South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2017Ongoing
3.9 million people – nearly one in every three people in South Sudan – were severely food insecure and 3.6 million were considered to be ‘stressed’, in September 2015. An estimated 30,000 people were facing catastrophic food insecurity (IPC Level 5) in Unity State, leading to starvation, death, and destitution. (OCHA, 5 Jan 2016)
At the height of the lean season in July 2016, some 4.8 million people – more than one in every three people in South Sudan – were estimated to be severely food insecure. This number is expected to rise as high as five million in 2017. The food security situation is at the most compromised level since the crisis commenced in 2013 - the combination of conflict, economic crisis and lack of adequate levels of agricultural production have eroded vulnerable households ability to cope. More than one million children under age 5 are estimated to be acutely malnourished, including more than 273,600 who are severely malnourished. (OCHA, 13 Feb 2017)
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions...Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
An estimated 6.01 million (50% of the population) people are expected to be severely food insecure in June-July 2017, compared to 5.5 million (45% of the population) people in May 2017. This is the greatest number of people ever to experience severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3, 4 and 5) in South Sudan. Famine is no longer occurring in Leer and Mayendit counties, and further deterioration was prevented in Koch and Panyijiar counties of former Southern Unity State as a result of immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to the affected population since March 2017...However, in June-July 2017, approximately 45,000 people will still be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe in Leer, Koch, Mayendit in former Unity State and Ayod County in former Jonglei state based on most likely assumptions of continued armed conflict, food shortages associated with seasonality, and humanitarian assistance delivery constraints...Of great concern is former Greater Jonglei State, where food security is rapidly deteriorating, predominantly in the counties of Ayod, Canal/Pigi, Duk, Nyirol and Uror, which are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity, with Ayod having an estimated 20,000 people experiencing Humanitarian Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) at least through July 2017. (IPC, 31 May 2017)
Steady rate of new arrivals continues, especially to South Darfur and West Kordofan.
UNHCR pursues protection capacity building for partners in White Nile, South Darfur, and South and West Kordofan.
Improved access to birth registration for refugee children born in Sudan in White Nile and East Darfur.
1,416 New arrivals in September so far
183,516 Total new arrivals in 2017
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Famine phased out, but food security situation still dire across the country
Food insecure caseload estimated at record high 6 million in June 2017
Unfavourable prospects for 2017 crops due to widespread insecurity, large scale displacements and Fall Armyworm infestations
Food prices at exceptionally high levels
Famine phased out, but food security situation still dire
The issue of hunger has aroused great interest among the international community when famine was declared in South Sudan last February. Since then, the United Nations has declared the famine situation officially over. However, the root causes of hunger, and therefore of potential famine situations, are still there. The number of food insecure people is increasing.
North-east Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen are facing devastating humanitarian crises. To avert a humanitarian catastrophe, the United Nations and our partners have dramatically scaled up operations.
Together with the World Bank, the UN is also stepping up cooperation between humanitarian and development partners. By strengthening such links, we aim to not only save lives, but to build people’s resilience to withstand future shocks. But ending conflicts is vital to assure protection of civilians and access to people in need.
Addis Ababa – UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, and IOM, the UN Migration Agency yesterday (21/09) announced that they had assisted the Government of Ethiopia in relocating to camps, more than 100,000 South Sudanese refugees who had, since September 2016, fled renewed conflict in the world’s youngest nation.
1,021 Refugees verified using the Biometric Identity Management System (BIMS) in Juba.
32, 696 Refugees and IDPs received aid items from UNHCR across South Sudan during the reporting period.
9,527 Persons reached with awareness on SGBV prevention and lifesaving messages.
INSIDE SOUTH SUDAN
276,900 Refugees in South Sudan as of 31 August 2017.
Understanding context and conflict drivers related to forced displacement and conditions for voluntary return
A tale of two countries: Different pathways towards refugee self-reliance
80,093 Refugees and IDPs received nonfood items assistance from UNHCR across South Sudan in August 2017
15,456 Refugees reached with awareness on SGBV prevention, hygiene promotion and life-saving messages in August 2017.
1,021 Refugees verified using the Biometric Identity Management System (BIMS) in August.
Main Activities – Refugee Programme
The Dutch government is giving an additional €4 million to She Decides. She Decides is the international initiative launched by development minister Lilianne Ploumen to safeguard access to family planning for millions of women in developing countries in the face of the US government’s Global Gag Rule. This policy cancels US funding for aid organisations if their services include access to or information about safe abortions.
21 septembre 2017 – Le Secrétaire général de l'ONU, António Guterres, a salué jeudi les efforts de la communauté internationale ces derniers mois pour répondre aux menaces de famine au Soudan du Sud, en Somalie, au nord-est du Nigéria et au Yémen, près de sept mois après son appel à l'action.
21 September 2017 – Nearly seven months after the United Nations issued an urgent call for action to counter the threat of famine in South Sudan, Somalia, north-east Nigeria and Yemen, global efforts have kept that crisis at bay but millions of people still suffer and many are dying at this very moment, Secretary-General António Guterres warned today.
Today, the United States announced more than $575 million in additional humanitarian assistance to the millions of people affected by food insecurity and violence in Yemen, South Sudan, Nigeria, and Somalia. This additional funding brings the total U.S. humanitarian assistance to nearly $2.5 billion for these four crises since the beginning of Fiscal Year 2017.
El informe de la FAO indica un repunte de las cosechas en la mayoría de los países de bajos ingresos con déficit de alimentos
Le rapport de la FAO souligne la hausse des récoltes dans les pays aux plus faibles revenus et plus importants déficits vivriers
Juba Gumbo Park and Water Port
Conflicts drag down food security amid growing global food output
FAO report notes rebounding harvests in most low-income food-deficit countries
21 September 2017, Rome-- Robust harvests in Latin America and rebounding agricultural conditions in Southern Africa are on course to improve the global food supply situation, but ongoing civil conflicts and climate-related shocks are affecting progress towards hunger reduction, according to the new edition of FAO's Crop Prospects and Food Situation report.
In 2018, there will be Humanitarian Response Plans in 23 countries: Afghanistan, Burundi, Chad, Cameroon, CAR, DRC, Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Haiti, Iraq, Libya, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sudan, South Sudan, Somalia, Syria, Ukraine and Yemen. The HRPs for Cameroon, Chad, CAR, DRC, Somalia, Haiti, Sudan, Nigeria (and potentially Niger and Afghanistan) will be multi-year Plans.
Deadline for Completion
GENEVA (20 September 2017) - The Commission witnessed tens of thousands of South Sudanese women and children arriving in Ethiopia just last week, after walking in some cases for months to reach safety. Like hundreds of thousands of others civilians over the last year, they were subjected to collective punishment by government forces, based on ethnicity and their perceived support for the opposition.
Co-chairs’ summary issued on behalf of Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Mr. Mark Lowcock; African Union Commissioner for Political Affairs, H.E. Ms. Minata Samate Cessouma; and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Norway, H.E. Mr. Børge Brende
On 20 September 2017, we hosted a high-level meeting to draw international attention to the escalating humanitarian crisis in South Sudan with participation from United Nations Member States, regional organizations, UN partners and members of the civil society.