South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2018Ongoing
3.9 million people – nearly one in every three people in South Sudan – were severely food insecure and 3.6 million were considered to be ‘stressed’, in September 2015. An estimated 30,000 people were facing catastrophic food insecurity (IPC Level 5) in Unity State, leading to starvation, death, and destitution. (OCHA, 5 Jan 2016)
At the height of the lean season in July 2016, some 4.8 million people – more than one in every three people in South Sudan – were estimated to be severely food insecure. This number is expected to rise as high as five million in 2017. The food security situation is at the most compromised level since the crisis commenced in 2013 - the combination of conflict, economic crisis and lack of adequate levels of agricultural production have eroded vulnerable households ability to cope. More than one million children under age 5 are estimated to be acutely malnourished, including more than 273,600 who are severely malnourished. (OCHA, 13 Feb 2017)
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions...Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
An estimated 6.01 million (50% of the population) people are expected to be severely food insecure in June-July 2017, compared to 5.5 million (45% of the population) people in May 2017. This is the greatest number of people ever to experience severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3, 4 and 5) in South Sudan. Famine is no longer occurring in Leer and Mayendit counties, and further deterioration was prevented in Koch and Panyijiar counties of former Southern Unity State as a result of immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to the affected population since March 2017...However, in June-July 2017, approximately 45,000 people will still be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe in Leer, Koch, Mayendit in former Unity State and Ayod County in former Jonglei state based on most likely assumptions of continued armed conflict, food shortages associated with seasonality, and humanitarian assistance delivery constraints...Of great concern is former Greater Jonglei State, where food security is rapidly deteriorating, predominantly in the counties of Ayod, Canal/Pigi, Duk, Nyirol and Uror, which are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity, with Ayod having an estimated 20,000 people experiencing Humanitarian Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) at least through July 2017. (IPC, 31 May 2017)
In September 2017, 6 million people were in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5), which corresponded to 56% of the total population. As for October to December 2017, the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) are expected to drop to 4.8 million (45% of the total population. However, this figure includes a doubled number of people classified in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) compared to the same time last year, and 25,000 people still experiencing catastrophic conditions and extreme food gaps. (IPC, 6 Nov 2017)
WFP resumed the integrated rapid response mechanism (IRRM) and currently has seven teams deployed in Bilkey, Nyandit, Kurwai, Jaibor, Chuil, Buot and Ulang, providing life-saving food and nutrition assistance to around 96,633 people, including 17,370 children under the age of five. WFP plans to deploy an additional 26 missions in the coming six weeks, targeting close to 400,000. (WFP, 8 Jan 2018)
An estimated 5.3 million people, 48 percent of the population, are currently facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food insecurity, despite the harvest and continued large-scale assistance. (FEWSNET, 22 Mar 2018)
Extreme food insecurity persists across South Sudan as the lean season progresses, conflict continues to disrupt normal livelihoods, and macroeconomic conditions remain very poor. Of greatest concern in April are Pibor of Jonglei and Kapoeta East of Eastern Equatoria. However, southern and central Unity, northern Jonglei, and Wau County also remain of high concern, and Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity exists in all regions of the country despite ongoing humanitarian assistance. (FEWSNET, 30 Apr 2018)
Based on the September IPC analysis, it is expected that 6.1 million people (59% of the total population) faced Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food insecurity at the peak of the lean season (July – August), of whom 47,000 were in Catastrophe (IPC phase 5) and 1.7 million were in Emergency (IPC Phase 4). Food security has improved slightly with the green harvest in September relative to July and August, and further improvements are expected in the post-harvest period between October and December 2018 when the number of people in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse is most likely to reduce to 4.4 million (43% of the total population), with 26,000 in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). However, an anticipated earlier than normal start of the lean season will result in an estimated 5.2 million (49% of the total population) people in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food insecurity between January and March 2019, with 36,000 in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). These estimates are in the presence of planned humanitarian food assistances. (FEWSNET, 28 Sep 2018)
Food security has continued to improve throughout Somalia since the 2018 Gu. Most northern and central livelihood zones are Stressed (IPC Phase 2), while southern livelihood zones are Minimal (IPC Phase 1) or Stressed (IPC Phase 2). In October, humanitarian assistance continued to prevent worse outcomes in Guban Pastoral and northwestern Northern Inland Pastoral (NIP) livelihood zones, where Crisis! (IPC Phase 3!) and Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes persist, respectively. Northwest Agropastoral and most IDP settlements are also in Crisis (IPC Phase 3). FEWSNET, 31 Oct 2018)
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- Global Humanitarian Overview 2019
- Accessing South Sudan: Humanitarian Aid in a Time of Crisis
- South Sudan: Food insecurity situation still dire and widespread - IPC Alert, Issue 10, September 2018
- USG Humanitarian Assistance to South Sudan Crisis (Last Updated: 12/07/18)
- EU steps up humanitarian support in Sudan
By Erol Yayboke
Relief actor records at least 150 GBV cases in Bentiu during a 12-day period
UN records two aid worker deaths, 60 humanitarian access incidents in October
USAID/FFP partner reaches 2.3 million people with assistance in October
KEY DEVELOPMENTS ￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼
WFP strongly condemns the attacks conducted against girls and women in Bentiu from 19 to 29 November.
With the support of DANIDA, WFP launched Women and Girls Safe Spaces (WGSS) in multiple locations across the country.
WFP has deployed three SHERPs - all-terrain vehicles - to Ganyel (Unity state), to be piloted for distribution of humanitarian assistance to hard-to-reach locations.
Urgent legislative and policy measures crucial to ensure zero hunger
From July to September 2018, the Education Cluster provided access to education in emergency (EiE) services to 640,729 children and young people (375,880 boys and young men, 264,849 girls and young women) from internally displaced populations (IDPs) and host communities. This equates to 95 per cent of the annual target for the cluster.
• A 5-day Integrated Rapid Response Mission in Baggari has been concluded.
• Conflict and insecurity through out the lean season push some 6.1 million people into hunger.
• Health partners intensified preparedness and response activities agaisnt Ebola in the wake of the Ebola Virus outbreak in DRC.
• Authorities in Greater Aweil area have reported that more than 20,500 households have been affected by floods in the area.
Scaling-up humanitarian response in Baggari area
**60 percent of the population in South Sudan faced Crisis or worse levels of food security from July to August this year. This was among the main findings of the latest release by IPC, an initiative responsible for consolidating and analysing data on food security. The release gave little hope for the future. Seven states where expected to reach Catastrophe levels of food insecurity by September, and similar levels were projected for several regions for the year to come.
FOOD INSECURITY AND MALNUTRITION SITUATION REMAINS AT DIRE LEVELS ACROSS SOUTH SUDAN
How Many & When
In September 2018, 6.1 million people (59% of the total population) are facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5).
The Logistics Cluster facilitates the coordination of the logistics response in support of the humanitarian community. Furthermore, it provides information management products to improve the decision making of humanitarian organisations in South Sudan. Where logistics gaps are identified, WFP, as the lead agency of the Logistics Cluster, acts as a Provider of Last Resort by offering common logistics services to support the humanitarian community in their response operations.
South Sudan could be facing its toughest year yet as a declaration of famine is expected by 2019
UN ambassador expresses concerns over the Cessation of Hostilities agreement in September
Plans for a new state capital to make the seat of government more accessible are under consideration
Rebel leader Riek Machar has returned to Juba more than two years after the collapse of the 2016 peace deal
by Hellen Toby
Decimated by civil war, South Sudan's met office is barely running, with inadequate funding, outdated equipment and untrained staff, experts say
JUBA, Dec 3 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - In Shirkat cattle camp on the outskirts of Juba, farmers say South Sudan's increasingly unpredictable weather has turned their lives into a series of dilemmas.
Unexpected showers during the cold season can cause cows to contract East Coast Fever, a potentially fatal illness.
This quarterly update is compiled by OCHA ROSEA to support growth in innovative policy, practice and partnerships in humanitarian action to better engage with disaster-affected communities across Southern and Eastern Africa.
- Over 120 women and girls, including the elderly, girls as young as 10 and pregnant women, sought emergency assistance in Bentiu (Rubkona County, Unity State), reporting that they had been raped, beaten, brutalised in the 10 days between 19 and 29 November 2018. In addition to being violently raped, the survivors were whipped, beaten or clubbed with sticks and rifle butts. They were also robbed of money, clothes, shoes and anything else of value that they might have possessed, and which they may need to support their families.
Global trends and challenges
More than 1 per cent of people across the planet right now are caught up in major humanitarian crises. The international humanitarian system is more effective than ever at meeting their needs – but global trends including poverty, population growth and climate change are leaving more people than ever vulnerable to the devastating impacts of conflicts and disasters.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 57 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
Yellow fever in South Sudan
Ebola virus disease in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Cholera in Zimbabwe
Hepatitis E in Central African Republic
Humanitarian crisis in Ethiopia.
2,469,552 * South Sudanese refugees in the region as of 30 September 2018 (pre- and post-Dec 2013 caseload).
4,418 * South Sudanese refugee arrivals in September 2018.
300,137 Refugees in South Sudan and 1.96 million IDPs including 197,996 in UNMISS Protection of Civilians sites
4.76 million persons of concern (South Sudanese refugees in the region;
South Sudanese IDPs and refugees in South Sudan)
6,700+ Refugees received relief packages across South Sudan during the reporting period.
7,900+ Refugees children and mothers received nutrition support in Upper Nile during the reporting period.
1,400+ Refugees and IDPs benefited from capacity building activities across South Sudan during the reporting period.
Achievements and Impact
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.