Burundi: Cholera Outbreak - Jul 2016
The cholera epidemic hit Kabezi and Muha communes on 27 July 2016. As of 19 August, 100 cases of hospitalization are registered, although 80 people have returned cured. (Croix-Rouge du Burundi, 19 Aug 2016)
On 3 August the Ministry of Health declared a cholera epidemic and as of 8 September there were 193 reported cases and 1 death. In order to meet these needs, the IFRC revised appeal will change the Health and Care component to support BRCS with their cholera response. (IFRC, 17 Oct 2016)
On 9 December 2016, the Ministry of Health announced the end of the cholera epidemic, confirming that the total amount of cholera cases were 364 with two deaths since 3 August 2016. (Gov't of Burundi, 12 Dec 2016) Nonetheless, IFRC's cholera response operation continues until March 2017, as to enhance BRCS’s logistics capacity and to ensure the emergency appeal achieves its objectives; furthermore, UNICEF confirmed a new cholera outbreak, which started on 30 December 2016, in the Province of Cibitoke. To date, 169 cases have been reported, among which 105 are children (MoH, 30 January 2017). All patients were treated and released from the Cholera Treatment Center. (UNICEF, 31 Jan 2017)
As of 17 February, 169 cases have been notified and treated in Citiboke, with no deaths reported. The last reported case was on 30 January. The Cholera Treatment Centre remains open and medical inputs are available. (OCHA, 28 Feb 2017)
As of 31 March, UNICEF reported that there were no new cases of cholera since 30 January. As part of the cholera prevention and response plan, UNICEF and its partners continued the emergency water supply and the cholera awareness campaign in the affected commune of Rugombo. Approximately 5,000 households (about 25,000 people) were covered by house to house outreach sessions of hygiene promotion. (UNICEF, 31 Mar 2017)
In 2017, a total of 43,444 under-five children with severe acute malnutrition (22,524 girls and 20,920 boys) were admitted and treated in health facilities across the country;
UNICEF supported the Minister of Health’s response to cholera through the provision of cholera treatment kits for total of 336 cases;
48,835 affected people accessed safe and clean water with UNICEF support, and 172,000 people received hygiene supplies and life-saving information in areas affected by malaria and cholera;
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 12-18 November 2017 and includes updates on Legionnaires' disease, influenza, West Nile fever, chikungunya, yellow fever, plague, monkeypox, marburg virus disease, malaria and cholera.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 46 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
Plague in Madagascar
Marburg virus disease in Uganda
Cholera in Tanzania
Cholera in north-east Nigeria
Necrotizing cellulitis/fasciitis in São Tomé and Príncipe
Humanitarian crisis in South Sudan.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 44 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
Dengue fever in Senegal
Dengue fever in Burkina Faso
Plague in Madagascar
Marburg virus disease in Uganda
Yellow fever in Nigeria
Humanitarian Crisis in Central African Republic
As the new school year started, UNICEF Tanzania has procured new Burundian textbooks and learning materials for more than 38,000 refugee children in grades 1-5 to ensure quality learning and teaching in three camps in North West Tanzania.
In response to a cholera outbreak in parts of Kigoma region in early September, UNICEF provided 506,940 water guard tablets to 20,845 people and water quality test kits to the Regional Medical Officer in the Government Regional Secretariat.
The Regional Director is pleased to present this report on the work of WHO in the African Region for the period January 2016 to June 2017. The report outlines the significant achievements made under the six categories in the 12th General Programme of Work in supporting health development in Member States in the African Region. It reflects contributions from WHO country offices and the Regional Office, including the Intercountry Support Teams.
• UNICEF, in collaboration with partners, supported the administering of examinations for 1,317 Burundian students, among whom 708 (59.2%) passed their exams and will receive official certificates issued by the National Examination Council that will be internationally recognized.
• Since the beginning of January 2017, the number of malaria cases has reached over 4.2 million people (with 1,891 deaths); UNICEF contributed to the National Malaria Response Plan with the provision of malaria drugs and diagnostic kits, and community mobilisation activities for an amount of about US$ 3.6 million.
