South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2018Ongoing
3.9 million people – nearly one in every three people in South Sudan – were severely food insecure and 3.6 million were considered to be ‘stressed’, in September 2015. An estimated 30,000 people were facing catastrophic food insecurity (IPC Level 5) in Unity State, leading to starvation, death, and destitution. (OCHA, 5 Jan 2016)
At the height of the lean season in July 2016, some 4.8 million people – more than one in every three people in South Sudan – were estimated to be severely food insecure. This number is expected to rise as high as five million in 2017. The food security situation is at the most compromised level since the crisis commenced in 2013 - the combination of conflict, economic crisis and lack of adequate levels of agricultural production have eroded vulnerable households ability to cope. More than one million children under age 5 are estimated to be acutely malnourished, including more than 273,600 who are severely malnourished. (OCHA, 13 Feb 2017)
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions...Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
An estimated 6.01 million (50% of the population) people are expected to be severely food insecure in June-July 2017, compared to 5.5 million (45% of the population) people in May 2017. This is the greatest number of people ever to experience severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3, 4 and 5) in South Sudan. Famine is no longer occurring in Leer and Mayendit counties, and further deterioration was prevented in Koch and Panyijiar counties of former Southern Unity State as a result of immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to the affected population since March 2017...However, in June-July 2017, approximately 45,000 people will still be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe in Leer, Koch, Mayendit in former Unity State and Ayod County in former Jonglei state based on most likely assumptions of continued armed conflict, food shortages associated with seasonality, and humanitarian assistance delivery constraints...Of great concern is former Greater Jonglei State, where food security is rapidly deteriorating, predominantly in the counties of Ayod, Canal/Pigi, Duk, Nyirol and Uror, which are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity, with Ayod having an estimated 20,000 people experiencing Humanitarian Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) at least through July 2017. (IPC, 31 May 2017)
In September 2017, 6 million people were in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5), which corresponded to 56% of the total population. As for October to December 2017, the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) are expected to drop to 4.8 million (45% of the total population. However, this figure includes a doubled number of people classified in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) compared to the same time last year, and 25,000 people still experiencing catastrophic conditions and extreme food gaps. (IPC, 6 Nov 2017)
WFP resumed the integrated rapid response mechanism (IRRM) and currently has seven teams deployed in Bilkey, Nyandit, Kurwai, Jaibor, Chuil, Buot and Ulang, providing life-saving food and nutrition assistance to around 96,633 people, including 17,370 children under the age of five. WFP plans to deploy an additional 26 missions in the coming six weeks, targeting close to 400,000. (WFP, 8 Jan 2018)
An estimated 5.3 million people, 48 percent of the population, are currently facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food insecurity, despite the harvest and continued large-scale assistance. (FEWSNET, 22 Mar 2018)
Extreme food insecurity persists across South Sudan as the lean season progresses, conflict continues to disrupt normal livelihoods, and macroeconomic conditions remain very poor. Of greatest concern in April are Pibor of Jonglei and Kapoeta East of Eastern Equatoria. However, southern and central Unity, northern Jonglei, and Wau County also remain of high concern, and Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity exists in all regions of the country despite ongoing humanitarian assistance. (FEWSNET, 30 Apr 2018)
Based on the September IPC analysis, it is expected that 6.1 million people (59% of the total population) faced Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food insecurity at the peak of the lean season (July – August), of whom 47,000 were in Catastrophe (IPC phase 5) and 1.7 million were in Emergency (IPC Phase 4). Food security has improved slightly with the green harvest in September relative to July and August, and further improvements are expected in the post-harvest period between October and December 2018 when the number of people in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse is most likely to reduce to 4.4 million (43% of the total population), with 26,000 in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). However, an anticipated earlier than normal start of the lean season will result in an estimated 5.2 million (49% of the total population) people in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food insecurity between January and March 2019, with 36,000 in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). These estimates are in the presence of planned humanitarian food assistances. (FEWSNET, 28 Sep 2018)
Food security has continued to improve throughout Somalia since the 2018 Gu. Most northern and central livelihood zones are Stressed (IPC Phase 2), while southern livelihood zones are Minimal (IPC Phase 1) or Stressed (IPC Phase 2). In October, humanitarian assistance continued to prevent worse outcomes in Guban Pastoral and northwestern Northern Inland Pastoral (NIP) livelihood zones, where Crisis! (IPC Phase 3!) and Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes persist, respectively. Northwest Agropastoral and most IDP settlements are also in Crisis (IPC Phase 3). FEWSNET, 31 Oct 2018)
Maps & Infographics
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Influx of internally displaced persons (IDPs) at the UN Mission in South Sudan’s protection of civilians (PoC) site in Bentiu, the capital of Unity State continued albeit was marginally lower as compared to the previous week.
