South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2018Ongoing
3.9 million people – nearly one in every three people in South Sudan – were severely food insecure and 3.6 million were considered to be ‘stressed’, in September 2015. An estimated 30,000 people were facing catastrophic food insecurity (IPC Level 5) in Unity State, leading to starvation, death, and destitution. (OCHA, 5 Jan 2016)
At the height of the lean season in July 2016, some 4.8 million people – more than one in every three people in South Sudan – were estimated to be severely food insecure. This number is expected to rise as high as five million in 2017. The food security situation is at the most compromised level since the crisis commenced in 2013 - the combination of conflict, economic crisis and lack of adequate levels of agricultural production have eroded vulnerable households ability to cope. More than one million children under age 5 are estimated to be acutely malnourished, including more than 273,600 who are severely malnourished. (OCHA, 13 Feb 2017)
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions...Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
An estimated 6.01 million (50% of the population) people are expected to be severely food insecure in June-July 2017, compared to 5.5 million (45% of the population) people in May 2017. This is the greatest number of people ever to experience severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3, 4 and 5) in South Sudan. Famine is no longer occurring in Leer and Mayendit counties, and further deterioration was prevented in Koch and Panyijiar counties of former Southern Unity State as a result of immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to the affected population since March 2017...However, in June-July 2017, approximately 45,000 people will still be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe in Leer, Koch, Mayendit in former Unity State and Ayod County in former Jonglei state based on most likely assumptions of continued armed conflict, food shortages associated with seasonality, and humanitarian assistance delivery constraints...Of great concern is former Greater Jonglei State, where food security is rapidly deteriorating, predominantly in the counties of Ayod, Canal/Pigi, Duk, Nyirol and Uror, which are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity, with Ayod having an estimated 20,000 people experiencing Humanitarian Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) at least through July 2017. (IPC, 31 May 2017)
In September 2017, 6 million people were in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5), which corresponded to 56% of the total population. As for October to December 2017, the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) are expected to drop to 4.8 million (45% of the total population. However, this figure includes a doubled number of people classified in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) compared to the same time last year, and 25,000 people still experiencing catastrophic conditions and extreme food gaps. (IPC, 6 Nov 2017)
WFP resumed the integrated rapid response mechanism (IRRM) and currently has seven teams deployed in Bilkey, Nyandit, Kurwai, Jaibor, Chuil, Buot and Ulang, providing life-saving food and nutrition assistance to around 96,633 people, including 17,370 children under the age of five. WFP plans to deploy an additional 26 missions in the coming six weeks, targeting close to 400,000. (WFP, 8 Jan 2018)
An estimated 5.3 million people, 48 percent of the population, are currently facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food insecurity, despite the harvest and continued large-scale assistance. (FEWSNET, 22 Mar 2018)
Extreme food insecurity persists across South Sudan as the lean season progresses, conflict continues to disrupt normal livelihoods, and macroeconomic conditions remain very poor. Of greatest concern in April are Pibor of Jonglei and Kapoeta East of Eastern Equatoria. However, southern and central Unity, northern Jonglei, and Wau County also remain of high concern, and Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity exists in all regions of the country despite ongoing humanitarian assistance. (FEWSNET, 30 Apr 2018)
Based on the September IPC analysis, it is expected that 6.1 million people (59% of the total population) faced Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food insecurity at the peak of the lean season (July – August), of whom 47,000 were in Catastrophe (IPC phase 5) and 1.7 million were in Emergency (IPC Phase 4). Food security has improved slightly with the green harvest in September relative to July and August, and further improvements are expected in the post-harvest period between October and December 2018 when the number of people in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse is most likely to reduce to 4.4 million (43% of the total population), with 26,000 in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). However, an anticipated earlier than normal start of the lean season will result in an estimated 5.2 million (49% of the total population) people in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food insecurity between January and March 2019, with 36,000 in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). These estimates are in the presence of planned humanitarian food assistances. (FEWSNET, 28 Sep 2018)
Food security has continued to improve throughout Somalia since the 2018 Gu. Most northern and central livelihood zones are Stressed (IPC Phase 2), while southern livelihood zones are Minimal (IPC Phase 1) or Stressed (IPC Phase 2). In October, humanitarian assistance continued to prevent worse outcomes in Guban Pastoral and northwestern Northern Inland Pastoral (NIP) livelihood zones, where Crisis! (IPC Phase 3!) and Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes persist, respectively. Northwest Agropastoral and most IDP settlements are also in Crisis (IPC Phase 3). FEWSNET, 31 Oct 2018)
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- Global Humanitarian Overview 2019
- Accessing South Sudan: Humanitarian Aid in a Time of Crisis
- South Sudan: Food insecurity situation still dire and widespread - IPC Alert, Issue 10, September 2018
- USG Humanitarian Assistance to South Sudan Crisis (Last Updated: 12/07/18)
- EU steps up humanitarian support in Sudan
FACTS & FIGURES
6 million people are at crisis or emergency levels of food insecurity
2 million internally displaced people need humanitarian assistance
930 000 refugees, including 760 000 from South Sudan
2.3 million acutely malnourished children (source: UNICEF/MoH, OCHA, Aug. 2018)
EU humanitarian funding: €23 million in 2018
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 55 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
27,700 mt of food and nutrition assistance distributed*
US$ 2.03 m cash-based transfers done*
US$ 566.6m six months (November 2018- April 2019) net funding requirements
2.98 m people assisted *
*in August 2018
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.
