East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017Ongoing
As millions of east African farmers seek to recover from a devastating drought, they face a new threat – the fall armyworm. The pest has been recently detected in Kenya and is suspected to have entered the country from Uganda. It is also known to be present in Burundi, Ethiopia and Rwanda. The fall armyworm was first reported in western Kenya by farmers in March 2017, and immediately confirmed by the Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service and Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation. The initial counties infested were Busia, TransNzoia, Bungoma, Uasin Gishu and Nandi. (FAO, 25 Apr 2017)
As of 23 May, Fall Armyworm has affected more than 143,000 hectares of land in major maize and wheat-producing counties [in Kenya]. [FAO] and the Ministry of Agriculture have adopted a planning response figure of 800,000 hectares, which requires US$33.5 million for pesticides and awareness campaigns in the medium term. US$6.6 million is required for an immediate response. (OCHA, UNCT Kenya, 23 May 2017)
In collaboration with [FAO] and other development partners, the Government of Ethiopia has intensified efforts to protect major maize growing areas from the ravage of the fall armyworm. The fall armyworm, which first arrived in Africa in 2016, was intercepted on a few hectares of irrigated maize fields in southern Ethiopia in the last week of February 2017. It has now covered about 52 962 hectares in 144 districts in three of the major maize-growing regional states – Gambella, Oromia and Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples’ Region (SNNPR)...The Government of Ethiopia allocated nearly USD 2 million to tackle the problem. (FAO, 30 May 2017)
[F]all armyworm, which has caused extensive damage to maize crops in southern Africa, has spread to the east and has worsened the situation. In Kenya, the pest has so far affected about 200 000 hectares of crops, and in Uganda more than half the country's 111 districts are affected. (FAO, 14 Jul 2017)
Most read reports
- FAO Early Warning Early Action report on food security and agriculture (January - March 2019)
- Burundi: Analyse de l’insécurité alimentaire aiguë, juillet - septembre 2018 Projection pour octobre - décembre 2018, Rapport # 23 | Publié le 21 décembre 2018
- Kenya Food Security Outlook, December 2018 to May 2019
- Not just maize: Africa’s fall Armyworm crisis threatens sorghum, other crops, too
- Burundi: Humanitarian Snapshot (November 2018)
Food security conditions improve in Kenya, decreasing the food-insecure population to approximately 700,000 people
March-to-May long rains result in extensive flooding, affecting an estimated 800,000 people
The USG provides more than $131.4 million in FY 2018 humanitarian funding
Près de 30 000 ménages parmi les plus vulnérables bénéficiaires d’intrants agricoles pour préparer la saison 2018C p.1
Plus de 600 000 écoliers burundais reçoivent un repas journalier grâce au programme des repas scolaires p.2
Au cours du premier semestre 2018, 15% des personnes ciblées par l’action humanitaire ont bénéficié d’une assistance p. 2
Suspension des activités des ONG p.3
Analyse des risques p.4
Financements humanitaires p.4
Contribute to raising awareness of fall armyworm (FAW) across South Sudan and establish surveillance and monitoring systems to track the pest’s spread and impact. The project also focused on increasing the resilience of particularly vulnerable households by providing alternative livelihood options, comprising relevant inputs and training.
Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security of South Sudan (MAFS) and the World Food Programme.
18 000 households.
UN records at least seven aid worker deaths since January
ICRC delivers humanitarian assistance in Leer for the first time since early April
USAID/FFP partner WFP reaches 2.6 million people with emergency food assistance in May
• Plus de 80 000 burundais affectés par les pluies diluviennes depuis janvier ;
• Malgré une bonne saison agricole 2018A, près de 1,7 million de burundais restent en insécurité alimentaire (IPC3, en crise) ;
• Entre janvier 2016 et mai 2018, la Hotline a reçu 7 370 appels.
