South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2018Ongoing
3.9 million people – nearly one in every three people in South Sudan – were severely food insecure and 3.6 million were considered to be ‘stressed’, in September 2015. An estimated 30,000 people were facing catastrophic food insecurity (IPC Level 5) in Unity State, leading to starvation, death, and destitution. (OCHA, 5 Jan 2016)
At the height of the lean season in July 2016, some 4.8 million people – more than one in every three people in South Sudan – were estimated to be severely food insecure. This number is expected to rise as high as five million in 2017. The food security situation is at the most compromised level since the crisis commenced in 2013 - the combination of conflict, economic crisis and lack of adequate levels of agricultural production have eroded vulnerable households ability to cope. More than one million children under age 5 are estimated to be acutely malnourished, including more than 273,600 who are severely malnourished. (OCHA, 13 Feb 2017)
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions...Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
An estimated 6.01 million (50% of the population) people are expected to be severely food insecure in June-July 2017, compared to 5.5 million (45% of the population) people in May 2017. This is the greatest number of people ever to experience severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3, 4 and 5) in South Sudan. Famine is no longer occurring in Leer and Mayendit counties, and further deterioration was prevented in Koch and Panyijiar counties of former Southern Unity State as a result of immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to the affected population since March 2017...However, in June-July 2017, approximately 45,000 people will still be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe in Leer, Koch, Mayendit in former Unity State and Ayod County in former Jonglei state based on most likely assumptions of continued armed conflict, food shortages associated with seasonality, and humanitarian assistance delivery constraints...Of great concern is former Greater Jonglei State, where food security is rapidly deteriorating, predominantly in the counties of Ayod, Canal/Pigi, Duk, Nyirol and Uror, which are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity, with Ayod having an estimated 20,000 people experiencing Humanitarian Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) at least through July 2017. (IPC, 31 May 2017)
In September 2017, 6 million people were in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5), which corresponded to 56% of the total population. As for October to December 2017, the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) are expected to drop to 4.8 million (45% of the total population. However, this figure includes a doubled number of people classified in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) compared to the same time last year, and 25,000 people still experiencing catastrophic conditions and extreme food gaps. (IPC, 6 Nov 2017)
WFP resumed the integrated rapid response mechanism (IRRM) and currently has seven teams deployed in Bilkey, Nyandit, Kurwai, Jaibor, Chuil, Buot and Ulang, providing life-saving food and nutrition assistance to around 96,633 people, including 17,370 children under the age of five. WFP plans to deploy an additional 26 missions in the coming six weeks, targeting close to 400,000. (WFP, 8 Jan 2018)
An estimated 5.3 million people, 48 percent of the population, are currently facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food insecurity, despite the harvest and continued large-scale assistance. (FEWSNET, 22 Mar 2018)
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ICCO provides emergency relief in South Sudan, a country racked by conflict and where famine threatens. In the village of Ogwazu, near the town of Torit, ICCO provides assistance in the form of cash.
Josephine Kulan, 35 and mother of five children, is one of the women in Ogwazu who receives money from ICCO and Kerk in Actie. In her community women do most of the work: they look after the children and farm the land. Women also control family spending.
7.1 million people facing severe food insecurity between May-July 2018 (IPC February 2018)
2.6 million people assisted by WFP in May 2018 1.76 million internally displaced people (OCHA)
2.47 million South Sudanese refugees (UNHCR) 202,776 seeking shelter with the UN (UNMISS)
July 2018 marks the one-year anniversary of Trócaire's emergency appeal in response to the crisis in East Africa. Trócaire has been able to respond to the crisis providing water, food and funds to 75,000 people.
July 2018 marks the one-year anniversary of Trócaire's emergency appeal in response to the crisis in East Africa.
This appeal responded to the threat of famine in Somalia, South Sudan, Kenya and Ethiopia. A combination of drought and conflict left almost 25 million people facing severe food shortages.
Fifty-nine access incidents were reported in June, with the majority (66 per cent) occurring in Unity, Western Bahr el Ghazal, Central Equatoria and Jonglei. 68 per cent of the organizations reporting being affected are INGOs and over recent months, incidents involving violence against aid workers and assets have remained the majority, at around 60 per cent. Again this month, aid operations in Western Bahr el Ghazal have continued to be impeded by blockages and bureaucratic challenges – a situation which has persisted since the start of 2018.
In June 2018, thousands of people were forced to flee their homes due to hostilities in several parts of the Country. In Central Equatoria, about 20,700 IDPs were reported in Yei town- this follows fighting in several locations in Yei County and nearly 3,100 people were displaced from Kupera to Lainya following harassment and looting by armed elements. In Western Equatoria, some 18,500 IDPs were registered in Tambura; they fled fighting in Nagero, Nagero County.
$841.5 million UNHCR's financial requirements 2018
Funded 98.7 million
Funding gap 742.7 million
145,000+ Refugees and IDPs received material support and training during June 2018.
1,600+ Individuals received capacitybuilding training during June 2018.
45,000+ Children received Vitamn A and deworming tablets in Upper Nie and Unity regions in June.
Working with Partners in 2018
■ UNHCR works closely with the Government of South Sudan to deliver assistance and protection services to refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs).
Harriet Baldwin meets with First Vice President.
The UK’s Minister for Africa, Harriett Baldwin, has visited South Sudan to call on all parties to find an urgent solution to the conflict which is causing extreme man-made suffering across the country.
During her visit, Mrs Baldwin made clear that the UK will not tolerate ongoing human rights abuses happening in the country, and urged South Sudan’s leaders to demonstrate that they are committed to peace by abiding by the ceasefire they signed in Khartoum.
Humanitarian assistance and improved seasonal performance mitigate a deterioration in food security
The Logistics Cluster facilitates coordination of the logistics response in support of the humanitarian community. Furthermore, it provides information management products to improve decision making of humanitarian organisations in South Sudan. Where logistics gaps are identified, WFP, as the lead agency of the Logistics Cluster, acts as a ‘Provider of Last Resort’ by offering common logistics services to support the humanitarian community in their response operations.
The outbreak of conflict between armed groups in South Sudan’s Deim Zubier town on the first week of April displaced thousands of civilians to multiple locations in the western parts of the country. Due to the rapid onset of conflict, little is known about the displacement routes or needs of the affected populations.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 58 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
Humanitarian crisis in Ethiopia
Humanitarian crisis in in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Hepatitis E outbreak in Namibia
Cholera outbreak in Cameroon
Ebola virus disease in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The continuation of conflict since December 2013 has created a complex humanitarian crisis in the country, restricting humanitarian access and hindering the flow of information required by aid partners to deliver humanitarian assistance to populations in need. To address information gaps facing the humanitarian response in South Sudan, REACH employs its Area of Knowledge (AoK) methodology to collect relevant information in hardto-reach areas to inform humanitarian planning and interventions outside formal settlement sites.
The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) is a global norm, unanimously adopted by heads of state and government at the 2005 UN World Summit, aimed at preventing and halting Genocide, War Crimes, Ethnic Cleansing and Crimes Against Humanity. R2P stipulates that:
Every State has the Responsibility to Protect its populations from the four mass atrocity crimes (Pillar I).
The wider international community has the responsibility to encourage and assist individual States in meeting that responsibility (Pillar II).
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JANUARY 2019
• Humanitarian Coordinator call for urgent scale up of humanitarian assistance in Tambura, Western Equatoria.
• Humanitarians call for pause to enable them reach thousands of people as fighting continues in Unity.
• Renewed fighting in Wau’s Baggari area forces thousands of people to flee their homes.
• Partners scale up seed and tools distribution to communities hardest hit by hunger and malnutrition in planting season.
• Up to 2.4 million children not receiving an education in South Sudan.
Ongoing conflict in South Sudan has had a domino effect on the nation's health. Here, David Traynor, Concern's Programme Quality Coordinator explains what is being done to remedy this, with support from the European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations.
Conflict: The cause of malnutrition