South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2018Ongoing
3.9 million people – nearly one in every three people in South Sudan – were severely food insecure and 3.6 million were considered to be ‘stressed’, in September 2015. An estimated 30,000 people were facing catastrophic food insecurity (IPC Level 5) in Unity State, leading to starvation, death, and destitution. (OCHA, 5 Jan 2016)
At the height of the lean season in July 2016, some 4.8 million people – more than one in every three people in South Sudan – were estimated to be severely food insecure. This number is expected to rise as high as five million in 2017. The food security situation is at the most compromised level since the crisis commenced in 2013 - the combination of conflict, economic crisis and lack of adequate levels of agricultural production have eroded vulnerable households ability to cope. More than one million children under age 5 are estimated to be acutely malnourished, including more than 273,600 who are severely malnourished. (OCHA, 13 Feb 2017)
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions...Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
An estimated 6.01 million (50% of the population) people are expected to be severely food insecure in June-July 2017, compared to 5.5 million (45% of the population) people in May 2017. This is the greatest number of people ever to experience severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3, 4 and 5) in South Sudan. Famine is no longer occurring in Leer and Mayendit counties, and further deterioration was prevented in Koch and Panyijiar counties of former Southern Unity State as a result of immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to the affected population since March 2017...However, in June-July 2017, approximately 45,000 people will still be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe in Leer, Koch, Mayendit in former Unity State and Ayod County in former Jonglei state based on most likely assumptions of continued armed conflict, food shortages associated with seasonality, and humanitarian assistance delivery constraints...Of great concern is former Greater Jonglei State, where food security is rapidly deteriorating, predominantly in the counties of Ayod, Canal/Pigi, Duk, Nyirol and Uror, which are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity, with Ayod having an estimated 20,000 people experiencing Humanitarian Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) at least through July 2017. (IPC, 31 May 2017)
In September 2017, 6 million people were in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5), which corresponded to 56% of the total population. As for October to December 2017, the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) are expected to drop to 4.8 million (45% of the total population. However, this figure includes a doubled number of people classified in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) compared to the same time last year, and 25,000 people still experiencing catastrophic conditions and extreme food gaps. (IPC, 6 Nov 2017)
WFP resumed the integrated rapid response mechanism (IRRM) and currently has seven teams deployed in Bilkey, Nyandit, Kurwai, Jaibor, Chuil, Buot and Ulang, providing life-saving food and nutrition assistance to around 96,633 people, including 17,370 children under the age of five. WFP plans to deploy an additional 26 missions in the coming six weeks, targeting close to 400,000. (WFP, 8 Jan 2018)
An estimated 5.3 million people, 48 percent of the population, are currently facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food insecurity, despite the harvest and continued large-scale assistance. (FEWSNET, 22 Mar 2018)
Maps & Infographics
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- South Sudan Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 04 | 30 April 2018
In 2018, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in South Sudan must respond to the highest levels of food insecurity ever recorded in the country. To address this challenge, FAO revised its multiyear Emergency Livelihood Response Programme (ELRP) to enable rapid food production among the most vulnerable communities, protect their livelihoods and reduce dependency on humanitarian aid while building their resilience.
*Proportion of assessed settlements that reported access to the preferred water source has not been possible due to safety fears (according to REACH AOK data)
*Proportion of assessed settlements that reported no one used a latrine (according to REACH AOK data)
*Proportion of assessed settlements that reported the major health problem was malaria (according to REACH AoK data)
*Proportion of assessed settlements that reported there was a borehole present (according to REACH AoK data)
*Proportion of assessed settlements that reported the accessible borehole was not functional (according to REACH AoK data)
*Proportion of assessed settlements that reported the major health problem was typhoid, cholera or diarrhoea (according to REACH AoK data)
*Proportion of assessed settlements that reported preferred water source is available during both wet and dry seasons (according to REACH AOK data)
*Proportion of assessed settlements that reported animals consume the same source of drinking water as people (according to REACH AoK data)
2,472,625*: Total South Sudanese refugees in the region as of 31 April(pre- and post-Dec 2013 caseload)
10,274*: South Sudanese refugee arrivals in April, based on field reports as of 30 April
296,748: Refugees in South Sudan and 1.76 million IDPs including 202,154 in UNMISS Protection of Civilians sites.
63% of the South Sudanese refugee population are children (under the age of 18 years old)
162.5 Acres of land ploughed and 110 fuel efficient stoves built using local materials by refugees in Upper Nile and Unity
36,000+ Refugee children received polio vaccination during April 2018.
16,000+ Refugees received their ID cards (majority in Doro refugee camp) following a verification exercise.
Working with Partners in 2018
Displacement continues to affect Afghanistan with over 27,000 new IDPs in the past week. Conflict is the primary reason for displacement, although drought and food insecurity are other important reasons.
Conflict has displaced some 10,000 people in Ghazni, while some 4,000 people have been displaced to Kabul and Bamyan. Other significant population movements have recently been reported in Farah due to shifting territorial control, and in Hirat and Kandahar provinces due to drought.
• UN Humanitarian Chief urges parties to cease hostilities, protect civilians and aid workers.
• Partners scale-up cholera prevention campaigns to mitigate the risk of outbreaks during the current rainy season.
• Detained aid workers released, NGO suspends operation due to insecurity.
• Armed groups release more than 200 children in Pibor.
• Over 20,000 South Sudanese have fled insecurity and hunger to Ethiopia as refugees since January 2018.
During the first quarter of 2018, about 1,200 people were displaced as a result of internal fighting between SLA-AW factions in East Jebel Marra locality in November and December 2017 and arrived in Otash camp, South Darfur. There have been reports of displacement as a result of fighting between Government forces and non-state actors in East Jebel Marra.
JUBA, 22 May 2018 – the Government of Japan and UNIDO welcome Ministry of Industry, Trade and EAC, having developed a set of import and export guidelines for goods, including processed foods and food products.
The guidelines, presented today for validation at an event in Juba, were prepared under UNIDO’s project “Increased resilience and self-help capacities for reconstruction of livelihoods and sustained nutritional food security in South Sudan” funded by the Government of Japan. The project, worth around USD 500,000, commenced in April 2017.
The main objective of the mission was to assess the current humanitarian situation in Boma and to provide recommendations on a possible humanitarian response.
Following are the specific objectives of the joint rapid assessment:
Context and Methodology
Renk Town is located in Renk County, Upper Nile State, near South Sudan’s border with Sudan. Since independance in 2011, Renk has become a major destination and transit point for returnees from Sudan and, since the beginning of the current conflict in 2013, for internally displaced persons (IDPs) fleeing conflict in Upper Nile State.