East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017Ongoing
As millions of east African farmers seek to recover from a devastating drought, they face a new threat – the fall armyworm. The pest has been recently detected in Kenya and is suspected to have entered the country from Uganda. It is also known to be present in Burundi, Ethiopia and Rwanda. The fall armyworm was first reported in western Kenya by farmers in March 2017, and immediately confirmed by the Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service and Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation. The initial counties infested were Busia, TransNzoia, Bungoma, Uasin Gishu and Nandi. (FAO, 25 Apr 2017)
As of 23 May, Fall Armyworm has affected more than 143,000 hectares of land in major maize and wheat-producing counties [in Kenya]. [FAO] and the Ministry of Agriculture have adopted a planning response figure of 800,000 hectares, which requires US$33.5 million for pesticides and awareness campaigns in the medium term. US$6.6 million is required for an immediate response. (OCHA, UNCT Kenya, 23 May 2017)
In collaboration with [FAO] and other development partners, the Government of Ethiopia has intensified efforts to protect major maize growing areas from the ravage of the fall armyworm. The fall armyworm, which first arrived in Africa in 2016, was intercepted on a few hectares of irrigated maize fields in southern Ethiopia in the last week of February 2017. It has now covered about 52 962 hectares in 144 districts in three of the major maize-growing regional states – Gambella, Oromia and Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples’ Region (SNNPR)...The Government of Ethiopia allocated nearly USD 2 million to tackle the problem. (FAO, 30 May 2017)
[F]all armyworm, which has caused extensive damage to maize crops in southern Africa, has spread to the east and has worsened the situation. In Kenya, the pest has so far affected about 200 000 hectares of crops, and in Uganda more than half the country's 111 districts are affected. (FAO, 14 Jul 2017)
Most read reports
- FAO Early Warning Early Action report on food security and agriculture (January - March 2019)
- Kenya Food Security Outlook, December 2018 to May 2019
- Burundi: Analyse de l’insécurité alimentaire aiguë, juillet - septembre 2018 Projection pour octobre - décembre 2018, Rapport # 23 | Publié le 21 décembre 2018
- Not just maize: Africa’s fall Armyworm crisis threatens sorghum, other crops, too
- Burundi: Humanitarian Snapshot (November 2018)
The Early Warning Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is produced by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). It provides a quarterly forward-looking analysis of major disaster risks to food security and agriculture, specifically highlighting:
Combien et Quand ? Entre Juillet et Septembre, soit la période actuelle de récolte et post récolte, 98.000 personnes (1%) ont été classées en phase d’Urgence (IPC Phase 4), alors que 1.301.000 (12%) ont été classés en phase de Crise (IPC Phase 3), et 4.700.000 (43%) en phase sous pression (IPC Phase 2) et 4.850.000 (44%) en Insécurité Alimentaire Minimale (Phase 1).
Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes likely to be widespread due to below-average short rains season
The number of internally displaced people (IDP) has continued to decline in the last twelve months. According to IOM DTM, currently there are some 143,000 IDPs, a 25% decrease from last year. However, natural disasters continue to cause displacement and since 1 October, some 2,600 people have been displaced by torrential rains and violent winds mainly in Rutana, Rumonge, Cibitoke and Bubanza provinces. Overall, natural disasters account to 76% of internal displacements.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Early season dryness affected planting and establishment of second season crops in Eastern Region
First season cereal production in 2018 estimated at above-average levels
Delayed harvest and reduced cereal output in Karamoja Region due to floods and erratic rains
Prices of maize seasonally increasing in recent months but still at low levels
Pockets of severe food insecurity in Karamoja Region
FAO and partners to scale up efforts to reduce the impacts of the pest on smallholders in Eastern Africa
06 December 2018, Kigali¬:— Recognizing the enormity of the challenge the Fall Armyworm poses on smallholder farmers, government representatives and partners stressed the need to bolster a novel community-based approach being promoted in Eastern Africa to assist farmers and development agents at the frontline to identify and manage the spread of the pest.