The Burundi Red Cross, jointly with the ICRC, held a 5-day training on emergency water treatment from Monday 6 June 2017. This capacity building training was organized for 20 volunteers from communes of the province of Cibitoke, provincial coordinators for civil protection and health promotion in the provinces of Bubanza and Cibitoke.
Final examinations for 1,323 Burundian refugee children who missed out in last years’ exams due to displacement, were held in March 2017 for grades 9/10 and 13/14 in all three camps. The final grades from these exams will be sent to students in May 2017.
Since January 2017, UNICEF has provided scholastic supplies for 76,156 Burundi and Congolese primary school children as well as all teaching supplies covering all three camps.
With over 8 million malaria cases in 2016 and almost 2 million to date this year, the Ministry of Health has officially declared the malaria outbreak in Burundi on 13 March and is seeking support from the international community for preventing and treating malaria.
The night of 16 March was a nightmare for city dwellers on the outskirts of the Burundian capital due to the torrential rain. The most affected areas are in the Ntahangwa commune border with the commune of Mutimbuzi of the province known as Bujumbura Rurale. For the only zone, the Burundi Red Cross volunteers identified more than 100 houses destroyed. Likewise in 2014, the sites of Carama, Gahahe and Gatunguru have been swept away by debris coming from the hills overlooking the city of Bujumbura.
Nearly one in ten people is severely food insecure
SAM rates surpass the critical threshold of 2% in Kirundo
Malaria outbreak in Burundi: more than 9 million cases and over 4,000 deaths since January 2017
CERF supports food security and protection (DTM) sectors with US$3.5 million
Nearly one million more people affected by food insecurity in 2 months
Burundi is experiencing a multidimensional socio-economic crisis impacting different sectors and aspect of livelihoods, which has led to displacement and food insecurity. The violence that ensued after president Nkurunziza’s bid for a third term in office in 2015 triggered an exodus. More than 390 000 Burundians have fled the country and another 146 000 are reportedly internally displaced.
Tanzania is host to largest number of Burundian refugees in the region. 298,439 refugees from Burundi and the DRC are sheltered in three refugee camps in northern Tanzania.
The current influx of refugees into Tanzania from Burundi averages between 600 and 700 people per day.
Children are bearing the brunt of the crisis, as 57 per cent of the Burundian and DRC refugee population is under the age of 18 and 22 per cent are under five.
The Burundi Red Cross remains committed to the merciless struggle against cholera and dirty hand diseases. It is in this perspective that, in partnership with the ICRC, it rehabilitated 7 km of water conveyance in the Nyanza-Lac commune of province of Makamba. This hydraulic network, with a flow of 1.3 liters per second, serves 1253 households of 6265 people from Nyabigina Hill. It has its source on Murandamutsi hill. The inauguration of this infrastructure was held this Tuesday, February 21, 2016 at the chief city of Nyabigina hill.
This report has been developed collectively with humanitarian partners in the region to inform preparedness and advocacy efforts to mitigate and manage humanitarian risk in the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes region*. It presents a three-month trend analysis from October to December 2016 and a humanitarian outlook from January to March 2017. It is the sixth report in the series and updates the previous scenario report which was published in October 2016.
Regional Trends: October-December 2016
• In Bujumbura-Mairie province, UNICEF and partners advocacy contributed to the release of 76 children (63 boys, 13 girls) who benefited from psychosocial support. 24 of the children (17 boys, 7 girls) also received temporary emergency care.
• A new cholera outbreak started on 30 December 2016 in the Province of Cibitoke. To date, 169 cases have been reported, among which 105 are children (MoH, 30 January 2017). All patients were treated and released from the Cholera Treatment Center.
ET CHIFFRES CLES
La population du Burundi est de plus en plus affectée par l’impact de la situation socio-économique et la détérioration des conditions de vie. Les besoins humanitaires sont de plus en plus visibles : la communauté humanitaire au Burundi estime que le nombre de personnes ayant besoin d’assistance humanitaire immédiate, y compris l’accès urgent aux services essentiels de base et à des moyens de subsistance, a presque triplé entre février et octobre 2016, passant de 1,1 million à environ 3 millions de personnes.