South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2017Ongoing
3.9 million people – nearly one in every three people in South Sudan – were severely food insecure and 3.6 million were considered to be ‘stressed’, in September 2015. An estimated 30,000 people were facing catastrophic food insecurity (IPC Level 5) in Unity State, leading to starvation, death, and destitution. (OCHA, 5 Jan 2016)
At the height of the lean season in July 2016, some 4.8 million people – more than one in every three people in South Sudan – were estimated to be severely food insecure. This number is expected to rise as high as five million in 2017. The food security situation is at the most compromised level since the crisis commenced in 2013 - the combination of conflict, economic crisis and lack of adequate levels of agricultural production have eroded vulnerable households ability to cope. More than one million children under age 5 are estimated to be acutely malnourished, including more than 273,600 who are severely malnourished. (OCHA, 13 Feb 2017)
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions...Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
An estimated 6.01 million (50% of the population) people are expected to be severely food insecure in June-July 2017, compared to 5.5 million (45% of the population) people in May 2017. This is the greatest number of people ever to experience severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3, 4 and 5) in South Sudan. Famine is no longer occurring in Leer and Mayendit counties, and further deterioration was prevented in Koch and Panyijiar counties of former Southern Unity State as a result of immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to the affected population since March 2017...However, in June-July 2017, approximately 45,000 people will still be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe in Leer, Koch, Mayendit in former Unity State and Ayod County in former Jonglei state based on most likely assumptions of continued armed conflict, food shortages associated with seasonality, and humanitarian assistance delivery constraints...Of great concern is former Greater Jonglei State, where food security is rapidly deteriorating, predominantly in the counties of Ayod, Canal/Pigi, Duk, Nyirol and Uror, which are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity, with Ayod having an estimated 20,000 people experiencing Humanitarian Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) at least through July 2017. (IPC, 31 May 2017)
Most read (last 30 days)
- South Sudan Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 16 | 27 October 2017
- Sudan: Humanitarian Bulletin | Issue 23 | 9 – 22 October 2017
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- South Sudan: Humanitarian Snapshot (October 2017)
The benchmark US wheat price declined in October mostly because of higher supply prospects while maize quotations firmed due to rain-induced harvest delays. International rice prices strengthened in October, mainly reflecting seasonally tight Japonica and fragrant supplies.
Deyr rains performed poorly in October in southern Somalia, with increases in early November
The onset of the Deyr (October to December) season was significantly delayed over parts of southern and central Somalia by 20-30 days. Rainfall totals in October were less than 50 percent of average, following by increases in rainfall during the first 10 days of November. Seasonal performance has been better in neighboring areas Ethiopia, where rainfall has been average to above average.
In September, more than 1,000 newly arrived South Sudanese refugees were biometrically registered in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC); all of them at Meri and Biringi refugee sites.
UNHCR increased its support for school fees, uniforms and school supplies and covers the expenses for over 6,000 primary school-aged refugee children and 800 children from the local communities.
Almost 10,000 families received their monthly cash grants at Meri and Biringi sites, allowing them to purchase goods according to their own needs and priorities.
The October - December 2017 IPC Analysis for Sudan classified 18 states and 179 localities.
50 localities (62% of the total population) were classified in IPC Phase 1 (Minimal), given the acceptable levels of food consumption for most of the pupulations, availability of food for the diversity of sources of income, diversification of food sources and stability in livelihoods.
With more than 20 million people in North-East Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen facing or at risk of famine, US$379 million in coordinated allocations from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) and Country-Based Pooled Funds (CBPFs) were critical to the scale up of humanitarian action in those countries in the first half of 2017.
Despite having entered the harvest season, there are still some 4.8 million people food insecure in South Sudan. This represents a 1.4 million increase compared with the same time period last year, an indication of a worsening food security situation for 2018.
Some households in Wau and Ayod counties are experiencing Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). GAM rates of more than 30% were identified in several areas of Western Bahr el Ghazal.
Juba Gumbo Park FMP
Demographic data: 1,414 individuals were recorded transiting Juba Gumbo Flow Monitoring Point (FMP) during the reporting period (up from 733 the previous week). 717 individuals (51%) were children of which 184 were under five years old (13%). 533 individuals were between the ages of 5 and 17 years (38%). The majority of the transiting population were women (825 women making up 58%) while 589 men were recorded transiting Juba Gumbo Park (42%).
USUN Ambassador visits Juba, meets with key stakeholders, advocates for peace
WFP reaches 4.6 million people with food assistance to date in 2017
IPC Technical Working Group reports Famine risks will persist during 2018
Early each morning, medical teams from ALIMA (The Alliance for International Medical Action) load up a small truck with lifesaving medications and supplies, and drive as long as two hours into remote communities in South Sudan’s Aweil State, to provide primary health care to local populations. The biggest concern at the moment: malaria.
By Thin Lei Win | @thinink | Thomson Reuters Foundation
More than 1.1 mln children under five children are forecast to be malnourished in 2018 including nearly 300,000 "at a heightened risk of death"
ROME, Nov 6 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Harvest season is bringing little relief to millions of hungry people in South Sudan as conflict and hyperinflation have pushed malnutrition to critical levels that could put many lives at risk, food security experts warned on Monday.
This Christmas, for every pound the public give to the Christian Aid Christmas Appeal to support people living in poverty, the UK Government will also give a pound. That’s double the support for families struggling to feed themselves in South Sudan, meaning even more mothers and infants under-five in South Sudan will be saved from the life-threatening effects of malnutrition.
In response to the latest Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) update on South Sudan's food security situation, Oxfam’s Country Director in South Sudan Ranjan Poudyal said:
"4.8 million people in South Sudan are facing severe hunger in the middle of the harvest season. This is an ominous sign of a food crisis fast spiralling out of control and urgent action is needed. That is almost 1.5 million people more than the same time last year. By 2018, 300,000 more people will be severely hungry - unless planned assistance is further strengthened.’’
An estimated 36.5 million people are facing crisis-level food insecurity and above (IPC Phase 3+) and need humanitarian assistance. This is a 18% increase compared to 30.9 million people one year ago. The main drivers include: repeated episodes of drought across the region; conflicts and insecurity; high staple food prices; and high refugee/IDPs movement across the region. The main areas of concern are: South Sudan; Burundi; southeastern Ethiopia; pastoral areas of Kenya, and parts of Somalia and DRC.
Malnutrition rates soar especially among children, lean season forecast to start early
The food security situation continues to be hampered and deteriorating due to prolonged conflict, displacement, humanitarian access constraints, climatic shocks and macro-economic instability.
How Many & When
South Sudan: Current (Sept. 2017) and Projected (Oct.-Dec.2017; Jan.-March 2018) Acute Food Insecurity
01/09/2017 - 31/03/2018
The nutrition situation in South Sudan remains critical. At a time when the harvest season should be at its peak, estimates are that about six million people are severely food insecure. The zones of severe food insecurity continue to increase throughout the country with potential for marked deterioration in 2018.