South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2017Ongoing
3.9 million people – nearly one in every three people in South Sudan – were severely food insecure and 3.6 million were considered to be ‘stressed’, in September 2015. An estimated 30,000 people were facing catastrophic food insecurity (IPC Level 5) in Unity State, leading to starvation, death, and destitution. (OCHA, 5 Jan 2016)
At the height of the lean season in July 2016, some 4.8 million people – more than one in every three people in South Sudan – were estimated to be severely food insecure. This number is expected to rise as high as five million in 2017. The food security situation is at the most compromised level since the crisis commenced in 2013 - the combination of conflict, economic crisis and lack of adequate levels of agricultural production have eroded vulnerable households ability to cope. More than one million children under age 5 are estimated to be acutely malnourished, including more than 273,600 who are severely malnourished. (OCHA, 13 Feb 2017)
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions...Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
An estimated 6.01 million (50% of the population) people are expected to be severely food insecure in June-July 2017, compared to 5.5 million (45% of the population) people in May 2017. This is the greatest number of people ever to experience severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3, 4 and 5) in South Sudan. Famine is no longer occurring in Leer and Mayendit counties, and further deterioration was prevented in Koch and Panyijiar counties of former Southern Unity State as a result of immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to the affected population since March 2017...However, in June-July 2017, approximately 45,000 people will still be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe in Leer, Koch, Mayendit in former Unity State and Ayod County in former Jonglei state based on most likely assumptions of continued armed conflict, food shortages associated with seasonality, and humanitarian assistance delivery constraints...Of great concern is former Greater Jonglei State, where food security is rapidly deteriorating, predominantly in the counties of Ayod, Canal/Pigi, Duk, Nyirol and Uror, which are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity, with Ayod having an estimated 20,000 people experiencing Humanitarian Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) at least through July 2017. (IPC, 31 May 2017)
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South Sudan is in a dire humanitarian crisis. Earlier this year, famine was declared in two counties of Unity state where conflict and mass displacement is prevalent. As anticipated, the humanitarian situation has become alarming today with over 1.9 million people displaced, over 2 million people fleeing to neighboring countries and with over 6 million people food insecure and 7.6 million needing humanitarian assistance.
Officials discuss status of South Sudan’s humanitarian crisis; appeal for support to end the conflict
Juba Gumbo Park
680 individuals were recorded transiting through the FM Point during the reporting period. Among them 360 Ind. (53%) are children under 5 years old (89 ind. – 13% ) and youths between 6 and 17 years (271 ind. – 40%). 413 are women (60%) and 267 men (40%).
Individuals entering South Sudan from Uganda are 171 (25%) and they are all going to Juba. Main reason for movements is “Shortage of Food” (117 ind. – 68%) followed by “To seek education and Health facilities” (33 ind. – 19%)
By DICTA ASIIMWE
The county has been void of humanitarian aid facilities since the April 2017 violence, after which the previously present Christian Development Aid (CDA) left the area.
Children among IDP and host communities are in dire need of education. There are no functioning educational facilities in Chuil.
Inhabitants of Chuil do not have access to health facilities and walk for two days to Lankien to reach health facilities operated by MSF and Oxfam.
$320. When you compare purchasing power globally, that is the average price for a plate of food in South Sudan, according to a calculation of the World Food Program (WFP). Imagine what it would cost a single mother of five to keep her children alive. Then add up a war and a merciless drought and you’ll have an impression of daily reality in South Sudan.
The full implementation of this version of the HIP is conditional upon the necessary appropriations being made available from the 2017 general budget of the European Union.
AMOUNT: EUR 70 000 000
0. MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
First modification as of 20 June 2017
NEW YORK (23 October 2017) – The tragic reality of famine around the world has revealed that many States are failing to uphold their legal responsibilities, the UN Special Rapporteur on the right to food, Hilal Elver, told the UN General Assembly in New York today.
She also called for an urgent shift in thinking away from crisis reactions and toward famine prevention.
Over 900 new arrivals registered in Unity: In Yida refugee settlement, UNHCR registered 915 new arrivals (457F, 458M) including 682 children. Cumulatively, 10,709 new arrivals have been registered in 2017. Last year within the same period, 9,583 new arrivals were registered, which represents 10% increase due to the increased number of children leaving their parents in South Kordofan to pursue education opportunities.
Since the onset of the current phase of the South Sudan conflict in December 2013, nearly 3 million people have been displaced. Two million people have fled to neighbouring countries, and another 1.9 million others remain internally displaced. The ongoing conflict in South Sudan, combined with increasing food insecurity, as well as economic crisis, are contributing to heightened protection risks for children.
Most households in Torit are selling their productive assets, consuming inadequate food and resorting to other negative coping strategies.
Households in Yambio have poor food security and are frequently spending their savings to purchase food, as insecurity has prevented farmers from growing crops. Overall, negative coping strategies are more prevalent in urban areas.
WFP has assisted 4.5 million people since the beginning of the year. This is the highest number of people served by WFP in South Sudan.
Visit of the newly appointed USAID Administrator to South Sudan to witness WFP, UNICEF and IOM projects funded by the United States.
For the first time since the suspension of activities in Baggari area, Western Bahr el Ghazal in April 2017, WFP reached 16,600 people in September.
1.7 million people are facing emergency food insecurity in the country out of which 45,000 people are facing catastrophe or famine in Unity and Jonglei States.
The number of food insecure is expected to rise to 6.0 million during the peak of the lean season.
Fall armyworm crop destruction in Greater Central Equatoria and Greater Bahr El Gazal is likely to impact negatively on harvest prospects for the 2017/2018 agricultural season
UNHCR in 2017 – by the numbers
As of September 2017, UNHCR’s budget is at an historic high of $7.763 billion, which is currently 46% funded
This growth is concurrent with the unabated levels of global displacement, with 67.7 million people of concern to UNHCR worldwide.
The funding gap is widening, now standing at 54%. Based on indications received from donors and analysis of funding trends, UNHCR estimates the gap may reduce to 47% by year’s end.
What is CCCM? The common aim of the CCCM Cluster is to improve living conditions of displaced persons in humanitarian crises. The sector facilitates assistance and strengthens protection of the displaced and works with beneficiaries to attain durable solutions. Camp management is cross-cutting in nature and applies to all types of communal settings, including planned camps, collective centers, self-settled camps, reception or transit centers, and entails building relations with the host community.
This briefing has been been put together by a significant number of international non-governmental organisations (NGOs) under the leadership of Bond’s Humanitarian and Conflict Policy groups. These NGOs are either actively operational in these contexts or working to raise awareness in the UK of the challenges faced by people experiencing humanitarian disasters, conflict and upheaval.
Maize grain as usual was the most traded commodity in the region followed by dry beans, rice and then sorghum. See Figure 1.
Staple commodity prices especially for maize are expected to remain above last year and five year average prices despite near average harvest in the region with spatial pockets of deficit within and between countries because carryover stocks are low, tightening supplies available for trade.