A total of 2,011 individuals arrived at the PoC between 24 to 30 October 2015, a slight drop from the 2,273 new IDPs that had come in the week before, taking the overall population of the PoC to 121,340 individuals or 31,871 Households.
The monthly influx of internally displaced persons (IDPs) at the United Nations Mission in South Sudan’s Protection of Civilians (PoC) site in Bentiu, the capital of Unity State, has been showing an increasing trend over the last three weeks even as reported sporadic clashes between the Government and the rebel forces resulted in food shortage and withdrawal of humanitarian partners from different areas of Unity State.
MoS Sean Sherlock, Minister Charles Flanagan, Irish Aid, Press Releases, Ireland, 2015,
Minister for Foreign Affairs & Trade, Mr. Charlie Flanagan T.D, & Minister of State for Development, Trade Promotion and North South Co-operation, Mr. Seán Sherlock, T.D., Announce Additional €3 million Humanitarian Assistance Funding for South Sudan, Nigeria and Burundi.
A nominal decrease was noted in the weekly influx rate of internally displaced persons (IDPs) at the UN Mission in South Sudan’s protection of civilians (PoC) site in Bentiu, the capital of Unity State, even as a sharp increase was recorded in the percentage of new arrivals seeking food.
September 28, 2015 (BOR) - Hundreds of farmers in South Sudan’s Jonglei state have started harvesting, despite the three-month drought that had threatened crop production.
Paul Angeth, a farmer who owns a seven fedan farm, partitioned it for crops such as maize, sorghum and groundnuts, with the largest part of his farm allocated for sorghum.
A commercial farmer, Angeth is currently the leading seed multiplier in Bor, supplying other farmers with good qualify seeds of different varieties at affordable prices.
An upward trend was noted in the weekly rate of influx of internally displaced persons (IDPs) at the UN Mission in South Sudan’s protection of civilians (PoC) site in Bentiu, the capital of Unity State.
A total of 1,203 individuals arrived at the PoC between 19 to 26 September 2015, a 10 per cent increase from the 1,095 new IDPs that had come in the week before, taking the overall population of the PoC to 119,038 individuals or 30,738 households. As has been the trend, 59 per cent of the new arrivals were women.
• The growing season of 2015 in South Sudan started well due to early favourable rainfall, with earlier than average or timely planting across most of Western Equatoria, Greater Bahr-el-Ghazal, northern areas and Upper Nile. In Central Equatoria and some eastern areas of the country, moderate delays were noticed, but without much consequence.
The August 2015 FSNWG update reports indicate that approximately 19.2 million people in the Greater Horn of Africa are facing crisis and emergency food insecurity and are in urgent need of assistance.
High food prices and conflict in South Sudan and Yemen leading to continued Emergency
The evolving El Niño, which currently has a probability of occurrence at above 90% and is likely to be the worst in 30 years, will exacerbate the current food and nutrition security situation. Parts of Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Somalia and Kenya are expected to experience severe flooding while other parts of the region will experience drought conditions.
August 12, 2015 (JUBA) – At least six people starved to death as a result of lack of food in a remote part of South Sudan’s Eastern Equatoria state, officials said on Wednesday.
The state has been hit by drought following prolong period of insufficient amounts of rainfall that resulted into crop failure. Budi county is the worst affected, officials said.
July 20, 2015 (JUBA) – Thousands of people in South Sudan’s Eastern Equatoria state are likely to face severe hunger due to lack of rainfall and unexpected crop failure, an official told Sudan Tribune Monday.
The state minister for agriculture, Clement Chichim, disclosed that the greater Kapeota counties were the worst-affected regions. Greater Kapeota consists of Kapoeta North, Kapoeta East, Kapoeta South and Budi counties.
Chichim said other Eastern Equatoria counties of Magwi, Lafon, Ikotos and Torit also experienced rainfall shortage.
Full summary: This report is based on qualitative fieldwork conducted in Uror and Nyirol Counties, Jonglei State, South Sudan and a household survey conducted by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and SLRC in 2012. Together these studies comprise a baseline analysis of livelihoods, access to social services and people’s perceptions of participation and governance.
The report finds: