extra £18 million of UK aid on his first visit in his new role, which will be given to trusted partners to help vulnerable families in desperate need.
There are currently 7 million people in need of humanitarian assistance and nearly 2 million people on the brink of famine in South Sudan, where food insecurity is at its worst level in the past 8 years.
15,600+ Refugees families received solar lantern in an effort to reduce cases of Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV)
4,000+ Refugees received mosquito nets in Unity
2,800+ Refugees received information on the available services for and various aspects of SGBV
Achievements and Impact
REPORT BY H.E AMB. LT. GEN AUGOSTINO S.K. NJOROGE (Rtd), INTERIM CHAIRPERSON OF RJMEC ON THE STATUS OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE REVITALISED AGREEMENT ON THE RESOLUTION OF THE CONFLICT IN THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH SUDAN FOR THE PERIOD (1st April to 30th June 2019)
August 11, 2019 (JUBA) – A delegation from South Africa visited South Sudan on Thursday and donated food items for the vulnerable households affected by the civil war in the Africa’s youngest nation.
According to the Presidential Press Unit, the team, led by South Africa’s deputy Minister of International Relations and Cooperation, Candith Mashego Dlamini met South Sudan’s Minister for the Presidency, Mayiik Ayii Deng at State House.
Among food items donated to South Sudan were 130,000 units each of Sorghum, beans, cooking oil, and salt for 130,000 households.
South Africa has donated over R100 million worth of humanitarian assistance to the Republic of South Sudan.
International Relations and Cooperation Deputy Minister Candith Mashego-Dlamini officially handed-over the humanitarian assistance in the South Sudanese capital - Juba on Thursday.
“We are here not only to pledge solidarity but to tangibly demonstrate our support through humanitarian assistance.
“This assistance package is valued at over R100 000 000,”said the Deputy Minister.
Juba – The conflict in South Sudan has caused immeasurable suffering. In the past six years, international observers have estimated 400,000 people have died. Today, at least 4.1 million people remain displaced—two million within the country—having fled their homes in search of safety.
Now, South Sudan is showing signs of recovery.
6 grants administered during the reporting period
4 I/NNGOs trained on financial reporting
5 supportive monitoring visits conducted
50 Health and social workers trained in Care for Victims of Trafficking in Juba and Yambio
20 members of the South Sudan National Aliens Committee/National Coordination Mechanism participated in Training on Human Trafficking
10 members of the Integrated Border Management Committee (IBMC) of Nimule border participated in a benchmarking visit
Benchmarking visit to OSBPs in Uganda
427 persons attending protection, GBV and PSEA capacity building - 288 men and 112 women
9 women attending capacity building for targeted protection assistance
3,560 persons reached with GBV awareness messages through dialogues and dramas
271 metric tons of items transported for preposition and response
96% of the total requested items delivered within 15 days
103 pipeline requests honoured and processed
3 Post Distribution Monitoring (PDM) conducted