South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2019Ongoing
3.9 million people – nearly one in every three people in South Sudan – were severely food insecure and 3.6 million were considered to be ‘stressed’, in September 2015. An estimated 30,000 people were facing catastrophic food insecurity (IPC Level 5) in Unity State, leading to starvation, death, and destitution. (OCHA, 5 Jan 2016)
At the height of the lean season in July 2016, some 4.8 million people – more than one in every three people in South Sudan – were estimated to be severely food insecure. This number is expected to rise as high as five million in 2017. The food security situation is at the most compromised level since the crisis commenced in 2013 - the combination of conflict, economic crisis and lack of adequate levels of agricultural production have eroded vulnerable households ability to cope. More than one million children under age 5 are estimated to be acutely malnourished, including more than 273,600 who are severely malnourished. (OCHA, 13 Feb 2017)
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions...Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
An estimated 6.01 million (50% of the population) people are expected to be severely food insecure in June-July 2017, compared to 5.5 million (45% of the population) people in May 2017. This is the greatest number of people ever to experience severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3, 4 and 5) in South Sudan. Famine is no longer occurring in Leer and Mayendit counties, and further deterioration was prevented in Koch and Panyijiar counties of former Southern Unity State as a result of immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to the affected population since March 2017...However, in June-July 2017, approximately 45,000 people will still be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe in Leer, Koch, Mayendit in former Unity State and Ayod County in former Jonglei state based on most likely assumptions of continued armed conflict, food shortages associated with seasonality, and humanitarian assistance delivery constraints...Of great concern is former Greater Jonglei State, where food security is rapidly deteriorating, predominantly in the counties of Ayod, Canal/Pigi, Duk, Nyirol and Uror, which are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity, with Ayod having an estimated 20,000 people experiencing Humanitarian Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) at least through July 2017. (IPC, 31 May 2017)
In September 2017, 6 million people were in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5), which corresponded to 56% of the total population. As for October to December 2017, the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) are expected to drop to 4.8 million (45% of the total population. However, this figure includes a doubled number of people classified in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) compared to the same time last year, and 25,000 people still experiencing catastrophic conditions and extreme food gaps. (IPC, 6 Nov 2017)
WFP resumed the integrated rapid response mechanism (IRRM) and currently has seven teams deployed in Bilkey, Nyandit, Kurwai, Jaibor, Chuil, Buot and Ulang, providing life-saving food and nutrition assistance to around 96,633 people, including 17,370 children under the age of five. WFP plans to deploy an additional 26 missions in the coming six weeks, targeting close to 400,000. (WFP, 8 Jan 2018)
An estimated 5.3 million people, 48 percent of the population, are currently facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food insecurity, despite the harvest and continued large-scale assistance. (FEWSNET, 22 Mar 2018)
In September 2018, 6.1 million people (59% of the total population) are facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). During the post-harvest period October-December 2018, the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC Phase 3 and above) is expected to reduce to 4.4 million (43% of the total population), out of which 26,000 will be experiencing catastrophic conditions (IPC Phase 5) and extreme food gaps. By January-March 2019, 5.2 million people (49% of the total population) are estimated to continue to face acute food insecurity, with 36,000 people in catastrophic conditions (IPC Phase 5). (IPC, 5 Dec 2018)
In the current analysis period of January 2019, 6.17 million people (54% of the population) are estimated to have faced Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity or worse, out of which 1.36 million people faced Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity and 30,000 faced Catastrophe (IPC phase 5). In the projection period of February to April 2019, and in the presence of Humanitarian Food Assistance (HFA), a total of 6.45 million people (57% of the population) will face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity or worse, with an estimated 45,000 people in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). (IPC, 31 Jan 2019)
Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes persist throughout South Sudan, and some households are likely in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). According to the May IPC analysis, an estimated 6.96 million people are estimated to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse outcomes through the July/August peak of the lean season in the presence of already planned humanitarian assistance. Food security will improve somewhat in late 2019 with the harvest, though Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse outcomes will remain widespread. A risk of Famine (IPC Phase 5) will also persist.(FEWS NET, 27 Jun 2019)
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- WHO: WHO South Sudan Annual Report 2018. 18 Oct 2019
- OCHA: South Sudan: Humanitarian Snapshot (September 2019). 17 Oct 2019
- OCHA: Greater Horn of Africa Region: Humanitarian Snapshot (October 2019). 16 Oct 2019
- ECHO: European Union provides €9.5 million in vital humanitarian support as hunger persists in South Sudan. 8 Oct 2019
- WHO: Saving children from severe acute malnutrition in South Sudan’s Greater Lakes region. 18 Oct 2019
- Smallholders’ marketing choices in Rwanda and Burkina Faso pgs. 1-3
- Rome-Based Agency Collaboration in Zambia pgs. 3-4
- South Sudanese Farmers Progress Despite Conflict pg. 5
- Innovative Initiatives To Achieve Zero Hunger pgs. 6-7
- News, updates and contacts pg. 8
FAO’s latest forecasts for global supply and demand of cereals continue to point to a generally comfortable 2015/16 marketing season, with world inventories by the close of seasons in 2016 expected to fall only slightly below their record opening levels.
