East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017Ongoing
As millions of east African farmers seek to recover from a devastating drought, they face a new threat – the fall armyworm. The pest has been recently detected in Kenya and is suspected to have entered the country from Uganda. It is also known to be present in Burundi, Ethiopia and Rwanda. The fall armyworm was first reported in western Kenya by farmers in March 2017, and immediately confirmed by the Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service and Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation. The initial counties infested were Busia, TransNzoia, Bungoma, Uasin Gishu and Nandi. (FAO, 25 Apr 2017)
As of 23 May, Fall Armyworm has affected more than 143,000 hectares of land in major maize and wheat-producing counties [in Kenya]. [FAO] and the Ministry of Agriculture have adopted a planning response figure of 800,000 hectares, which requires US$33.5 million for pesticides and awareness campaigns in the medium term. US$6.6 million is required for an immediate response. (OCHA, UNCT Kenya, 23 May 2017)
In collaboration with [FAO] and other development partners, the Government of Ethiopia has intensified efforts to protect major maize growing areas from the ravage of the fall armyworm. The fall armyworm, which first arrived in Africa in 2016, was intercepted on a few hectares of irrigated maize fields in southern Ethiopia in the last week of February 2017. It has now covered about 52 962 hectares in 144 districts in three of the major maize-growing regional states – Gambella, Oromia and Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples’ Region (SNNPR)...The Government of Ethiopia allocated nearly USD 2 million to tackle the problem. (FAO, 30 May 2017)
[F]all armyworm, which has caused extensive damage to maize crops in southern Africa, has spread to the east and has worsened the situation. In Kenya, the pest has so far affected about 200 000 hectares of crops, and in Uganda more than half the country's 111 districts are affected. (FAO, 14 Jul 2017)
Most read reports
- FAO trains farmers in Kenya to save crops from Fall Armyworm
- Kenya: Disaster Assistance Fact Sheet # 1 - September 30, 2018
- South Sudan Key IPC Findings: September 2018 - March 2019
- Ethiopia: 2018 Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan
- Government of South Sudan develop long-term plan to fight Fall Armyworm
Over 100,000 people fleeing ethnic violence have been displaced in BenishangulGumuz (mainly in Kamashi Zone) and Oromia regions (mainly East Wollega and West Wollega zones). There are indications that displacement is rising, though the size of the displaced population is not clear. Urgent humanitarian needs are reported, including food, shelter, NFI and health (The reporter Ethiopia 06/10/2018, La Vanguardia 13/10/2018, Voa News 02/10/2018, OCHA 10/2018, The reporter Ethiopia 06/10/2018).
In the second half of the year, Ethiopia has faced with an unprecedented surge of inter- communal conflict in Gedeo zone (SNNP region) and West Guji zone (Oromia region), which at its height, displaced some 818,000 people.
• Plus de 34 000 réfugiés burundais de Tanzanie rapatriés depuis septembre 2017 ;
• Près de 187 000 déplacés internes enregistrés au 31 mai dernier ;
• Plus de 3 millions d’animaux vaccinés contre la peste des petits ruminants.
Pop. dans le besoin 3,6 millions
H (6) F E 0,85M 0,88M 1,87M
Population ciblée 2,4 millions
H F E 0,53M 0,55M 1,28M
PDI 178 267
H: n/a F: n/a
Many countries across the African continent face recurrent complex emergencies, frequent food insecurity, cyclical drought, and sudden-onset disasters, such as earthquakes, floods, and storms. In FY 2017, USAID/OFDA continued to respond to urgent needs resulting from disasters and support DRR programs that improve emergency preparedness and response capacity at local, national, and regional levels.
