South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2019Ongoing
3.9 million people – nearly one in every three people in South Sudan – were severely food insecure and 3.6 million were considered to be ‘stressed’, in September 2015. An estimated 30,000 people were facing catastrophic food insecurity (IPC Level 5) in Unity State, leading to starvation, death, and destitution. (OCHA, 5 Jan 2016)
At the height of the lean season in July 2016, some 4.8 million people – more than one in every three people in South Sudan – were estimated to be severely food insecure. This number is expected to rise as high as five million in 2017. The food security situation is at the most compromised level since the crisis commenced in 2013 - the combination of conflict, economic crisis and lack of adequate levels of agricultural production have eroded vulnerable households ability to cope. More than one million children under age 5 are estimated to be acutely malnourished, including more than 273,600 who are severely malnourished. (OCHA, 13 Feb 2017)
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions...Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
An estimated 6.01 million (50% of the population) people are expected to be severely food insecure in June-July 2017, compared to 5.5 million (45% of the population) people in May 2017. This is the greatest number of people ever to experience severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3, 4 and 5) in South Sudan. Famine is no longer occurring in Leer and Mayendit counties, and further deterioration was prevented in Koch and Panyijiar counties of former Southern Unity State as a result of immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to the affected population since March 2017...However, in June-July 2017, approximately 45,000 people will still be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe in Leer, Koch, Mayendit in former Unity State and Ayod County in former Jonglei state based on most likely assumptions of continued armed conflict, food shortages associated with seasonality, and humanitarian assistance delivery constraints...Of great concern is former Greater Jonglei State, where food security is rapidly deteriorating, predominantly in the counties of Ayod, Canal/Pigi, Duk, Nyirol and Uror, which are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity, with Ayod having an estimated 20,000 people experiencing Humanitarian Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) at least through July 2017. (IPC, 31 May 2017)
In September 2017, 6 million people were in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5), which corresponded to 56% of the total population. As for October to December 2017, the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) are expected to drop to 4.8 million (45% of the total population. However, this figure includes a doubled number of people classified in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) compared to the same time last year, and 25,000 people still experiencing catastrophic conditions and extreme food gaps. (IPC, 6 Nov 2017)
WFP resumed the integrated rapid response mechanism (IRRM) and currently has seven teams deployed in Bilkey, Nyandit, Kurwai, Jaibor, Chuil, Buot and Ulang, providing life-saving food and nutrition assistance to around 96,633 people, including 17,370 children under the age of five. WFP plans to deploy an additional 26 missions in the coming six weeks, targeting close to 400,000. (WFP, 8 Jan 2018)
An estimated 5.3 million people, 48 percent of the population, are currently facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food insecurity, despite the harvest and continued large-scale assistance. (FEWSNET, 22 Mar 2018)
In September 2018, 6.1 million people (59% of the total population) are facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). During the post-harvest period October-December 2018, the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC Phase 3 and above) is expected to reduce to 4.4 million (43% of the total population), out of which 26,000 will be experiencing catastrophic conditions (IPC Phase 5) and extreme food gaps. By January-March 2019, 5.2 million people (49% of the total population) are estimated to continue to face acute food insecurity, with 36,000 people in catastrophic conditions (IPC Phase 5). (IPC, 5 Dec 2018)
In the current analysis period of January 2019, 6.17 million people (54% of the population) are estimated to have faced Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity or worse, out of which 1.36 million people faced Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity and 30,000 faced Catastrophe (IPC phase 5). In the projection period of February to April 2019, and in the presence of Humanitarian Food Assistance (HFA), a total of 6.45 million people (57% of the population) will face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity or worse, with an estimated 45,000 people in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). (IPC, 31 Jan 2019)
Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes persist throughout South Sudan, and some households are likely in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). According to the May IPC analysis, an estimated 6.96 million people are estimated to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse outcomes through the July/August peak of the lean season in the presence of already planned humanitarian assistance. Food security will improve somewhat in late 2019 with the harvest, though Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse outcomes will remain widespread. A risk of Famine (IPC Phase 5) will also persist.(FEWS NET, 27 Jun 2019)
Most read reports
- USAID: South Sudan - Crisis Fact Sheet #8, Fiscal Year (FY) 2019. 18 Jul 2019
- Logistics Cluster: South Sudan: Physical Access Constraints Map as of 19 July 2019. 19 Jul 2019
- OCHA: South Sudan Situation Report, 19 July 2019. 19 Jul 2019
- IOM: South Sudan — Biometric Registration Update (June 2019). 19 Jul 2019
- USAID: USG Humanitarian Assistance to South Sudan Crisis (Last Updated: 07/18/19). 18 Jul 2019
IOM’s biometric registration system has been active since 2014, with 821,278 beneficiaries active in its database to date, out of which 56% (460,569 individuals) are women; and 60.8% (499,264 individuals) are under 18 years old. Since August 2018, IOM and the World Food Programme (WFP) are collaborating on the project "Enhancing targeted food distribution through biometric data management" seeking to contribute to increased food security throughout South Sudan.
