South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2017Ongoing
3.9 million people – nearly one in every three people in South Sudan – were severely food insecure and 3.6 million were considered to be ‘stressed’, in September 2015. An estimated 30,000 people were facing catastrophic food insecurity (IPC Level 5) in Unity State, leading to starvation, death, and destitution. (OCHA, 5 Jan 2016)
At the height of the lean season in July 2016, some 4.8 million people – more than one in every three people in South Sudan – were estimated to be severely food insecure. This number is expected to rise as high as five million in 2017. The food security situation is at the most compromised level since the crisis commenced in 2013 - the combination of conflict, economic crisis and lack of adequate levels of agricultural production have eroded vulnerable households ability to cope. More than one million children under age 5 are estimated to be acutely malnourished, including more than 273,600 who are severely malnourished. (OCHA, 13 Feb 2017)
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions...Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
An estimated 6.01 million (50% of the population) people are expected to be severely food insecure in June-July 2017, compared to 5.5 million (45% of the population) people in May 2017. This is the greatest number of people ever to experience severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3, 4 and 5) in South Sudan. Famine is no longer occurring in Leer and Mayendit counties, and further deterioration was prevented in Koch and Panyijiar counties of former Southern Unity State as a result of immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to the affected population since March 2017...However, in June-July 2017, approximately 45,000 people will still be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe in Leer, Koch, Mayendit in former Unity State and Ayod County in former Jonglei state based on most likely assumptions of continued armed conflict, food shortages associated with seasonality, and humanitarian assistance delivery constraints...Of great concern is former Greater Jonglei State, where food security is rapidly deteriorating, predominantly in the counties of Ayod, Canal/Pigi, Duk, Nyirol and Uror, which are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity, with Ayod having an estimated 20,000 people experiencing Humanitarian Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) at least through July 2017. (IPC, 31 May 2017)
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Since June 2016, Western Bahr el Ghazal has experienced multiple incidents of intense conflict in areas of Wau town, and the surrounding areas of Jur river, Wau and Raga counties. Many areas in Western Bahr el Ghazal are largely inaccessible to humanitarian actors due to insecurity and logistical constraints. As a result, only limited information is available on the humanitarian situation outside major displacement sites in Wau town.
Abidjan, 16 November, 2017 - A newly released nutrition report by the World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Africa has revealed that undernutrition is still persistent in the region and the number of stunted children has increased. The Africa Nutrition Report, launched today in Abidjan, Ivory Coast also indicates that a growing number of children under five years old are overweight.
In October, 1,593 South Sudanese refugees were biometrically registered in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC); an increase compared to the previous month (1,074).
A primary school and health post were inaugurated at the Biringi refugee site and handed over to the local authorities. These infrastructures will serve the refugees as well as the host community.
Construction works began at the recently allocated Kaka refugee site near the town of Dungu (Haut-Uélé province).
BONN – A compelling new report about the impact of climate change on global food security has been launched by the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) in partnership with the Government of Sweden.
How Climate Change Drives Hunger was unveiled today at the 23rd UN Climate Change Conference - known as COP23 - which is being held in Bonn, Germany.
Conflict in Jonglei State broke out in late December 2013, only days after the current conflict began in Juba. Since then, the state has been one of the worst affected by the conflict, and currently hosts the second highest reported numbers of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the country. Many areas in Jonglei are largely inaccessible to humanitarian actors due to insecurity and logistical constraints. As a result, only limited information is available on the humanitarian situation outside major displacement sites.
2,100,716* Total South Sudanese refugees in the region as of 15 Oct (pre and post Dec 2013 caseload)
641,911** South Sudanese refugee arrivals in 2017, based on field reports as of 15 Oct
279,160 Refugees in South Sudan and 1.87 million IDPs as of 30 September
On 8 July 2017, fighting broke out in Juba between the government-led SPLA and former opposition SPLA-IO. Since then, the states of Greater Equatoria have seen fighting spread to other towns and villages throughout the region, displacing hundreds of thousands South Sudanese across the borders into Uganda and Kenya. Many areas in Greater Equatoria are largely inaccessible to humanitarian actors due to insecurity and logistical constraints. As a result, only limited information is available on the humanitarian situation outside major displacement sites.
In 2014 and 2015, Upper Nile State was the site of some of the most intense conflict in South Sudan. Although the state had enjoyed a period of relative calm in 2016, since January 2017, conflict has reignited across the state. Many areas in Upper Nile are largely inaccessible to humanitarian actors due to insecurity and logistical constraints. As a result, only limited information is available on the humanitarian situation outside major displacement sites.
I. INTRODUCTION AND KEY TAKEAWAYS
Bentiu protection of civilian (PoC) site was established in December 2013 with 112,140 people seeking protection in the site. Humanitarian partners and UNMISS are working together with the community to improve the living condition in the PoC area
Juba Gumbo Park FMP
Demographic data: 1,753 individuals were recorded transiting Juba Gumbo Flow Monitoring Point (FMP) during the reporting period (up from 1,600 the previous week). 914 individuals (52%) were children of which 186 were under five years old (11%). 728 individuals were between the ages of 5 and 17 years (42%). The majority of the transiting population were women (1,050 women making up 60%) while 703 men were recorded transiting Juba Gumbo Park (40%).
In October, fighting between government and opposition forces was reported in Kajo-keji (Central Equatoria), Mundri and Maridi (Western Equatoria), Koch and Guit (Unity) forcing thousands of people to flee their homes. Due to clashes in Kajo-keji, over 17,000 displaced people in Keriwa, Ajio and Logo camps re-displaced to new locations and across the border to Uganda. According to health partners, the deadly tropical disease kala-azar had killed at least 52 people and sickened 2,447 in South Sudan.
(Juba, 13 November 2017): The Humanitarian Coordinator for South Sudan, Alain Noudéhou, has welcomed President Salva Kiir Mayardit’s decree ordering free, unimpeded and unhindered movement of humanitarian organizations in the country.
The Ambassador of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Geert Geut, and the Representative of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in South Sudan, Serge Tissot, signed an arrangement for a contribution of $6 million by the Netherlands to FAO today, for the pool-funded Emergency Livelihood and Resilience Programme in South Sudan in 2018.
Donation from Pope Francis provides seeds to grow nutritious food
13 November 2017, Yei SOUTH SUDAN - Hungry families in South Sudan will be able to make ends meet thanks to vegetable-growing kits funded by a donation from Pope Francis. The kits come as the food security situation is forecast to worsen in coming months.
November 12, 2017 (EL-OBEID) - Local officials in North Kordofan state Sunday said all arrangements have been completed to resume relief operations in South Sudan through a new route connecting the state with the neighbouring country.
Three United Nations agencies declared an outbreak of famine in the young nation in February, saying an additional 1 million people were are the brink of starvation.