East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017Ongoing
As millions of east African farmers seek to recover from a devastating drought, they face a new threat – the fall armyworm. The pest has been recently detected in Kenya and is suspected to have entered the country from Uganda. It is also known to be present in Burundi, Ethiopia and Rwanda. The fall armyworm was first reported in western Kenya by farmers in March 2017, and immediately confirmed by the Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service and Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation. The initial counties infested were Busia, TransNzoia, Bungoma, Uasin Gishu and Nandi. (FAO, 25 Apr 2017)
As of 23 May, Fall Armyworm has affected more than 143,000 hectares of land in major maize and wheat-producing counties [in Kenya]. [FAO] and the Ministry of Agriculture have adopted a planning response figure of 800,000 hectares, which requires US$33.5 million for pesticides and awareness campaigns in the medium term. US$6.6 million is required for an immediate response. (OCHA, UNCT Kenya, 23 May 2017)
In collaboration with [FAO] and other development partners, the Government of Ethiopia has intensified efforts to protect major maize growing areas from the ravage of the fall armyworm. The fall armyworm, which first arrived in Africa in 2016, was intercepted on a few hectares of irrigated maize fields in southern Ethiopia in the last week of February 2017. It has now covered about 52 962 hectares in 144 districts in three of the major maize-growing regional states – Gambella, Oromia and Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples’ Region (SNNPR)...The Government of Ethiopia allocated nearly USD 2 million to tackle the problem. (FAO, 30 May 2017)
[F]all armyworm, which has caused extensive damage to maize crops in southern Africa, has spread to the east and has worsened the situation. In Kenya, the pest has so far affected about 200 000 hectares of crops, and in Uganda more than half the country's 111 districts are affected. (FAO, 14 Jul 2017)
Harvests in bimodal areas support food access, despite ongoing lean season in Karamoja
Extended lean season likely in Karamoja, though Minimal (IPC Phase 1) expected in post-harvest period
Early green harvest consumption supports Minimal (IPC Phase 1) outcomes in bimodal areas
Above-average rainfall across Uganda expected to support favorable first season harvests
Rainfall has been above average throughout Uganda. Although incidences of flooding and water logging have been reported, so far these events are isolated and have not had widespread negative impacts. Harvests are expected to be average and most areas of the country will maintain Minimal (IPC Phase 1).
Sorghum makes important contributions to national food supply in the counties covered in this report, accounting for the majority of grain production in Sudan, South Sudan and Somalia (82, 76 and 55 percent, respectively), and smaller amounts in Ethiopia and Uganda (18 and ten percent, accordingly). Sorghum accounts over half of grain consumption in South Sudan and Sudan and nine to 18 percent in Somalia, Ethiopia, and Uganda, respectively.
By Wilson Manishimwe
Added 14th March 2018 05:05 PM
According to Dr Godfrey Asea, the director National Crops Resources Research Institute,only a resilient variety could withstand the ‘cocktail’ of constraints such as the armyworm.
WAKISO - Farming experts have urged maize farmers countrywide to adopt drought-tolerant maize to boost food security.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Satisfactory outcome of 2017 second season harvest in bi-modal rainfall areas
Delayed harvest and reduced maize production in Karamoja Region due to erratic rainfall and Fall Armyworm attacks
Aggregate 2017 cereal production estimated at 3.6 million tonnes, 5 percent up from 2016 and slightly above average of previous five years
Below-average pasture and water availability in pastoral areas due to early cessation of seasonal rainfall and high temperatures
The traps are to help farmers get prepared before the first planting season sets in
KAMPALA - The Government’s plan of commercialising agriculture could be hampered by the increasing incident of pests and diseases.
Under the plan, the Government identified 12 key priority food items for both food security and income-generation through export.
Maize, which is both a food security crop and an economic crop, is being threatened by various pests and diseases.
Minimal (IPC Phase 1) likely in most areas with average second season harvest
UNICEF’s Child Protection response remains underfunded with only 14 per cent of humanitarian funding needs met; this has affected the delivery of critical child protection services, especially psychosocial support.
UNICEF reached nearly 15,000 children in Kween and Kapchorwa districts with health communication activities to support the containment of the Marburg Outbreak. No new cases have emerged.
86% of the total population in the country is minimally food insecure (IPC Phase 1). The households in this phase have access to a variety of adequate and nutritious food both from household stocks carried forward from first season 2017 and the on-going harvests from the second season, which are good in most areas of the country because of favourable rains received. Food in markets is easily accessed and affordable because prices have declined and the households have adequate purchasing power.
Second season harvest supporting Minimal (IPC Phase 1) outcomes in most areas
Uganda hosts the largest population of refugees and asylum-seekers in Africa. As of November 2017 nearly 1.4 million refugees and asylum-seekers have sought shelter in Uganda, including more than 1 million South Sudanese. Furthermore, 61 percent of the refugee population in Uganda is under 18 years of age.
Early start of second season harvest improves national food security
Early Warnings by Region!
South western: During August at the start of the second season rainfall and planting season, below normal rainfall was received, but the rainfall trend picked up to above normal in September. Therefore, favourable conditions in districts of Kanungu, Kisoro, Kabale, Rukungiri and Ntungamo; and watch conditions in the districts along in the cattle corridor extending to the Western region.
Early Warnings by Region
Acholi: Conditions are close to average but remain under “watch” for most districts in the region due to poor rainfall during July except for Kitgum that is above average due to increased rainfall leading to favorable conditions in the district.
- This report summarizes the supply and market outlook for maize grain in the east African countries of Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan, Rwanda, and Burundi. The outlook period follows the 2017/18 marketing year (MY), spanning from July 2017 to June 2018 and covering two main harvests—the 2017 June-to-August harvest and the 2017/2018 October-to-February harvest. While the June-to-August harvest data estimates are more reliable, the October-to-February harvests are projected and may be updated as data becomes available.
Early Warnings by Region:
Crop conditions in the greater Northern Uganda region remain affected by major rainfall deficits from the early stages of the season. Conditions are currently average and improving due to above average rainfall during July.
While Uganda produces close to four million tonnes of maize annually, Agriculture Minister Vincent Sempijja said that the impact of the armyworm infestation could be responsible for the loss of at least 450,000 tonnes of maize or $192.8 million worth of maize exports.
First reported in Nigeria in January 2016, the fall armyworm has since spread to Kenya, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Togo, and Ghana.