Pop. dans le besoin 3,6 millions
Population ciblée 2,4 millions
PDI 169 374
Réfugiés congolais 72 212
Réfugiés burundais 413 283
Pers. en insécurité alimentaire 1,7 million
Fighting in Unity displaces populations, worsens humanitarian needs
Famine risk increases in parts of Eastern Equatoria, Jonglei, Unity, and Western Bahr el Ghazal
USAID/FFP partner WFP reaches 2.6 million people with emergency food assistance in April
• Près de trois quarts des écoles publiques n’ont pas accès à l’eau potable
• Plus de 5 000 burundais déplacés internes ont bénéficié de solutions durables
• La peste des petits ruminants a causé la mort de 8 555 animaux de janvier à mi-mars 2018
Pop. dans le besoin 3,6 millions H:0,85M F:0,88M E:1,87M Population
ciblée 2,4 millions H: 0,53MF: 0,55M E:1,28M
PDI 174,011 H: 79k F: 95k
Réfugiés congolais 71 694 H: n/a F: n/a
• Plus de 700 000 burundais ont été soutenus par le secteur de la sécurité alimentaire en 2017
• Plus de 8 200 congolais ont trouvé refuge au Burundi en janvier 2018
Pop. dans le besoin 3,6 millions - H: 0,85M F: 0,88M E: 1,87M
Population ciblée 2,4 millions - H: 0,53M F: 0,55M E: 1,28M
PDI 175,936 - H: 79k F: 97k
Réfugiés congolais 64 301 - H: n/a F: n/a
Réfugiés burundais 395 594 - H: 202k F: 194k
Pers. en insécurité alimentaire 2,6 millions - IPC 3 1,9 M IPC 4 0,7 M
INTRODUCTION & KEY TAKEAWAYS
This Outlook provides an overview of the anticipated humanitarian situation in the Great Lakes region from January to June 2018. It focuses on Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda and neighbouring countries—including Angola, Kenya and Zambia—that have received refugees and asylum-seekers due to the DRC crisis.
• Average harvests expected: Rains have been above average in January, ending the December dry spell, which is likely to lead to average Season 2018A harvests, already underway. Most poor households are expected to remain in Stressed (IPC Phase 2); however, in Gihanga Commune in Bubanza Province, maize production is likely to be below average due to a more severe dry spell and Fall Armyworm infestations, causing some poor households to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) through the lean season in May.
PREFACE PAR LE COORDONNATEUR RESIDENT
Le Plan de Réponse humanitaire 2018 pour le Burundi vise à alléger les souffrances des populations affectées. Il a été préparé par la communauté humanitaire de manière participative et exhaustive, en consultation avec le Gouvernement du Burundi et les bailleurs de fonds, sur base des informations disponibles dont la collecte a été largement améliorée cette année.
Annual lean season begins early across South Sudan
GoRSS declares end of cholera outbreak
Clashes continue despite cessation of hostilities agreement
INTRODUCTION & KEY TAKEAWAYS
This alert has been prepared as a complement to the indicative humanitarian needs and requirements for Ethiopia presented in the 2018 Global Humanitarian Overview.
In advance of the finalization of the meher assessment results, it is anticipated that between 5 and 7 million people will be targeted with relief assistance, requiring around $895 million over the course of 2018.
The priorities for immediate financing highlighted in this document are geared towards achieving two purposes:
Armed clashes continue in violation of cessation of hostilities agreement
2018 South Sudan HRP calls for more than $1.7 billion to meet the humanitarian needs of 6 million people
UNICEF’s Child Protection response remains underfunded with only 14 per cent of humanitarian funding needs met; this has affected the delivery of critical child protection services, especially psychosocial support.
UNICEF reached nearly 15,000 children in Kween and Kapchorwa districts with health communication activities to support the containment of the Marburg Outbreak. No new cases have emerged.
Efforts in South Sudan to fight Fall armyworm, an insect that destroys crops, have received a boost thanks to the Government of Japan’s decision to provide $3 million to support a project run by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Food Programme (WFP) together with South Sudan’s Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security. The project seeks to train farmers to combat the spread of Fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda), strengthen food security and build the resilience of local communities in affected areas.
Uganda hosts the largest population of refugees and asylum-seekers in Africa. As of November 2017 nearly 1.4 million refugees and asylum-seekers have sought shelter in Uganda, including more than 1 million South Sudanese. Furthermore, 61 percent of the refugee population in Uganda is under 18 years of age.
- Government and partners continue to respond to the rising needs of conflictinduced IDPs in Oromia and Somali regions, but humanitarian needs surpass available resources.
Government and partners responding to needs of conflict-induced IDPs, gap remains high