East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017Ongoing
As millions of east African farmers seek to recover from a devastating drought, they face a new threat – the fall armyworm. The pest has been recently detected in Kenya and is suspected to have entered the country from Uganda. It is also known to be present in Burundi, Ethiopia and Rwanda. The fall armyworm was first reported in western Kenya by farmers in March 2017, and immediately confirmed by the Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service and Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation. The initial counties infested were Busia, TransNzoia, Bungoma, Uasin Gishu and Nandi. (FAO, 25 Apr 2017)
As of 23 May, Fall Armyworm has affected more than 143,000 hectares of land in major maize and wheat-producing counties [in Kenya]. [FAO] and the Ministry of Agriculture have adopted a planning response figure of 800,000 hectares, which requires US$33.5 million for pesticides and awareness campaigns in the medium term. US$6.6 million is required for an immediate response. (OCHA, UNCT Kenya, 23 May 2017)
In collaboration with [FAO] and other development partners, the Government of Ethiopia has intensified efforts to protect major maize growing areas from the ravage of the fall armyworm. The fall armyworm, which first arrived in Africa in 2016, was intercepted on a few hectares of irrigated maize fields in southern Ethiopia in the last week of February 2017. It has now covered about 52 962 hectares in 144 districts in three of the major maize-growing regional states – Gambella, Oromia and Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples’ Region (SNNPR)...The Government of Ethiopia allocated nearly USD 2 million to tackle the problem. (FAO, 30 May 2017)
[F]all armyworm, which has caused extensive damage to maize crops in southern Africa, has spread to the east and has worsened the situation. In Kenya, the pest has so far affected about 200 000 hectares of crops, and in Uganda more than half the country's 111 districts are affected. (FAO, 14 Jul 2017)
INTRODUCTION & KEY TAKEAWAYS
This Outlook provides an overview of the anticipated humanitarian situation in the Great Lakes region from January to June 2018. It focuses on Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda and neighbouring countries—including Angola, Kenya and Zambia—that have received refugees and asylum-seekers due to the DRC crisis.
UNICEF’s Child Protection response remains underfunded with only 14 per cent of humanitarian funding needs met; this has affected the delivery of critical child protection services, especially psychosocial support.
UNICEF reached nearly 15,000 children in Kween and Kapchorwa districts with health communication activities to support the containment of the Marburg Outbreak. No new cases have emerged.
People in the Arid and Semi-Arid (ASAL) Counties of Kenya are experiencing a food security and nutrition crisis as a result of a protracted drought that has undermined coping capacities and exacerbated vulnerabilities.
• Insecurity and poor rains threaten harvests from the current cropping season.
• Food insecurity reported in Mvolo, many people surviving on wild food.
• Youth hard hit by the South Sudan violence and humanitarian crisis.
• Fighting and insecurity disrupt provision of humanitarian assistance and displace thousands in Upper Nile.
• Looting of humanitarian compounds and supplies increased in July.
In this issue
The first half of 2017 has been marked by a deepening nutrition crisis across the Arid and Semi-Arid counties lands with the five counties in the country reporting global acute malnutrition rates above 20% since February. The June 2017 prevalence of acute malnutrition in Turkana is comparable to that of the 2011 drought emergency. Since February, five counties in the country have reported GAM in excess of 20%.
With ten new cases of cholera reported in Dadaab camps, active cholera transmission in Tana River County, diarrheal outbreak in Lamu county and start of rains, cholera cases are likely to increase.
During outreach activities conducted in first half of April in Turkana County and in North Horr (Marsabit County) 8,738 children were screened for acute malnutrition with over 40 per cent identified as acutely malnourished (35.6% moderately and 4.6% severely). All affected children were immediately admitted for treatment.