Afghanistan: Avalanches, Floods and Landslides - Feb 2015
As 5 Apr 2015, an estimated 8,827 families had been affected by floods, rain, heavy snow and avalanches in 137 districts in 24 provinces since 1 Feb. A total of 291 people were killed and 96 people were injured. 1,454 houses were completely destroyed and 7,119 houses were damaged. (OCHA, 5 Apr 2015)
On 28 Apr, a landslide buried the remote village of Jerow-Bala in the Khwahan district of Badakhshan province, killing 52 people, mostly women and children, and leaving 237 families without shelter. (OCHA, 30 Apr 2015)
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Humanitarian access remains a significant challenge countrywide
Natural disasters affect fewer people in 2016 than in 2015
Donors contribute 29 percent of funding requested in 2016 HRP
Security conditions across Afghanistan have deteriorated in recent months, increasing the number of people displaced within the country and further constraining already limited access to crisis-affected populations.
Ongoing conflict and frequent natural disasters continue to displace populations and generate significant humanitarian needs throughout Afghanistan. The UN estimates that natural disasters, such as ava-lanches and floods, affect 250,000 Afghans each year, while armed conflict, displacement, and malnutrition affect nearly 8 million people.
Civilian deaths in Afghanistan in 2015 surpass previous record
UNAMA documents increasing attacks on health facilities and personnel
Increased precipitation in March signals an improved agro-climatic outlook, raises flooding concerns
1) Natural disaster events include avalanches, extreme winter conditions, flooding, heavy rainfall, landslides & mudflows, and heavy snowfall as recorded by OCHA field offices and IOM Afghanistan Humanitarian Assistance Database (HADB).
2) A natural disaster incident is defined as an event that has affected (i.e. impacted) Afghans, who may or may not require humanitarian assistance.
The European Union's current humanitarian actions in Pakistan focus on several separate but interrelated crises:
Support for people affected by the conflict in the northwest, where over one million people are presently displaced. The on-going complex emergency remains underfunded with little media attention and is classified by the European Commission as a Forgotten Crisis.
Total affected population: 8.1 million
Total affected children (under 18): 4.6 million
Total people to be reached in 2016: 1.8 million
Total children to be reached in 2016: 944,000
**2016 programme targets**
With a population of almost 200 million, Pakistan faces a multitude of interlinked challenges:
Estimation of 1 161 248 people still in displacement due to military operations against non-state armed groups. Most of the IDPs have sought refuge in the adjoining districts in Pakistan, but also across the border in Afghanistan. In 2015, 660 540 IDPs returned to their place of origin.
- Earthquake affects 134,000 people; USAID partners lead response
- Humanitarian need increases significantly due to conflict and natural disaster
- IDPs exceed 1 million
Key outcomes for the Worst Affected Areas Ghor Province:
FCS: 75.9% borderline and poor
HHS: 27% moderate and severer
Post - Harvest 2013
FCS: 53% borderline and poor
HHS: 14.1% moderate and severer
CS: 5 GAM: 5.3
Summary of Causes, Context and Key Issues
Good rainfall has contributed to improved harvest and livestock body condition in most of the provinces. Besides, availability of diverse nutritious food reduces market dependency.
Uruzgan, Oct 2015 – The village of Qadam Shahli is split right down the middle by a river. For years, the only way people from one side could visit family members living on the other was via a little wooden bridge.
Even that was not always possible because spring floods would wash the bridge away, leaving half the village cut off, not only from their relatives but also from the market, hospital, school and government services of the nearest town.
Taliban seizes control of Kunduz, exacerbating insecurity
Ongoing attacks on civilians and aid workers hinder humanitarian access
Numbers of IDPs, returnees, and food- insecure households surge
USAID/OFDA commits an additional $16 million to support relief efforts ￼
On 28 September, the Taliban launched a major offensive in the northeast, focusing on Kunduz city, the capital of Kunduz province. On 4 October, Taliban forces also attacked Maimana, capital of Faryab province, but were pushed back by Afghan forces with US- led coalition air support. As of 12 October, Afghan forces have reportedly regained control of most of Kunduz, but fighting continues in and around the city.
El Salvador: More than 100,000 farmers are estimated to be affected by crop losses due to a prolonged dry-spell. Up to 60% of the total maize crop has been lost in the affected areas. An estimated 156,000 people are facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes, mainly in eastern and western regions.
The present report is submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 68/11 and Security Council resolution 2210 (2015), in which I was requested to report every three months on developments in Afghanistan.
Bangladesh: 1.5 million people are affected by flooding, which has displaced around 320,000 people in the areas of Cox's Bazar, Chittagong, and Bandarban. Shelter, WASH and food security are key priorities. 15 out 24 rivers are over danger levels as heavy rainfall continues.
Libya: An estimated 2,244 people have died this year as a result of conflict, and nearly one-third of the country’s population is affected. Humanitarian access remains severely restricted.
Issue 32 of the Afghanistan Research Newsletter is now available on the Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit’s (AREU) website. Newsletter 32 is the second issue published since the quarterly newsletter was revived in 2015 and the first of many to come.
Snapshot 9–15 September 2015
Afghanistan: The number of severely food insecure has risen to 1.5 million people, according to a new assessment. 7.3 million people are moderately food insecure. Food security among IDPs is worsening, with around 200,000 people reported to be in need of immediate assistance.