“At first I didn’t dare pick the worms with my fingers. But after a while I built up the courage – I picked them and took them to my grandfather so he could destroy them’, Grace Yvonne tells us.
PRES DE 13,1 MILLIONS DE PERSONNES ISSUES DES MILIEUX RURAUX VIVENT EN INSECURITE ALIMENTAIRE AIGUË CORRESPONDANT AUX PHASES DE CRISE (3) ET D’URGENCE (4) DE LA CLASSIFICATION INTERNATIONALE DE L’IPC
Près de 30 000 ménages parmi les plus vulnérables bénéficiaires d’intrants agricoles pour préparer la saison 2018C p.1
Plus de 600 000 écoliers burundais reçoivent un repas journalier grâce au programme des repas scolaires p.2
Au cours du premier semestre 2018, 15% des personnes ciblées par l’action humanitaire ont bénéficié d’une assistance p. 2
Suspension des activités des ONG p.3
Analyse des risques p.4
Financements humanitaires p.4
Contribute to raising awareness of fall armyworm (FAW) across South Sudan and establish surveillance and monitoring systems to track the pest’s spread and impact. The project also focused on increasing the resilience of particularly vulnerable households by providing alternative livelihood options, comprising relevant inputs and training.
Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security of South Sudan (MAFS) and the World Food Programme.
18 000 households.
The African Development Bank recently convened a meeting of experts and stakeholders in the agricultural sector to design integrated pest and disease management mechanisms for controlling the spread of the Fall Army Worm in East Africa.
The Fall Army Worm or Spodoptera frugiperda is an invasive insect threatening food supplies and incomes of millions of African smallholder farmers. The multi-stakeholder, regional action plans to stop the menace of the worm in Africa falls under the Bank’s Technologies for African Agriculture Transformation (TAAT) agenda.
In the second half of the year, Ethiopia has faced with an unprecedented surge of inter- communal conflict in Gedeo zone (SNNP region) and West Guji zone (Oromia region), which at its height, displaced some 818,000 people.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Food security situation is dire across the country, with 6 million people, about 60 percent of total population requiring urgent humanitarian assistance
Crop production in 2018 expected to recover in some areas from record low levels of 2017 following localized improvements in terms of security
Aggregate 2018 output still forecast at below-average levels due to protracted and widespread conflict
The Early Warning Early Action initiative has been developed with the understanding that disaster losses and emergency response costs can be drastically reduced by using early warning analysis to act before a crisis escalates into an emergency. Early actions strengthen the resilience of at-risk populations, mitigate the impact of disasters and help communities, governments and national and international humanitarian agencies to respond more effectively and efficiently.
José Graziano da Silva, FAO Director-General
- Based on the September IPC analysis, it is expected that 6.1 million people (59% of the total population) faced Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food insecurity at the peak of the lean season (July – August), of whom 47,000 were in Catastrophe (IPC phase 5) and 1.7 million were in Emergency (IPC Phase 4).
Food security improvements driven by above-average long rains and low staple food prices
South Sudan’s Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security, with support from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has developed a five-year plan for sustainable management and control of Fall Armyworm in the country. Expected to cost $26 million, the Strategic Plan for Sustainable Management of Fall Armyworm in South Sudan includes guidance to help the country mobilize resources to significantly reduce yield losses from infestation by the pest.
▪ The third round of EHF funding has been allocated, with four Agriculture Sector agencies allocated a combined total of USD1.5 million.
▪ The DRM ATF meeting was held at the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Resources, attended by nearly 40 members. The main topics were the response plan for Gedo-West Guji, Fall Armyworm, and updating the Agriculture Sector Action Plan and Terms of Reference.
▪ The HDRP mid-year review has been submitted for the sector, using the Belg assessment findings
The **FAWRisk-Map** incorporates diverse socio-economic and agro-ecological data so that responders can visualise where the underlying risk of household **food insecurity** due to Fall Armyworm is highest. The tool consists of a number of layers allowing users to disaggregate risk into its constituent parts. By highlighting potential "hotspots", the tool is intended to assist decision-makers in prioritising and preparing for early action in targeted areas.