East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017Ongoing
As millions of east African farmers seek to recover from a devastating drought, they face a new threat – the fall armyworm. The pest has been recently detected in Kenya and is suspected to have entered the country from Uganda. It is also known to be present in Burundi, Ethiopia and Rwanda. The fall armyworm was first reported in western Kenya by farmers in March 2017, and immediately confirmed by the Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service and Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation. The initial counties infested were Busia, TransNzoia, Bungoma, Uasin Gishu and Nandi. (FAO, 25 Apr 2017)
As of 23 May, Fall Armyworm has affected more than 143,000 hectares of land in major maize and wheat-producing counties [in Kenya]. [FAO] and the Ministry of Agriculture have adopted a planning response figure of 800,000 hectares, which requires US$33.5 million for pesticides and awareness campaigns in the medium term. US$6.6 million is required for an immediate response. (OCHA, UNCT Kenya, 23 May 2017)
In collaboration with [FAO] and other development partners, the Government of Ethiopia has intensified efforts to protect major maize growing areas from the ravage of the fall armyworm. The fall armyworm, which first arrived in Africa in 2016, was intercepted on a few hectares of irrigated maize fields in southern Ethiopia in the last week of February 2017. It has now covered about 52 962 hectares in 144 districts in three of the major maize-growing regional states – Gambella, Oromia and Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples’ Region (SNNPR)...The Government of Ethiopia allocated nearly USD 2 million to tackle the problem. (FAO, 30 May 2017)
[F]all armyworm, which has caused extensive damage to maize crops in southern Africa, has spread to the east and has worsened the situation. In Kenya, the pest has so far affected about 200 000 hectares of crops, and in Uganda more than half the country's 111 districts are affected. (FAO, 14 Jul 2017)
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UN records at least seven aid worker deaths since January
ICRC delivers humanitarian assistance in Leer for the first time since early April
USAID/FFP partner WFP reaches 2.6 million people with emergency food assistance in May
Fighting in Unity displaces populations, worsens humanitarian needs
Famine risk increases in parts of Eastern Equatoria, Jonglei, Unity, and Western Bahr el Ghazal
USAID/FFP partner WFP reaches 2.6 million people with emergency food assistance in April
WFP and FAO joined South Sudan’s Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry at the launch of the 2018 main agricultural season in Yambio on 4 April, highlighting the importance of the planting season in improving the food security situation in South Sudan.
In the first quarter of 2018 , WFP estimates it distributed 60,000mt of food and USD 3 million to over 2.5 million unique beneficiaries in South Sudan.
6.3 million people facing severe food insecurity from February-April 2018 (IPC February 2018)
1.7 million people assisted by WFP in February 2018
1.8 million internally displaced people (OCHA) 2.5 million South Sudanese refugees (UNHCR)
202,776 seeking shelter with the UN (UNMISS)
Food insecurity, malnutrition, flooding and Fall Armyworm was noted as the major hazards in the Quarterly multi-hazard early warning bulletin.
INTRODUCTION & KEY TAKEAWAYS
This Outlook provides an overview of the anticipated humanitarian situation in the Great Lakes region from January to June 2018. It focuses on Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda and neighbouring countries—including Angola, Kenya and Zambia—that have received refugees and asylum-seekers due to the DRC crisis.
PREFACE PAR LE COORDONNATEUR RESIDENT
Le Plan de Réponse humanitaire 2018 pour le Burundi vise à alléger les souffrances des populations affectées. Il a été préparé par la communauté humanitaire de manière participative et exhaustive, en consultation avec le Gouvernement du Burundi et les bailleurs de fonds, sur base des informations disponibles dont la collecte a été largement améliorée cette année.
BESOINS HUMANITAIRES ET CHIFFRES CLES
Annual lean season begins early across South Sudan
GoRSS declares end of cholera outbreak
Clashes continue despite cessation of hostilities agreement
INTRODUCTION & KEY TAKEAWAYS
Armed clashes continue in violation of cessation of hostilities agreement
2018 South Sudan HRP calls for more than $1.7 billion to meet the humanitarian needs of 6 million people
UNICEF’s Child Protection response remains underfunded with only 14 per cent of humanitarian funding needs met; this has affected the delivery of critical child protection services, especially psychosocial support.
UNICEF reached nearly 15,000 children in Kween and Kapchorwa districts with health communication activities to support the containment of the Marburg Outbreak. No new cases have emerged.
I. INTRODUCTION AND KEY TAKEAWAYS
In response to the worsening humanitarian context, the Government and humanitarian partners have increased the funding appeal of the Humanitarian Requirements Document to $1.4 billion. The revision took into account the increased needs of those internally displaced by conflict and drought.
The Government of Ethiopia and humanitarian partners are preparing for the next humanitarian needs assessment, tentatively scheduled to start third week of November. The findings will inform the humanitarian plans for 2018.
Led by the Federal Government, humanitarian partners are working together to provide assistance to people displaced as a result of floods and inter communal clashes. Priority needs are emergency shelter, food, and safe water, sanitation and hygiene.
WFP assisted 2.9 million people in August with about 27,000 MT of food.
Rapid response mission conducting screening and distributions in Baggari, Southwest of Wau.
Quarterly multi-hazard early warning bulletin released
In August, the number of South Sudanese seeking refuge in neighbouring countries reached the 2 million mark. Of those, 1 million are in Uganda. Fighting in the Equatorias and Upper Nile continue to displace thousands of people. According to health partners, the cholera outbreak was declining due to the multi-sectoral response in the affected areas.
More than 48,000 people receive food in Yei town.The last distribution of food was in November 2016.
Fall armyworm outbreak affects farms and likely to exacerbate South Sudan’s food crisis.
In the last 13 months, South Sudan has experienced the deadliest cholera outbreak since its independence.
South Sudan Humanitarian Fund allocates $28m to 90 priority projects to provide humanitarian assistance.
Over 9,600 IDPs and host communities receive assistance in Pading, Jonglei.
Increase in need: 3.5 million people are now affected by drought, an increase from 2.7 million in May. The new statistics are a result of an assessment by the Kenya Food Security Steering Group covering 14 of the 23 arid and semi-arid lands counties. A total of Kshs. 11.1 billion (US $10.6 million) will be required for response measures between July and December 2017.