12,200+ Refugees and IDPs received material support across South Sudan in September 2018.
6,500+ Children and mothers received food supplements in Unity in September 2018.
14,000+ Children and mothers screened for malnutrition in Upper Nile in September 2018.
Working with Partners in 2018
■ UNHCR works closely with the Government of South Sudan to deliver assistance and protection services to refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs).
Today, 31 October, the government and people of South Sudan celebrated peace and the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS), which was signed on 12 September. By formally ending the civil war that started during December 2013, the R-ARCSS presents an opportunity for South Sudan to overcome its crippling humanitarian crisis and ensure that for the first time in five years its people should no longer have to live in fear of the predations of competing military forces, ethnic militias and other armed groups.
Rainfall expected to increase, signaling the full onset of the October to December seasonal rains
• The onset of the October to December seasonal rains during the first three weeks of October was generally erratic in terms of intensity and spatial and temporal distribution across East Africa.
The start of the Deyr was delayed one to three weeks in Somalia and parts of Ethiopia, most notably in the agropastoral livelihood zones of southern Somalia.
Contribute to raising awareness of fall armyworm (FAW) across South Sudan and establish surveillance and monitoring systems to track the pest’s spread and impact. The project also focused on increasing the resilience of particularly vulnerable households by providing alternative livelihood options, comprising relevant inputs and training.
Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security of South Sudan (MAFS) and the World Food Programme.
18 000 households.
Heavy rains and flooding affect 142,000 people across Sudan
Fuel shortages and access constraints hinder delivery of food assistance
Deteriorating economic conditions lead to acute food insecurity and malnutrition
• Humanitarian needs: At least 28 million people (more than half of them children) are in need of humanitarian assistance. Conflict, disease, acute food shortages, high inflation, and inadequate nutrition have left children and their families extremely vulnerable.
Juba, South Sudan, 24 October 2018 – The Government of the Republic of South Sudan today welcomed a contribution of US$ 43.57 million from the African Development Bank for the implementation of the country’s Short-Term Regional Emergency Response Project (STRERP).
Quarter 3 Accomplishments
During Quarter 3, IOM rapidly scaled up mobile interventions of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) services and gender-based violence (GBV) prevention in remote locations and continued to operate in seven different states of the country. In addition, IOM manages 50 percent of the WASH Core Pipeline in South Sudan, successfully supporting the WASH Cluster and humanitarian partners to maintain a high level of preparedness.
Gender-Based Violence Prevention Mainstreaming
During the reporting period, DTM has released Event Tracking updates and a focus report based on round 2 findings. The team has increased its coverage, accessing 57 counties, 262 payams in nine states for round 3 (up from 46 counties, 225 payams in eight states for round 2). The team is processing collected data for a publication in the forthcoming reporting period.
Transition & Recovery Updates
The Transition and Recovery Unit (TRU) continues to provide opportunities for communities to benefit from peacebuilding and social cohesion initiatives, including expanding livelihood opportunities and essential rehabilitation of interdependent community infrastructure. The peace dividends interventions seek to enhance and nurture positive interaction, and peaceful coexistence among IDPs returnees and host communities.
Third Party Monitoring (TPM)
Border and Migration Management
IOM South Sudan Migration Management Unit (MMU) supports the Government of South Sudan in building capacities on border and migration management through enhancing skills, knowledge and infrastructure, as well as interagency cooperation among border agencies and regional integration and cooperation, particularly with other East African Community (EAC) and Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) member states.
Strengthened Regional Integration and Cooperation
The IOM Migration Health Unit (MHU) provided life-saving medical care and emergency response via seven static clinics and six mobile clinics in the states of Western Bahr el Ghazal, Upper Nile, and Unity. HIV and AIDS prevention activities were conducted in 18 sites across the ten states of South Sudan.
MHU Q3 HIGHLIGHTS
56,151 consultations provided in 7 IOM static clinics in PoC sites and collective centres
17,356 children under 5 years provided with nutritional screenings