South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2017Ongoing
3.9 million people – nearly one in every three people in South Sudan – were severely food insecure and 3.6 million were considered to be ‘stressed’, in September 2015. An estimated 30,000 people were facing catastrophic food insecurity (IPC Level 5) in Unity State, leading to starvation, death, and destitution. (OCHA, 5 Jan 2016)
At the height of the lean season in July 2016, some 4.8 million people – more than one in every three people in South Sudan – were estimated to be severely food insecure. This number is expected to rise as high as five million in 2017. The food security situation is at the most compromised level since the crisis commenced in 2013 - the combination of conflict, economic crisis and lack of adequate levels of agricultural production have eroded vulnerable households ability to cope. More than one million children under age 5 are estimated to be acutely malnourished, including more than 273,600 who are severely malnourished. (OCHA, 13 Feb 2017)
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions...Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
An estimated 6.01 million (50% of the population) people are expected to be severely food insecure in June-July 2017, compared to 5.5 million (45% of the population) people in May 2017. This is the greatest number of people ever to experience severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3, 4 and 5) in South Sudan. Famine is no longer occurring in Leer and Mayendit counties, and further deterioration was prevented in Koch and Panyijiar counties of former Southern Unity State as a result of immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to the affected population since March 2017...However, in June-July 2017, approximately 45,000 people will still be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe in Leer, Koch, Mayendit in former Unity State and Ayod County in former Jonglei state based on most likely assumptions of continued armed conflict, food shortages associated with seasonality, and humanitarian assistance delivery constraints...Of great concern is former Greater Jonglei State, where food security is rapidly deteriorating, predominantly in the counties of Ayod, Canal/Pigi, Duk, Nyirol and Uror, which are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity, with Ayod having an estimated 20,000 people experiencing Humanitarian Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) at least through July 2017. (IPC, 31 May 2017)
Most read (last 30 days)
- South Sudan Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 16 | 27 October 2017
- Sudan: Humanitarian Bulletin | Issue 23 | 9 – 22 October 2017
- Harvest season provides meagre respite to South Sudan’s hunger crisis
- Regional Humanitarian Outlook for the Great Lakes and beyond: October - December 2017
- South Sudan: Humanitarian Snapshot (October 2017)
WHAT is this Analysis Compendium?
This document is part of the Climate Adaptation and Resilience for Food Security: Analysis, Innovations and Standards Series.It provides a compendium of the main findings and lessons learnt from food security climate analyses that have been undertaken by WFP and partners under the Climate Adaptation Management and Innovation Initiative (C-ADAPT).
WHO is this Compendium for?
1,084,674 CHILDREN acutely MALNOURISHED or at RISK OF DEATH and irreversible damage without access to critical nutrition in
KENYA 420,674 acutely malnourished children
SOMALIA 388,000 acutely malnourished children
SOUTH SUDAN 276,000 under 5 at risk of death and irreversible damage without access to critical nutrition
The overall food security, nutrition, WASH, health and education situation was reported to be poor and has deteriorated due to recent conflict and displacements in April 2017. The majority of the local population has returned to their homes and they seem to have developed some resilience. Interventions to support the populations need to build upon this.
“What I want is peace;” those are the words of a South Sudanese primary school teacher in Sopo, a village along the road to Raja in the former Western Bahr Al- Ghazal State
The teacher was talking to a protection patrol commander from a UN Bangladeshi peacekeeping force about the feelings of people in the area which was affected when fighting broke out in April 2016.
Juba Gumbo Park FMP
Demographic data: 733 individuals were recorded transiting Juba Gumbo Flow Monitoring Point (FMP) during the reporting period (up from 680 the previous week). 436 individuals (59%) were children of which 70 were under five years old (10%). 276 individuals were between the ages of 5 and 17 years (38%). The majority of the transiting population were women (429 women making up 59%) while 304 men were recorded transiting Juba Gumbo Park (41%).
Average national aggregate harvest likely, with pockets of well below-average harvests
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.
Wild plants are a critical part of the regular South Sudanese diet and become even more important during the lean season. This paper explores seasonal consumption patterns and recent significant changes in those patterns in Panyijar County, Unity State during the acute food crisis in 2017. It provides information on local preferences and health perceptions of wild foods, and reconsiders the idea that wild food consumption is primarily a coping strategy.
In the last Non-Food Items (NFIs) project, which started on 1 October 2016 and ended in May 2017, Polish Humanitarian Action’s (PAH) emergency response team conducted 10 mobile interventions that made every effort possible to reach 93,412 IDPs through in-kind NFIs distribution. Explaining the mission, PAH’s project coordinator of NFIs/CBI projects, Lumaya Emmanuel, said his emergency response team assisted the most vulnerable host communities and returnees, mostly those who have found life so difficult to live in refugee camps in Uganda and have decided to return to Nimule.
UNHCR starts the process of accession of South Sudan to the 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol: In Juba, UNHCR reinvigorated the process of accession of South Sudan to the 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol. During the roundtable attended by 30 members of the South Sudan Transition National Legislative Assembly (TNLA), the Minister of Humanitarian Affairs and Disaster Management Hon Hussein Mar Nyuot urged parliamentarians to accelerate the ratification of this key international document.
• AWD cases in Sudan have come down during the past weeks, however, response must continue until no cases are reported for three consecutive weeks nationwide.
• An estimated 185,000 South Sudanese refugees have arrived in Sudan in 2017.
• WFP distributed food to 66,200 people in need of assistance in Golo town.
• WHO provided medicine to Golo hospital to cover health needs in the Jebel Marra area for three months.
• More model villages will be built in Darfur in 2018 with funding from Saudi Arabia.
International prices of wheat increased in September mostly because of weather-related concerns, while maize quotations fell further on crop harvest pressure. International rice prices remained generally firm, supported by seasonally tight availabilities of fragrant rice and strong demand for higher quality Indica supplies.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
After some early dry spells, cumulative aboveaverage rains from August to October triggered floods, but lifted crop production prospects
About 100 000 people estimated to be affected by floods in White Nile, South Darfur, North Kordofan,
Al Gezira, Sennar, West Darfur and Kassala states
Prices of cereals increased in recent months, with seasonal factors compounded by flood-induced market disruptions
(MissionNewswire) Salesian missionaries are providing five chapels and working to set up a nursery and primary school in the Palabek Refugee Camp in northern Uganda. The refugee camp is currently hosting 34,000 South Sudanese refugees. The camp was officially set up in April 2016 to reduce congestion in larger refugee camps in the north-western corner of Uganda. Uganda hosts close to 1.3 million refugees within its boundaries.
2,096,139* Total South Sudanese refugees in the region as of 30 Sept (pre and post Dec 2013 caseload)
637,455* South Sudanese refugee arrivals in 2017, based on field reports as of 30 September
279,160 Refugees in South Sudan and 1.87 million IDPs as of 30 September
• Kala-azar has killed at least 52 people and sickened 2,447 so far in 2017.
• Depreciation of the local currency, rising cereal prices and shortages of imported commodities in local markets are affecting the food security and increasing vulnerability.
• Humanitarian organizations continue to experience difficulties accessing many locations in Greater Equatoria region affected by insecurity and conflict.