Afghanistan: Avalanches and Floods - Jan 2017
On 25 January, heavy snowfall and freezing weather has killed 27 children in a remote district of northern Afghanistan. (RFE, 26 Jan 2017)
A large number of avalanche, snowfall and rain-related disasters were reported around Afghanistan between 4-7 February, with 22 out of 34 provinces reported to have been affected. Provinces with casualties and significant damage to homes and livelihoods included Badakhshan (several districts), Balkh (Chimtal), Faryab (Pashtun Kot, Kohistanat), Samangan (Darisuf Bala), Sar-i-Pul (Sozmaqala, Sayad and Balkhab), Hirat (Adraksan), Badghis (Nahya Four and Ab Kamari), Nangarhar (several districts), Paktia (several districts), Khost (several districts), Helmand (Lashkar Gah), Kandahar (Kandahar City), Bamiyan, Daykundi, Parwan and Kapisa (all several districts). (OCHA, 8 Feb 2017)
Badakhshan and Nooristan provinces were severely hit by two avalanches, resulting in causalities and destruction of houses followed by flash floods on 18 February that had significantly impacted in Herat, Zabul and Nimroz provinces. An estimated 6,752 families were reportedly affected across Afghanistan, with 194 deaths, and 90 persons sustaining injuries in various parts of the country. The majority of the reported caseloads have been assessed, with a total 2,010 families in need of assistance, while the distribution of relief items is underway and expected to be completed by 02 March 2017. (IOM, 25 Feb 2017)
As of 23 February, several homes had been destroyed or swept away by flood waters, and over 20,000 hectares of arable land had been submerged in flood water. An estimated 3,000 people have been affected and displaced by flooding in both Chakhansur and Khashrod districts. Affected populations are in dire need of humanitarian assistance. Some of the affected were already vulnerable prior to the flooding. Many were either internally displaced or returnees from Iran. Access to families affected in Chakhansur district is currently difficult due to high flood waters that have prevented access by road to affected people (ACAPS, 2 Mar 2017)
• Nearly 213,000 undocumented Afghans return from Iran and Pakistan
• Increasing violence results in approximately 2,300 civilian casualties from January to March
• USG provides nearly $62 million in humanitarian assistance to respond to acute needs across Afghanistan in FY 2018
• Conflict displaces approximately 438,000 Afghans from January 1–December 19, 2017
• GoA, humanitarian agencies to address winter needs of 78,000 households
• Afghanistan HRP requests $430 million to assist approximately 2.8 million people
1. General Overview:
I. During the last winter season (2016/2017), 33 out of 34 provinces were affected by extreme weather conditions that included heavy snowfall, avalanches and rain related disasters.
II. According to OCHA, from January to August 2017, there have been 144 persons killed and 125 injured due to natural disasters, with almost 50,000 persons affected in total, mostly by floods. More than 12,000 were affected by avalanches or heavy snowfall.
• Conflict displaces nearly 270,000 Afghans from January–September 2017
• Deteriorating security conditions hinder access to displaced populations in hard-to-reach areas
• Armed groups target health care workers and facilities
UN report says natural disasters to become more destructive in Asia-Pacific without action on disaster resilience
Natural disasters are becoming more frequent and intense and disaster risk is outpacing resilience in Asia-Pacific, the most disaster-prone region in the world, according to the latest report by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
As per initial report by ANDMA; 10 families were affected by flood in Narry districts. ARCs conduct household assessment, 31 families were found affected and eligible for humanitarian assistance. ARCs distributed NFIs to 31 families, ANDMA request PU-AMI to distribute cash for food to the affected families.
As per initial information obtained from ANDMA; 138 families were affected by flood in twelve districts, three person were killed and two sustained injuries. The joint assessment team consisted of IOM, ARCs, IRC, IMC, WFP, ANDMA, NRC and SCI conduct assessment on 26-29 August and identified 141 families in need of NFIs and food items. IOM distributed NFIs and family tents to 63 families while the remaining verified families were assisted by ARCs, IRC, IMC, WFP, ANDMA, NRC and SCI.
In keeping with previous years, humanitarian response has continued to be defined by conflict in the first half of 2017 with equally unacceptably high numbers of civilian casualties (‐1 percent) and a steady rise in armed clashes (+4 percent) if compared to the same period last year, despite an overall reduction in displacement (‐15 percent).
As per initial reports obtained from ANDMA on 14 August, as a result of flood; seven families were reportedly affected and two persons were killed in Matun, Tani, Mosa khail and Nader sha kot districts. The join assessment team consisting of ANDMA, IRC, CARE, RRD and ARCS conduct assessment on 15 August and identified 16 families in need of NFIs and food items. ANDMA will distribute NFIs and food items to all affected families. The assessment in Mosa Khail district is still pending due to security constraints.
As per initial reports obtained from ANDMA on 14 August, as a result of flood; seven families were reportedly affected and two persons were killed in Matun, Tani, Mosa khail and Nader sha kot districts. The join assessment team consisting of ANDMA, IRC, CARE, RRD and ARCS initiated assessment on 15 August in the mentioned districts except Mosa Khail district. The assessment in Mosa Khail district is pending due to security concerns, the results of the assessment will be available once the teams return from the field.
As per initial reports obtained from ANDMA on 28 July, as a result of flood; 45 families were reportedly affected in Orgon, Zerok and Gayan district. The flood mainly impacted crops, orchards and agriculture lands with few houses reportedly partially damaged. Access is not possible to the affected areas due to security concerns. The reports are being verified by ANDMA and once verified, an assessment team including will be deployed for the assessment of the area.
• Conflict-induced displacement in 2017 decreased 25 percent compared to the same period in 2016 • UNAMA reports record-high numbers of child casualties • Health and nutrition remain key concerns among relief actors
As per initial report obtained from ANDMA on 29 June, six families were reportedly affected by flood in Asadabad, Narang, Chwkay, Khas Kuner and Dara-e-Peach districts, Joint Assessment team consisting of IOM, ANDMA, IMC, RRD, RI and NRC deployed to the affected area, the team identify 29 affected famiies in need of relief items, IMC distribute NFI, while WFP and ANDMA distributed food items.
As per initial report obtained from ANDMA on 29 June, six families were reportedly affected by flood in Asadabad, Narang, Chwkay, Khas Kuner and Dara-e-Peach districts, Joint Assessment= team consisting of IOM, ANDMA, IMC, RRD, RI and NRC deployed to the affected area, The exact number of the affected families will be reported once the assessment is concluded.
Natural Disaster Update
As result of flood and heavy rainfall on 12 May, an known number of families were reportedly affected in Waras district. A joint assessment consist of IOM, WFP, ARCs and district authority conducted an assessment between 18 to 24 May,. The team found 35 affected families in need of relief items. On 13 June, IOM distributed family, blanket and emergency shelter modules to 35 affected families.