East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017Ongoing
As millions of east African farmers seek to recover from a devastating drought, they face a new threat – the fall armyworm. The pest has been recently detected in Kenya and is suspected to have entered the country from Uganda. It is also known to be present in Burundi, Ethiopia and Rwanda. The fall armyworm was first reported in western Kenya by farmers in March 2017, and immediately confirmed by the Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service and Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation. The initial counties infested were Busia, TransNzoia, Bungoma, Uasin Gishu and Nandi. (FAO, 25 Apr 2017)
As of 23 May, Fall Armyworm has affected more than 143,000 hectares of land in major maize and wheat-producing counties [in Kenya]. [FAO] and the Ministry of Agriculture have adopted a planning response figure of 800,000 hectares, which requires US$33.5 million for pesticides and awareness campaigns in the medium term. US$6.6 million is required for an immediate response. (OCHA, UNCT Kenya, 23 May 2017)
In collaboration with [FAO] and other development partners, the Government of Ethiopia has intensified efforts to protect major maize growing areas from the ravage of the fall armyworm. The fall armyworm, which first arrived in Africa in 2016, was intercepted on a few hectares of irrigated maize fields in southern Ethiopia in the last week of February 2017. It has now covered about 52 962 hectares in 144 districts in three of the major maize-growing regional states – Gambella, Oromia and Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples’ Region (SNNPR)...The Government of Ethiopia allocated nearly USD 2 million to tackle the problem. (FAO, 30 May 2017)
[F]all armyworm, which has caused extensive damage to maize crops in southern Africa, has spread to the east and has worsened the situation. In Kenya, the pest has so far affected about 200 000 hectares of crops, and in Uganda more than half the country's 111 districts are affected. (FAO, 14 Jul 2017)
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- Ethiopia: 2018 Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan
In the second half of the year, Ethiopia has faced with an unprecedented surge of inter- communal conflict in Gedeo zone (SNNP region) and West Guji zone (Oromia region), which at its height, displaced some 818,000 people.
• The 2018 Ethiopia Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan (HDRP) identifies 7.88 million people in need of food assistance, and 8.49 million people in need of non-food assistance at a cost of $1.658 billion
• Some $62 million mobilized for IDP response and rehabilitation programme
• About 86, 000 IDPs will be relocated to 11 urban/semiurban sites across Oromia region
• 18,000 IDPs receiving vocational training
Given the recurrent nature of climate-driven humanitarian crises in Ethiopia, Government and partners have agreed that a significant shift in approach is required.
• Average harvests expected: Rains have been above average in January, ending the December dry spell, which is likely to lead to average Season 2018A harvests, already underway. Most poor households are expected to remain in Stressed (IPC Phase 2); however, in Gihanga Commune in Bubanza Province, maize production is likely to be below average due to a more severe dry spell and Fall Armyworm infestations, causing some poor households to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) through the lean season in May.
BESOINS HUMANITAIRES ET CHIFFRES CLES
600 000 people
USD 7 million
January – December 2018
The crisis that has been affecting Burundi since 2015 has worsened the humanitarian situation in the country with large segments of the population facing severe food insecurity.
FAO is working with partners in the Food Security Cluster to:
• Provide timely food and financial assistance to the most vulnerable populations.
BALTIMORE, Dec. 20, 2017 - Lutheran World Relief (LWR), an international NGO working to develop sustainable solutions to poverty, has released its 2018 Early Warning Forecast of regions it is monitoring for potential or worsening humanitarian crises over the coming year: 11 Humanitarian Hotspots for the World to Watch
Ambassador Daniel V. Speckhard, LWR president & CEO, noted that armed conflict is a thread running through the world's current crises.
Uganda hosts the largest population of refugees and asylum-seekers in Africa. As of November 2017 nearly 1.4 million refugees and asylum-seekers have sought shelter in Uganda, including more than 1 million South Sudanese. Furthermore, 61 percent of the refugee population in Uganda is under 18 years of age.
- Government and partners continue to respond to the rising needs of conflictinduced IDPs in Oromia and Somali regions, but humanitarian needs surpass available resources.
Government and partners responding to needs of conflict-induced IDPs, gap remains high
The Government and partners developed an ‘HRD Status Update’, highlighting all outstanding Humanitarian Requirements Document Mid-Year Review requirements against revised sector requirements to address new needs since August.
Cluster continues providing ES/NFI and cash-based assistance to displaced households, but needs surpass the ongoing response.
Some 110,000 displaced school children in 305 schools in Oromia and Somali regions are in dire need of assistance.
People in the Arid and Semi-Arid (ASAL) Counties of Kenya are experiencing a food security and nutrition crisis as a result of a protracted drought that has undermined coping capacities and exacerbated vulnerabilities.
Food insecurity continues to dominate Kenya’s arid and semi-arid counties. Between 3 million and 3.5 million people in Kenya are predicted to be acutely food insecure by August – up from the current estimate of 2.6 million.
Reporting Date: 16 June 2017
Rainfall during the March to May (long rains) season was below average in most parts of Kenya.
3.0-3.5 million people expected to face hunger from August 2017 according to the mid-season food security assessment.
The nutrition situation continued to deteriorate in arid counties as hunger persisted.
100,300 women and young children received specialised nutritious food: 35,600 for prevention and 64,700 for treatment of acute malnutrition.
Highlights - The nutrition situation remains of concern across Kenya’s northern pastoralist and southeastern marginal agricultural areas. Surveys conducted in January and February report a Global Acute Malnutrition rate of up to 30 per cent in three sub-counties.
Depressed rainfall is reported over most of the country, especially eastern areas, during the March to May long rains season.
The long rains assessment is scheduled for the end of June and may lead to a revision of the Kenya Flash Appeal.
Below-average rainfall was received in March and April, but heavy rainfall was recorded in early May.
An outbreak of Fall Army Worm may greatly affect maize harvests.
A mid-season food security assessment is in progress.
The Government and WFP are working to respond to drought, with the Government providing the funding for cash transfers and WFP providing technical assistance.
National social protection systems are responding to some of the needs of drought-affected people.