West Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017Ongoing
In DR Congo, since mid-December 2016, fall armyworms have destroyed thousands of hectares of maize and rice crops in the southeastern provinces Haut-Katanga, Haut-Lomami, Lualaba, Tanganyika and Sud Kivu (OCHA 15/02/2017). 63,000 hectares have been destroyed, which represents over 80% of maize production in the territories along the Zambian border (OCHA 15/02/2017; Straitstimes 26/02/2017). Taking into account the speed at which the worms spread, it is highly likely that other neighbouring provinces, especially Nord-Kivu, Ituri, Maniema and Kasai, are already affected. The extent of the spread would result in a significant impact on the local corn production (FEWSNET 28/02/2017).(ACAPS, 23 Mar 2017)
As of August 2017, the spread of fall armyworms has destroyed crops in 50 out of the country’s 145 territories. Between 50 to 80 percent of people in some of the areas affected by hunger struggle to make ends meet and to have something to eat. In several areas, people only eat once a day, and their meals – based on corn, cassava or potatoes - do not meet their daily nutritional and calorie needs. Much of the recent deterioration is down to the worsening plight of people in Kasaï. (WFP, FAO, 14 Aug 2017)
In Ghana, armyworms have ravaged around 1.4 million hectares of maize and cowpea plantations in six regions (Ashanti, Brong Ahafo, Central, Western, Eastern and the Northern). In Ashanti, some 6,400 hectares of cocoa farms have also been affected. Although the infestations occur every year, experts say that this year’s outbreak is unprecedented and have urged quick action to curb further destruction as food security and livelihoods of several households is threatened. Officials from the National Disaster Management Organisation have begun distributing pesticides and a national taskforce has been set up to oversee the control of the infestation. (OCHA, 22 May 2017)
In Cameroon, as of late August, the Ministry of Agriculture informed that the fall armyworm pest had infested 6 of the central African state’s 10 regions. Armyworms have been a serious threat to food security in the country because cereals like maize, sorghum, rice and legume plants like cow-pea, peanuts and beans are increasingly being attacked every day. (VOA, 29 Aug 2017)
Note de l'auteur Cet article fait partie d’un projet spécial traitant des conséquences du changement climatique sur la sécurité alimentaire et sur les moyens de subsistance des petits paysans au Kenya, au Nigeria, au Sénégal et au Zimbabwe
HARARE, 14 septembre 2017
Mon frère est un agriculteur zimbabwéen qui s’en sortait plutôt bien, mais c’est aujourd’hui un homme inquiet. La saison dernière, un nuisible vorace a englouti une bonne partie de son maïs et il craint le pire pour la prochaine saison de croissance, qui commence en novembre.
Fall armyworm, or FAW, is new to Africa but has made an immediate impact. The caterpillar, originally from Latin America, was first detected in Nigeria in January 2016. By January 2017 it had reached South Africa – spreading officially to 24 countries within a year on a lightening journey down the continent.
Read more on IRIN.
As Minister of Agriculture appeals for enhanced FAO support to manage crop diseases in Nigeria
5th September 2017, Abuja - The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the United Nation and the Government of Nigeria have signed a Technical Cooperation Project (TCP) agreement as part of enhanced joint effort to manage the spread of the Fall Armyworm (FAW) across the country.
Across the Lake Chad region around 1.5 mln people are confronting a food crisis
YAOUNDE, Sept 6 (Reuters) - Crop-eating fall armyworms have attacked nearly 37,000 hectares of maize in northern Cameroon, officials said on Wednesday, accentuating an already dire humanitarian crisis provoked by the Islamist militant group Boko Haram's cross-border insurgency.
Read more on the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations will organize a capacity building workshops for countries within the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) region on the effective management of the Fall Armyworm (FAW). The workshops will take place in Abuja, Nigeria, from 5th to 10th September 2017.
Moki Edwin Kindzeka
Fall armyworm has spread to Cameroon. The pest has attacked crops in at least 24 African countries. In Cameroon, the Ministry of Agriculture says it is particularly concerned about the impact of the fall armyworm infestation in the north and the east of the country.
Minister-delegate Ananga Messina says fall armyworm has infested six of the central African state’s 10 regions.
Improvements in the food security situation expected, beginning in September/October, except in the Lake Chad Basin
UNE ATTAQUE TERRORISTE TUE AU MOINS 18 PERSONNES
Le 13 août, des hommes armés ont pris d'assaut un restaurant dans la capitale Ouagadougou et ont tué 18 personnes et blessé 22 autres, selon le gouvernement. Deux attaquants ont été tués. Une attaque similaire dans un café voisin en janvier 2016 avait fait 30 morts.
ENVIRON 200 NOUVEAUX RÉFUGIÉS DE LA RCA DANS LE SUD
Terror attack kills at least 18 people
On 13 August, gunmen stormed a restaurant in the capital Ouagadougou and killed 18 people, and wounding 22 others, according to the government. Two attackers were killed. A similar attack on a nearby cafe in January 2016 killed 30 people.
Près de 7,7 millions de personnes ont besoin d’une aide humanitaire d’urgence, selon la FAO et le PAM
Around 7.7 million people require urgent humanitarian assistance, FAO and WFP warn
14 August 2017, Kinshasa – Amid rising violence and displacement in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), 7.7 million people face acute hunger - a 30 percent increase over the last year, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Food Programme (WFP) warned today in a new report.
L’INVASION DE CHENILLES LÉGIONNAIRES DÉTRUIT 30 000 HA
ARMYWORM INVASION DESTROYS 30,000 HECTARES
Faible accès des ménages à leurs moyens d’existence suite à la persistance des conflits divers
Amélioration attendue de la sécurité alimentaire à partir de septembre/octobre sauf dans le bassin du lac Tchad
By Busani Bafana
BULAWAYO, Zimbabwe, Jul 18 2017 (IPS)
Southern African countries have agreed on a multi-pronged plan to increase surveillance and research to contain the fall army worm, which has cut forecast regional maize harvests by up to ten percent, according to a senior U.N. Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) official.
A recently arrived species of armyworm has spread to 21 African countries and threatens the continent's main food staple, maize, report experts from the U.S. Agency for International Development.
USAID senior biotechnology advisor Joseph Huesing says the fall armyworms -- transported from their usual habitat in the U.S. state of Florida or the Caribbean -- are attacking maize crops all over sub-Saharan Africa.
Participants at the restricted PREGEC meeting made the following statement:
6 July 2017, Accra – At a Side Event of the 40th FAO Conference on the Fall Armyworm (FAW) held in Rome, the FAO Assistant Director-General and Regional Representative for Africa, Bukar Tijani, announced that the Organization will host a global technical meeting of FAW experts from 18 to 20 July 2017 in Accra, Ghana, as part of the ongoing efforts led by FAO to curb the outbreak of FAW pests afflicting the agricultural sectors of a vast number of countries across the African continent.
Fall Armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda), FAW, is a moth native to tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas, whose larva (photo) causes damage to crops. It mainly affects maize, with potential hosts from 26 plant families. Significant yield loss can be caused by FAW, if not well managed. FAW has several generations per year and the moth can fly up to 100 km per night.