East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017Ongoing
As millions of east African farmers seek to recover from a devastating drought, they face a new threat – the fall armyworm. The pest has been recently detected in Kenya and is suspected to have entered the country from Uganda. It is also known to be present in Burundi, Ethiopia and Rwanda. The fall armyworm was first reported in western Kenya by farmers in March 2017, and immediately confirmed by the Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service and Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation. The initial counties infested were Busia, TransNzoia, Bungoma, Uasin Gishu and Nandi. (FAO, 25 Apr 2017)
As of 23 May, Fall Armyworm has affected more than 143,000 hectares of land in major maize and wheat-producing counties [in Kenya]. [FAO] and the Ministry of Agriculture have adopted a planning response figure of 800,000 hectares, which requires US$33.5 million for pesticides and awareness campaigns in the medium term. US$6.6 million is required for an immediate response. (OCHA, UNCT Kenya, 23 May 2017)
In collaboration with [FAO] and other development partners, the Government of Ethiopia has intensified efforts to protect major maize growing areas from the ravage of the fall armyworm. The fall armyworm, which first arrived in Africa in 2016, was intercepted on a few hectares of irrigated maize fields in southern Ethiopia in the last week of February 2017. It has now covered about 52 962 hectares in 144 districts in three of the major maize-growing regional states – Gambella, Oromia and Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples’ Region (SNNPR)...The Government of Ethiopia allocated nearly USD 2 million to tackle the problem. (FAO, 30 May 2017)
[F]all armyworm, which has caused extensive damage to maize crops in southern Africa, has spread to the east and has worsened the situation. In Kenya, the pest has so far affected about 200 000 hectares of crops, and in Uganda more than half the country's 111 districts are affected. (FAO, 14 Jul 2017)
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Over 100,000 people fleeing ethnic violence have been displaced in BenishangulGumuz (mainly in Kamashi Zone) and Oromia regions (mainly East Wollega and West Wollega zones). There are indications that displacement is rising, though the size of the displaced population is not clear. Urgent humanitarian needs are reported, including food, shelter, NFI and health (The reporter Ethiopia 06/10/2018, La Vanguardia 13/10/2018, Voa News 02/10/2018, OCHA 10/2018, The reporter Ethiopia 06/10/2018).
In the second half of the year, Ethiopia has faced with an unprecedented surge of inter- communal conflict in Gedeo zone (SNNP region) and West Guji zone (Oromia region), which at its height, displaced some 818,000 people.
▪ The third round of EHF funding has been allocated, with four Agriculture Sector agencies allocated a combined total of USD1.5 million.
▪ The DRM ATF meeting was held at the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Resources, attended by nearly 40 members. The main topics were the response plan for Gedo-West Guji, Fall Armyworm, and updating the Agriculture Sector Action Plan and Terms of Reference.
▪ The HDRP mid-year review has been submitted for the sector, using the Belg assessment findings
Previous drought and recent conflict maintain Crisis outcomes in the south
Food security improves significantly in southeastern areas, but continued assistance is needed
• The 2018 Ethiopia Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan (HDRP) identifies 7.88 million people in need of food assistance, and 8.49 million people in need of non-food assistance at a cost of $1.658 billion
• Some $62 million mobilized for IDP response and rehabilitation programme
• About 86, 000 IDPs will be relocated to 11 urban/semiurban sites across Oromia region
• 18,000 IDPs receiving vocational training
Given the recurrent nature of climate-driven humanitarian crises in Ethiopia, Government and partners have agreed that a significant shift in approach is required.
This alert has been prepared as a complement to the indicative humanitarian needs and requirements for Ethiopia presented in the 2018 Global Humanitarian Overview.
In advance of the finalization of the meher assessment results, it is anticipated that between 5 and 7 million people will be targeted with relief assistance, requiring around $895 million over the course of 2018.
The priorities for immediate financing highlighted in this document are geared towards achieving two purposes:
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Favourable prospects for 2017 main “meher” season
Output of 2017 “belg” secondary season harvest estimated at below-average levels due to erratic rainfall
Fall Armyworm infestations affected crops in 65 percent of country’s districts; Government, with technical and financial support of FAO, undertook appropriate control measures
- Government and partners continue to respond to the rising needs of conflictinduced IDPs in Oromia and Somali regions, but humanitarian needs surpass available resources.
Government and partners responding to needs of conflict-induced IDPs, gap remains high
In response to the worsening humanitarian context, the Government and humanitarian partners have increased the funding appeal of the Humanitarian Requirements Document to $1.4 billion. The revision took into account the increased needs of those internally displaced by conflict and drought.
The Government of Ethiopia and humanitarian partners are preparing for the next humanitarian needs assessment, tentatively scheduled to start third week of November. The findings will inform the humanitarian plans for 2018.
The Government and partners developed an ‘HRD Status Update’, highlighting all outstanding Humanitarian Requirements Document Mid-Year Review requirements against revised sector requirements to address new needs since August.
Cluster continues providing ES/NFI and cash-based assistance to displaced households, but needs surpass the ongoing response.
Some 110,000 displaced school children in 305 schools in Oromia and Somali regions are in dire need of assistance.
Since the revision of the Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) in August 2017, the humanitarian context in Ethiopia has continued to evolve which has led the Government and humanitarian partners to further adjust the HRD requirements. In the food sector the needs have been revised slightly upwards to accommodate an increase in the number of beneficiaries through the inclusion of 4 million former Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) clients in the HRD.
Led by the Federal Government, humanitarian partners are working together to provide assistance to people displaced as a result of floods and inter communal clashes. Priority needs are emergency shelter, food, and safe water, sanitation and hygiene.
Increased, sustained assistance needed to mitigate large food consumption gaps in Somali Region
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Food insecure caseload increased from 5.6 million in December 2016 to 7.8 million in May mainly due to prolonged drought in southeastern pastoral areas
Area of major concern is southern Somali Region, where about 1.8 million people estimated to be facing IPC Phase 4: “Emergency” levels of food insecurity
Widespread livestock emaciation and high mortality rates in drought-affected southern Somali Region severely constraining food availability and access for pastoralist households
Extreme levels of acute food insecurity to persist in southeastern pastoral areas