South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2018Ongoing
3.9 million people – nearly one in every three people in South Sudan – were severely food insecure and 3.6 million were considered to be ‘stressed’, in September 2015. An estimated 30,000 people were facing catastrophic food insecurity (IPC Level 5) in Unity State, leading to starvation, death, and destitution. (OCHA, 5 Jan 2016)
At the height of the lean season in July 2016, some 4.8 million people – more than one in every three people in South Sudan – were estimated to be severely food insecure. This number is expected to rise as high as five million in 2017. The food security situation is at the most compromised level since the crisis commenced in 2013 - the combination of conflict, economic crisis and lack of adequate levels of agricultural production have eroded vulnerable households ability to cope. More than one million children under age 5 are estimated to be acutely malnourished, including more than 273,600 who are severely malnourished. (OCHA, 13 Feb 2017)
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions...Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
An estimated 6.01 million (50% of the population) people are expected to be severely food insecure in June-July 2017, compared to 5.5 million (45% of the population) people in May 2017. This is the greatest number of people ever to experience severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3, 4 and 5) in South Sudan. Famine is no longer occurring in Leer and Mayendit counties, and further deterioration was prevented in Koch and Panyijiar counties of former Southern Unity State as a result of immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to the affected population since March 2017...However, in June-July 2017, approximately 45,000 people will still be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe in Leer, Koch, Mayendit in former Unity State and Ayod County in former Jonglei state based on most likely assumptions of continued armed conflict, food shortages associated with seasonality, and humanitarian assistance delivery constraints...Of great concern is former Greater Jonglei State, where food security is rapidly deteriorating, predominantly in the counties of Ayod, Canal/Pigi, Duk, Nyirol and Uror, which are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity, with Ayod having an estimated 20,000 people experiencing Humanitarian Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) at least through July 2017. (IPC, 31 May 2017)
In September 2017, 6 million people were in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5), which corresponded to 56% of the total population. As for October to December 2017, the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) are expected to drop to 4.8 million (45% of the total population. However, this figure includes a doubled number of people classified in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) compared to the same time last year, and 25,000 people still experiencing catastrophic conditions and extreme food gaps. (IPC, 6 Nov 2017)
WFP resumed the integrated rapid response mechanism (IRRM) and currently has seven teams deployed in Bilkey, Nyandit, Kurwai, Jaibor, Chuil, Buot and Ulang, providing life-saving food and nutrition assistance to around 96,633 people, including 17,370 children under the age of five. WFP plans to deploy an additional 26 missions in the coming six weeks, targeting close to 400,000. (WFP, 8 Jan 2018)
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The April 2017 conflict in Wau resulted in the displacement of about 67,165 people. These people were displaced from Wau town and are currently living in POC (Protection of Civilian site) and other collective centers such as churches. WFP has been providing food assistance to these displaced populations on a monthly basis.
IOM conducted flow monitoring at various cross border points, transit areas, PoCs, and IDP Collective sites across South Sudan. During the reporting period, DTM tracked 6,011 individuals (59% female) transiting 13 active Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs). Flow monitoring captures the movement dynamics of the displaced population in the country.
January 17th, 2017 ― Doha: In response to the alarming humanitarian situation in South Sudan, Qatar Red Crescent Society (QRCS) has launched a relief intervention to help the victims of famine in the war-torn country, at a total cost of $300,000.
Co-implemented by Kuwait Red Crescent Society (KRCS) and the World Food Programme (WFP), the programme involves delivering 187 tons of popular food items like maize, cereals, and vegetable oil.
The food supplies were procured from neighboring countries and stored at WFP's warehouses, in coordination with local authorities.
Armed clashes continue in violation of cessation of hostilities agreement
2018 South Sudan HRP calls for more than $1.7 billion to meet the humanitarian needs of 6 million people
The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) is a global norm, unanimously adopted by heads of state and government at the 2005 UN World Summit, aimed at preventing and halting Genocide, War Crimes, Ethnic Cleansing and Crimes Against Humanity. R2P stipulates that:
» Every State has the Responsibility to Protect its populations from the four mass atrocity crimes (Pillar I).