UN records at least seven aid worker deaths since January
ICRC delivers humanitarian assistance in Leer for the first time since early April
USAID/FFP partner WFP reaches 2.6 million people with emergency food assistance in May
Humanitarian Situation and Needs
• Plus de 80 000 burundais affectés par les pluies diluviennes depuis janvier ;
• Malgré une bonne saison agricole 2018A, près de 1,7 million de burundais restent en insécurité alimentaire (IPC3, en crise) ;
• Entre janvier 2016 et mai 2018, la Hotline a reçu 7 370 appels.
Pop. dans le besoin 3,6 millions
Population ciblée 2,4 millions
PDI 169 374
Réfugiés congolais 72 212
Réfugiés burundais 413 283
Pers. en insécurité alimentaire 1,7 million
Fighting in Unity displaces populations, worsens humanitarian needs
Famine risk increases in parts of Eastern Equatoria, Jonglei, Unity, and Western Bahr el Ghazal
USAID/FFP partner WFP reaches 2.6 million people with emergency food assistance in April
• Près de trois quarts des écoles publiques n’ont pas accès à l’eau potable
• Plus de 5 000 burundais déplacés internes ont bénéficié de solutions durables
• La peste des petits ruminants a causé la mort de 8 555 animaux de janvier à mi-mars 2018
Pop. dans le besoin 3,6 millions H:0,85M F:0,88M E:1,87M Population
ciblée 2,4 millions H: 0,53MF: 0,55M E:1,28M
PDI 174,011 H: 79k F: 95k
Réfugiés congolais 71 694 H: n/a F: n/a
• Plus de 700 000 burundais ont été soutenus par le secteur de la sécurité alimentaire en 2017
• Plus de 8 200 congolais ont trouvé refuge au Burundi en janvier 2018
Pop. dans le besoin 3,6 millions - H: 0,85M F: 0,88M E: 1,87M
Population ciblée 2,4 millions - H: 0,53M F: 0,55M E: 1,28M
PDI 175,936 - H: 79k F: 97k
Réfugiés congolais 64 301 - H: n/a F: n/a
Réfugiés burundais 395 594 - H: 202k F: 194k
Pers. en insécurité alimentaire 2,6 millions - IPC 3 1,9 M IPC 4 0,7 M
• The 2018 Ethiopia Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan (HDRP) identifies 7.88 million people in need of food assistance, and 8.49 million people in need of non-food assistance at a cost of $1.658 billion
• Some $62 million mobilized for IDP response and rehabilitation programme
• About 86, 000 IDPs will be relocated to 11 urban/semiurban sites across Oromia region
• 18,000 IDPs receiving vocational training
Given the recurrent nature of climate-driven humanitarian crises in Ethiopia, Government and partners have agreed that a significant shift in approach is required.
PREFACE PAR LE COORDONNATEUR RESIDENT
Le Plan de Réponse humanitaire 2018 pour le Burundi vise à alléger les souffrances des populations affectées. Il a été préparé par la communauté humanitaire de manière participative et exhaustive, en consultation avec le Gouvernement du Burundi et les bailleurs de fonds, sur base des informations disponibles dont la collecte a été largement améliorée cette année.
BESOINS HUMANITAIRES ET CHIFFRES CLES
Annual lean season begins early across South Sudan
GoRSS declares end of cholera outbreak
Clashes continue despite cessation of hostilities agreement
INTRODUCTION & KEY TAKEAWAYS
This alert has been prepared as a complement to the indicative humanitarian needs and requirements for Ethiopia presented in the 2018 Global Humanitarian Overview.
In advance of the finalization of the meher assessment results, it is anticipated that between 5 and 7 million people will be targeted with relief assistance, requiring around $895 million over the course of 2018.
The priorities for immediate financing highlighted in this document are geared towards achieving two purposes:
Armed clashes continue in violation of cessation of hostilities agreement
2018 South Sudan HRP calls for more than $1.7 billion to meet the humanitarian needs of 6 million people
- Government and partners continue to respond to the rising needs of conflictinduced IDPs in Oromia and Somali regions, but humanitarian needs surpass available resources.
Government and partners responding to needs of conflict-induced IDPs, gap remains high