South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2017Ongoing
3.9 million people – nearly one in every three people in South Sudan – were severely food insecure and 3.6 million were considered to be ‘stressed’, in September 2015. An estimated 30,000 people were facing catastrophic food insecurity (IPC Level 5) in Unity State, leading to starvation, death, and destitution. (OCHA, 5 Jan 2016)
At the height of the lean season in July 2016, some 4.8 million people – more than one in every three people in South Sudan – were estimated to be severely food insecure. This number is expected to rise as high as five million in 2017. The food security situation is at the most compromised level since the crisis commenced in 2013 - the combination of conflict, economic crisis and lack of adequate levels of agricultural production have eroded vulnerable households ability to cope. More than one million children under age 5 are estimated to be acutely malnourished, including more than 273,600 who are severely malnourished. (OCHA, 13 Feb 2017)
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions...Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
An estimated 6.01 million (50% of the population) people are expected to be severely food insecure in June-July 2017, compared to 5.5 million (45% of the population) people in May 2017. This is the greatest number of people ever to experience severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3, 4 and 5) in South Sudan. Famine is no longer occurring in Leer and Mayendit counties, and further deterioration was prevented in Koch and Panyijiar counties of former Southern Unity State as a result of immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to the affected population since March 2017...However, in June-July 2017, approximately 45,000 people will still be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe in Leer, Koch, Mayendit in former Unity State and Ayod County in former Jonglei state based on most likely assumptions of continued armed conflict, food shortages associated with seasonality, and humanitarian assistance delivery constraints...Of great concern is former Greater Jonglei State, where food security is rapidly deteriorating, predominantly in the counties of Ayod, Canal/Pigi, Duk, Nyirol and Uror, which are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity, with Ayod having an estimated 20,000 people experiencing Humanitarian Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) at least through July 2017. (IPC, 31 May 2017)
Juba Gumbo Park
Significant decrease (23%) in people transiting through Juba Gumbo Park respect to the previous week (1083 individuals compared to 1401). The overwhelming majority of people moving are youths between 5 and 17 years old (509 ind. - 47%).
Majority of people are moving from Juba (701 individuals - 65% of the total) and they are manly going to Uganda (547 ind. to Refugee Camps and 107 to Kampala). Mainly reasons for Movements are “Shortage of Food” (354 ind. – 50%) and “Insecurity” (142 ind. – 20%).
The members of the Panel of Experts on South Sudan, whose mandate was extended pursuant to Security Council resolution 2353 (2017), have the honour to transmit herewith the Panel’s 120-day report, which was submitted in accordance with paragraph 2 of resolution 2353 (2017), by which the provisions of paragraph 12 (e) of resolution 2290 (2016) were renewed.
The report was provided to the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 2206 (2015) concerning South Sudan on 6 September 2017.
Refugees received vegetable seeds in Upper Nile during the reporting period.
Refugees and IDPs received aid items from UNHCR across South Sudan during the reporting period.
Refugees and IDPs received capacity building training during the reporting period.
Refugees in South Sudan as of 31 August 2017.
For children living in the United Nations Protection of Civilians site at Wau, there is little space to play or to find a quiet place to be alone.
The camp in the Western Bahr El Ghazal region is the most congested in South Sudan with 39,000 internally displaced people sheltering on just 200,000 m2 of land.
WFP assisted 2.9 million people in August with about 27,000 MT of food.
Rapid response mission conducting screening and distributions in Baggari, Southwest of Wau.
Quarterly multi-hazard early warning bulletin released
Intense frustration is building across the aid community that despite its best efforts it has been unable to dent the catastrophic levels of suffering in South Sudan, worsened by war and a political class that doesn’t seem to care.
"Every year we gather and we hold this meeting on South Sudan,” International Organization for Migration chief William Swing said at UN headquarters last week. “The conclusion is always the same: It cannot get any worse. And each year we come back – in fact it has gotten worse.”
The Monaco Red Cross is launching an appeal for solidarity to help curb one of the widest food crises which is currently rife in Africa
Steady rate of new arrivals continues, especially to South Darfur and West Kordofan.
UNHCR pursues protection capacity building for partners in White Nile, South Darfur, and South and West Kordofan.
Improved access to birth registration for refugee children born in Sudan in White Nile and East Darfur.
1,416 New arrivals in September so far
183,516 Total new arrivals in 2017
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Famine phased out, but food security situation still dire across the country
Food insecure caseload estimated at record high 6 million in June 2017
Unfavourable prospects for 2017 crops due to widespread insecurity, large scale displacements and Fall Armyworm infestations
Food prices at exceptionally high levels
Famine phased out, but food security situation still dire
The issue of hunger has aroused great interest among the international community when famine was declared in South Sudan last February. Since then, the United Nations has declared the famine situation officially over. However, the root causes of hunger, and therefore of potential famine situations, are still there. The number of food insecure people is increasing.
North-east Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen are facing devastating humanitarian crises. To avert a humanitarian catastrophe, the United Nations and our partners have dramatically scaled up operations.
Together with the World Bank, the UN is also stepping up cooperation between humanitarian and development partners. By strengthening such links, we aim to not only save lives, but to build people’s resilience to withstand future shocks. But ending conflicts is vital to assure protection of civilians and access to people in need.
Addis Ababa – UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, and IOM, the UN Migration Agency yesterday (21/09) announced that they had assisted the Government of Ethiopia in relocating to camps, more than 100,000 South Sudanese refugees who had, since September 2016, fled renewed conflict in the world’s youngest nation.
1,021 Refugees verified using the Biometric Identity Management System (BIMS) in Juba.
32, 696 Refugees and IDPs received aid items from UNHCR across South Sudan during the reporting period.
9,527 Persons reached with awareness on SGBV prevention and lifesaving messages.
INSIDE SOUTH SUDAN
276,900 Refugees in South Sudan as of 31 August 2017.
Understanding context and conflict drivers related to forced displacement and conditions for voluntary return
A tale of two countries: Different pathways towards refugee self-reliance
80,093 Refugees and IDPs received nonfood items assistance from UNHCR across South Sudan in August 2017
15,456 Refugees reached with awareness on SGBV prevention, hygiene promotion and life-saving messages in August 2017.
1,021 Refugees verified using the Biometric Identity Management System (BIMS) in August.
Main Activities – Refugee Programme
The Dutch government is giving an additional €4 million to She Decides. She Decides is the international initiative launched by development minister Lilianne Ploumen to safeguard access to family planning for millions of women in developing countries in the face of the US government’s Global Gag Rule. This policy cancels US funding for aid organisations if their services include access to or information about safe abortions.
21 septembre 2017 – Le Secrétaire général de l'ONU, António Guterres, a salué jeudi les efforts de la communauté internationale ces derniers mois pour répondre aux menaces de famine au Soudan du Sud, en Somalie, au nord-est du Nigéria et au Yémen, près de sept mois après son appel à l'action.