High-level delegation led by the Humanitarian Coordinator visits Yei to see Ebola preparedness and response efforts
Ebola preparedness and response activities heighten as a case is confirmed near the South Sudan border
Humanitarian Fund brings change in the lives of 2.9 million people
More than 3,300 internally displaced people return to Baliet County, Upper Nile
Almost 7 million people facing critical lack of food
Spontaneous South Sudanese refugee returns from Sudan continue in July
Bureaucratic impediments restrict humanitarian operations in Central Equatoria, Jonglei
Yei was South Sudan’s second biggest town before the civil war forced people out of the country in 2016. Three years later, conditions in Uganda’s refugee settlements and a hope of peace push people to return.
Finn Church Aid’s (FCA) operations in South Sudan expand into the country’s war-torn Equatoria region. Yei town is the main centre of Yei River County, which was heavily affected by fighting since 2016.
This catalogue presents multi-sectoral profiles for all assessed IDP camps and camp-like settings in South Sudan, based on DTM’s Mobility Tracking Round 5 data (data collection March 2019). Please use the interactive table of contents to navigate the report.
SNFI team had more than 2 meetings with community representatives to inform about the process and receive feedback from the community
Empowered community members
SNFI interventions have community involvement at its core and engage members in all activities from verification of beneficiaries to construction. Adjusted the intervention because of community feedback, thus far SNFI interventions are right sized to the requirements of the community and adjusted as necessary to fit the actual circumstances on ground
The overall number of internally displaced people (IDPs) in South Sudan stood at 1.83 million.1 Eastern Equatoria, Warrap, Upper Nile and Western Bahr el Ghazal saw increases in the number of IDPs compared to May (30, 18, 3 and 2 per cent respectively), mostly due to insecurity related to communal clashes and cattle raids. The first headcount in the Malakal Protection of Civilians site since February increased the site population by about 8,000 individuals, in part due to spontaneous refugee returns to the site from Sudan.
The assessment team comprises of Eight (8) Inter-Agency Working Group Members namely, CARE International, Plan International, FAO, WFP, INTERSOS, NCA, Health Link South Sudan, The Eye of Mercy South Sudan, and Brac South Sudan representing the following Clusters – Protection (GBV, Child Protection and General Protection), Health, Food Security and Livelihood, Shelter/NFIs, and Nutrition. The team moved in four (5) vehicles availed by FAO, WFP, Plan International, INTERSOS, and NCA.
Lasu Payam has a market which operates only twice in a week, with limited foodstuffs and basic NFI items. Secondly, the population’s purchasing power is intensely affected.
According to household interviews, 90% of host community support themselves through agricultural activities or communal farming, whereas, returnees & IDPs support themselves mainly by borrowing from the host community households and sharing household items especially saucepans and food.
The host community are sleeping in tukuls made out of local materials.
12 July 2019, Juba - The Royal Norwegian Embassy in South Sudan and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), today announced the signing of a three-year partnership agreement to implement a new project, Governance and Economic Management Support (GEMS), for the implementation of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS) across the country.
The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) is a global norm, unanimously adopted by heads of state and government at the 2005 UN World Summit, aimed at preventing and halting Genocide, War Crimes, Ethnic Cleansing and Crimes Against Humanity. R2P stipulates that:
» Every State has the Responsibility to Protect its populations from the four mass atrocity crimes (Pillar I).
» The wider international community has the responsibility to encourage and assist individual States in meeting that responsibility (Pillar II).
IOM’s biometric registration system has been active since 2014, with over 776,000 beneficiaries active in its database to date. Since August 2018, IOM and the World Food Programme (WFP) are collaborating on the project “Enhancing targeted food distribution through biometric data management” seeking to contribute to increased food security throughout South Sudan. Under this collaboration, IOM is responsible for checking the eligibility of households receiving assistance through fingerprint authentication at selected distribution sites.
July 11, 2019 (THE VATICAN) – The Italian Bishops’ conference at The Vatican in Italy announced on Tuesday that it had donated up to 1million euros in support of the people in war-torn South Sudan.
South Sudan, Caritas Italiana said in a release, still suffers one of the worst humanitarian crises, eight years after it got its independence.
Abdul-Rahim Abdulai PHD Student, @Feeding9Blilion Research Lab, Department of Geography, Environment and Geomatics/Arrell Food Institute, University of Guelph
Emily Duncan Ph.D. Student, University of Guelph
Evan Fraser Professor, Director of the Arrell Food Institute and Tier 1 Canada Research Chair in Global Food Security, University of Guelph
DTM’s Flow Monitoring Registry (FMR) surveys people on the move at key transit points within South Sudan (SSD) and at its borders. It provides an insight into mobility trends, migration drivers and traveller profiles to inform programming by humanitarian and development partners and by the government. In total, 35 Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) were active in May 2019, surveying internal flows and cross-border travel with Uganda (UGA), the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Sudan (SDN) and the Central African Republic (CAR).
By James Reinl
UNITED NATIONS, Jul 11 2019 (IPS) - The United Nations has warned of drought, disease and war preventing farmers from producing enough food for millions of people across Africa and other regions, leading to the need for major aid operations.