Conflict continues to be one of the principal drivers of food insecurity in the region. More than 4.8 million people have been displaced by the conflicts Yemen, South Sudan, and Burundi, while others who remain in areas directly impacted by conflict have limited access to their livelihoods and humanitarian assistance. In eastern Ethiopia, El Niño-related dryness has led to a severe drought in many areas, which is expected to contribute to a large-scale food security Emergency in 2016.
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing usersto compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.
Christian Aid is deeply concerned at the deteriorating humanitarian and security situation in Western Equatoria, South Sudan, in which one of its long-term partners, Mundri Relief & Development Association (MRDA) has been attacked.
The agency’s training centre and guesthouse in Mundri County were looted last week with virtually everything removed, including beds, solar panels and records.
Staff members fled into hiding in the bush and although all have now been accounted for, it’s not known when it will be safe enough to reopen the centre.
Emergency (IPC Phase 4) persists in Greater Upper Nile
The monthly influx of internally displaced persons (IDPs) into the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) protection of civilians (PoC) site in Bentiu, the capital of Unity State, showed an increasing trend over the last three weeks. The increase is related to food shortages and sporadic clashes between Government and opposition forces that led to the withdrawal of humanitarian partners from different areas of the state.
• In efforts to combat malnutrition in the country, the Government of Sudan joins the Scaling up Nutrition movement.
• In East Darfur, 13,200 displaced people return to Labado village.
• In Central Darfur, 24,000 Sudanese nationals return to Um Dukhun locality from Chad.
• In Darfur, 469 suspected cases of viral haemorrhagic fever (VHF)—including 120 deaths—have been reported in 27 localities.
• Over 198,314 South Sudanese refugees have arrived in Sudan since midDecember 2013.
Update on Achievements
IGAD summit postponed: the regional peace summit of East African heads of state and Governments originally intended for early November and postponed until 23 November has been further put on hold, due to competing priorities in the concerned states, including the visit of the Pope to the region.
UK will help South Sudan avoid a famine as conflict, droughts and poor harvests have created one of the world’s worst humanitarian crises.
The UK will provide new support to help South Sudan avoid a famine as conflict, droughts and poor harvests have created one of the world’s worst humanitarian crises, International Development Minister Grant Shapps has announced.
Internally displaced persons (IDPs) continued to arrive at the UN Mission in South Sudan’s protection of civilians (PoC) site in Bentiu, the capital of Unity State at the same pace as the week before though marked variation was noted in their places of origin.
While the key push factor continued to be food insecurity, the recent fighting in the southern part of Rubkona County also contributed to the change in trend.
In many parts of South Sudan, during the wet season, grass growth is rapid, creating extra feed for livestock herds. However this is not the case in the dry season and which usually leads to seasonal migration and long distant movements in search of grazing resources. These coping strategies are no longer a solution for Maban’s agro-pastoral community in Upper Nile State, South Sudan, due to environmental changes and protracted socioeconomic unrest in the country.
Western Equatoria state is experiencing one of its worst crop harvests in recent history. The State Minister Agriculture, Joseph Natale Sabuni said the state is experiencing what he calls a ‘drastic drop’ in agricultural production this year.
“During the first planting season there was steady rainfall, but in June we had a relative dry spell. The situation became worse when we started having rampant insecurity. “
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
In June and July (2015) Alies Rijper carried out a qualitative research in Lubero, North Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo, to evaluate the effects of the mutual reinforcement approach adopted by the Dutch Consortium for Rehabilitation (DCR) and its local partners in the Pamoja-programme.
Influx of internally displaced persons (IDPs) at the UN Mission in South Sudan’s protection of civilians (PoC) site in Bentiu, the capital of Unity State continued albeit was marginally lower as compared to the previous week.
A total of 2,011 individuals arrived at the PoC between 24 to 30 October 2015, a slight drop from the 2,273 new IDPs that had come in the week before, taking the overall population of the PoC to 121,340 individuals or 31,871 Households.
The monthly influx of internally displaced persons (IDPs) at the United Nations Mission in South Sudan’s Protection of Civilians (PoC) site in Bentiu, the capital of Unity State, has been showing an increasing trend over the last three weeks even as reported sporadic clashes between the Government and the rebel forces resulted in food shortage and withdrawal of humanitarian partners from different areas of Unity State.
MoS Sean Sherlock, Minister Charles Flanagan, Irish Aid, Press Releases, Ireland, 2015,
Minister for Foreign Affairs & Trade, Mr. Charlie Flanagan T.D, & Minister of State for Development, Trade Promotion and North South Co-operation, Mr. Seán Sherlock, T.D., Announce Additional €3 million Humanitarian Assistance Funding for South Sudan, Nigeria and Burundi.