» The wider international community has the responsibility to encourage and assist individual States in meeting that responsibility (Pillar II).
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 54 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
- Chikungunya in Kenya
- Cholera in Malawi
- Cholera in Zambia
- Suspected Rift Valley fever in South Sudan
- Humanitarian crisis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2017 (SOFI) has revealed that global hunger is on the rise again after declining for more than two decades. Global hunger rose from 777 million in 2015 to 815 million people in 2016.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS & RECOMMENDATIONS
The overall food WASH, health and education situation was found to be very poor and there is a risk of continued conflict and repeated displacement. An encompassing inter-agency WASH, health, education and livelihood (seeds and tools) intervention is highly recommended.
Out of the total 5,707 people registered in Gunyoro, a total of 765 people were identified to be vulnerable. In Iholong a total of 115 people out of the 372 people registered were found to be vulnerable.
The rise in man-made, protracted emergencies means millions are at risk of starving around the globe this year
It’s a difficult new year for the humanitarian system and those reliant on it: a near-record number of people are in need and yet a yawning funding gap will limit what assistance can be provided.
Read more on IRIN.
Since its inception over ten years ago, the Global Nutrition Cluster (GNC) has progressed from its early focus on the development of technical tools and materials and filling research gaps to a much greater emphasis on strengthening country coordination and providing surge support to secure appropriate and high-quality nutrition programming in emergency contexts.
Over 3,700 new refugee arrivals fled to Sudan through South Darfur, South and West Kordofan and White Nile states.
Revised refugee figures for North Darfur, South and West Kordofan following completion of individual (biometric) registration.
Lack of laboratory services is ongoing gap for health response.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JULY 2018
3,159 South Sudanese refugees arrived in Uganda between the 1st and 31st of December at an average daily rate of 103. The number of South Sudanese refugees in Uganda is 986,140. Refugees continue to report fighting between armed groups, violence and sexual assault, worsening food insecurity and lack of basic services as reasons for fleeing South Sudan. Heavy rains have disrupted the Refugee response in West Nile, Causing damage to infrastructure and property and adversely affecting delivery of services to refugees.
INSIDE SOUTH SUDAN
283,409 Refugees in South Sudan as of 31 December 2017.
1.9 million IDPs in South Sudan including 209,898 in UNMISS Protection of Civilians sites as of 31 December 2017
US $883.5 million Funding requested by UNHCR for the South Sudan Situation in 2017.
Achievements and Impact
Since the beginning of the year 2018, due to heavy fighting and food insecurity and thanks to easier access since the end of the rainy season, there is a surge in refugees from South Sudan arriving in Gambela region. 2 300 individuals have been registered in Pamdong reception center in only three days.
Services in the reception center still need to be substantially scaled up to meet the needs of the new arrivals, mainly women and children.
Civil war has ravaged once-bountiful Equatoria, now a wasteland of looted shops and abandoned homes, with close to 400,000 people desperate for food
“Food,” says John Lasona, “tortures my mind.” Hunched over, bare-chested, the 48-year-old father in Lainya town runs his fingers over his hollowed frame. “The hunger is killing me.”
Once regarded as South Sudan’s breadbasket, the ravaged Equatoria region is slipping into catastrophe, its once self-reliant citizens now dependent on handouts.
Over the past year, drought, famine, ongoing conflict and food insecurity have continued to devastate the lives of families across East Africa.
Across South Sudan and Somalia, an estimated 11.2 million people are facing critical levels of food scarcity. With chronic water shortages, livestock and crops are failing. Food prices are rising and with a lack of safe water, communities are also vulnerable to life-threatening illnesses such as cholera, diphtheria and diarrhoea.
Due to the lingering effects of the 2015-2016 El Niño-induced drought and multiple consecutive droughts, an estimated 8.5 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). An additional 4 million chronically food-insecure people, who are supported by the Government of Ethiopia-led Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP), also require humanitarian assistance.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 53 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including: