South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2017Ongoing
3.9 million people – nearly one in every three people in South Sudan – were severely food insecure and 3.6 million were considered to be ‘stressed’, in September 2015. An estimated 30,000 people were facing catastrophic food insecurity (IPC Level 5) in Unity State, leading to starvation, death, and destitution. (OCHA, 5 Jan 2016)
At the height of the lean season in July 2016, some 4.8 million people – more than one in every three people in South Sudan – were estimated to be severely food insecure. This number is expected to rise as high as five million in 2017. The food security situation is at the most compromised level since the crisis commenced in 2013 - the combination of conflict, economic crisis and lack of adequate levels of agricultural production have eroded vulnerable households ability to cope. More than one million children under age 5 are estimated to be acutely malnourished, including more than 273,600 who are severely malnourished. (OCHA, 13 Feb 2017)
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions...Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
An estimated 6.01 million (50% of the population) people are expected to be severely food insecure in June-July 2017, compared to 5.5 million (45% of the population) people in May 2017. This is the greatest number of people ever to experience severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3, 4 and 5) in South Sudan. Famine is no longer occurring in Leer and Mayendit counties, and further deterioration was prevented in Koch and Panyijiar counties of former Southern Unity State as a result of immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to the affected population since March 2017...However, in June-July 2017, approximately 45,000 people will still be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe in Leer, Koch, Mayendit in former Unity State and Ayod County in former Jonglei state based on most likely assumptions of continued armed conflict, food shortages associated with seasonality, and humanitarian assistance delivery constraints...Of great concern is former Greater Jonglei State, where food security is rapidly deteriorating, predominantly in the counties of Ayod, Canal/Pigi, Duk, Nyirol and Uror, which are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity, with Ayod having an estimated 20,000 people experiencing Humanitarian Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) at least through July 2017. (IPC, 31 May 2017)
In September 2017, 6 million people were in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5), which corresponded to 56% of the total population. As for October to December 2017, the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) are expected to drop to 4.8 million (45% of the total population. However, this figure includes a doubled number of people classified in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) compared to the same time last year, and 25,000 people still experiencing catastrophic conditions and extreme food gaps. (IPC, Nov 2017)
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UNMISS HQ, Juba, South Sudan, Friday, 15 December 2017
On the fourth anniversary of South Sudan's deadly conflict, Christian Aid is renewing its call for urgent action to stem alarming levels of hunger and malnutrition in the country.
Ongoing violence and civil insecurity, which began on 15 December 2013, have crippled South Sudan's economy, created catastrophic food shortages and forced 4 million people to abandon their homes.
In response to reports of persistent needs and a growing population of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in the mountain and valley areas of southern Torit County, REACH joined a Rapid Response Mission team constituted by the World Food Program (WFP) and the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) in Gunyoro village, Ifwotu Payam. A concurrent screening and distribution took place in Iholong village, also in Ifwotu Payam, but was cut short due to nearby fighting.
JUBA (15 December 2017) – Four years after the beginning of the South Sudan conflict, the leading humanitarian organization CARE is deeply concerned by the risk of famine as rates of hunger and malnutrition continue to rise. Presently, seven million South Sudanese are in need of lifesaving assistance – deeply affected by conflict, displacement, hunger and a collapsing economy.
Four Years Into Conflict, Rampant Abuse
(Nairobi) – South Sudan’s top officials have failed to make good on promises to establish an African Union-South Sudanese hybrid court to try international crimes committed during the country’s civil war, Human Rights Watch said today. Four years into the conflict, both parties continue to commit grave human rights crimes against civilians.
In South Sudan, “childhood under attack” as country enters fifth year of fighting
JUBA/NAIROBI, December 15 2017 - South Sudan is in the throes of a tragedy for children that affects more than half the child population - victims of malnutrition, disease, forced recruitment, violence and the loss of schooling - UNICEF said in a report released today.
Years of insecurity and upheaval have had a “staggering impact on children”, threatening an entire generation, the report, Childhood under Attack, says.
The numbers tell a grim story:
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JUNE 2018
This is post is part of our climate campaign in Africa. The story has appeared in several news outlets including Associated Press, the New York Times and others.
Earlier this year, South Sudan fell victim to the first famine declared since 2011. Almost six million people are still at risk of starvation. Over 1 million displaced Sudanese are migrating to neighbouring northern Uganda, where they stay in camps for internally displaced people fleeing conflict.
Following the outbreak of violence in Juba in July 2016, the South Sudanese civil war spread from its historic epicentre in Greater Upper Nile to Greater Equatoria (Central, Eastern and Western Equatoria states). Insecurity caused widespread displacement and rendered much of Greater Equatoria largely inaccessible to humanitarian actors. As a result, only limited information is available on the humanitarian situation outside of major displacement sites.
- WFP aid convoy from El Obeid reaches Aweil in South Sudan bringing food for 30,000 people.
- In Sudan, malaria cases have fallen since a spike of 1.2 million in 2014 to nearly 900,000 this year.
- Food security improves throughout most of the country, due to good harvests, FEWS NET.
- In East Jebel Marra locality, about 4,000 children under five receive routine vaccines.
- UN SC Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict commends government efforts to ensure no child is recruited in the armed forces.
No new cases of acute watery diarrhea (AWD) among refugees since September.
7,000 refugees have arrived in North Kordofan since July, as confirmed by UNHCR following recent mission.
Over 4,600 refugees arrive in South Darfur. Relocation from Kafia Kinji to El Radom has begun.
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The past twelve months have seen a sharp rise in the number of people fleeing their homes and in urgent need of emergency food assistance. The conflict continues to take a heavy toll on civilians.
Refugees and IDPs received nonfood items assistance from UNHCR across South Sudan in November 2017.
New arrivals registered in South Sudan in November 2017.
Refugees’ children received Vitamin A in Upper Nile in November 2017
Working with Partners
■ UNHCR works closely with the Government of South Sudan to deliver assistance and protection services to refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs).
Marking four years since the outbreak of South Sudan’s civil war, UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi today appealed for urgent action by all sides to settle the conflict and put an end to the country’s deepening humanitarian crisis and Africa’s largest refugee crisis.
“The world cannot continue to stand by as the people of South Sudan are terrorized by a senseless war,” the head of the UN Refugee Agency, UNHCR, said. Grandi declared that the devastating effects of the fighting were a direct consequence of tragic failures in political leadership.
Examinations for students transitioning from primary to secondary school have kicked off in South Sudan with more than 40,000 taking part across the country.
In the capital Juba, 640 students from five primary schools in the United Nations Protection of Civilians site near the UN base are among those who will take the examinations.
Soccer stars are usually driven by a desire to compete, but in a special match in South Sudan’s capital on Human Rights Day, they used their shared passion for sport to come together in unity.
The football match was one of a number of events on the day, including cultural and traditional performances, promoting the need for greater respect for human rights in a country where there have been many violations and abuses during the four-year civil war.
The Chair of the South Sudan Human Rights Commission, Nyuol Justin Yaac said many people were suffering as a result.
Two victims of a wildfire are receiving life-saving medical attention at the United Nations Mission in South Sudan hospital in Bor, in the Jonglei region of South Sudan.
The two women, who suffered third-degree burns, were caught in the wildfire while collecting grass to thatch their roofs in Kolnyang village.
Mathew Magok, a close relative of one of the victims, thanked the Sri Lankan peacekeepers for the “lifesaving interventions”.
“We are trying to cope with the situation. UNMISS has done its part. They gave us some medicine,” said Magok.