East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017Ongoing
As millions of east African farmers seek to recover from a devastating drought, they face a new threat – the fall armyworm. The pest has been recently detected in Kenya and is suspected to have entered the country from Uganda. It is also known to be present in Burundi, Ethiopia and Rwanda. The fall armyworm was first reported in western Kenya by farmers in March 2017, and immediately confirmed by the Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service and Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation. The initial counties infested were Busia, TransNzoia, Bungoma, Uasin Gishu and Nandi. (FAO, 25 Apr 2017)
As of 23 May, Fall Armyworm has affected more than 143,000 hectares of land in major maize and wheat-producing counties [in Kenya]. [FAO] and the Ministry of Agriculture have adopted a planning response figure of 800,000 hectares, which requires US$33.5 million for pesticides and awareness campaigns in the medium term. US$6.6 million is required for an immediate response. (OCHA, UNCT Kenya, 23 May 2017)
In collaboration with [FAO] and other development partners, the Government of Ethiopia has intensified efforts to protect major maize growing areas from the ravage of the fall armyworm. The fall armyworm, which first arrived in Africa in 2016, was intercepted on a few hectares of irrigated maize fields in southern Ethiopia in the last week of February 2017. It has now covered about 52 962 hectares in 144 districts in three of the major maize-growing regional states – Gambella, Oromia and Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples’ Region (SNNPR)...The Government of Ethiopia allocated nearly USD 2 million to tackle the problem. (FAO, 30 May 2017)
[F]all armyworm, which has caused extensive damage to maize crops in southern Africa, has spread to the east and has worsened the situation. In Kenya, the pest has so far affected about 200 000 hectares of crops, and in Uganda more than half the country's 111 districts are affected. (FAO, 14 Jul 2017)
Most read reports
- The pest, which infested an estimated 17,521ha of maize out of over 60,000ha last year during season B was successfully controlled, but experts urge farmers to remain vigilant.
- Minister of Agriculture, Geraldine Mukeshimana said the fall armyworm still poses a threat to farms in parts of the country.
- FAO emphasises the need for farmer education and community action in curbing the spread of the pest.
By Johnson Kanamugire
Sorghum makes important contributions to national food supply in the counties covered in this report, accounting for the majority of grain production in Sudan, South Sudan and Somalia (82, 76 and 55 percent, respectively), and smaller amounts in Ethiopia and Uganda (18 and ten percent, accordingly). Sorghum accounts over half of grain consumption in South Sudan and Sudan and nine to 18 percent in Somalia, Ethiopia, and Uganda, respectively.
6.3 million people facing severe food insecurity from February-April 2018 (IPC February 2018)
1.7 million people assisted by WFP in February 2018
1.8 million internally displaced people (OCHA) 2.5 million South Sudanese refugees (UNHCR)
202,776 seeking shelter with the UN (UNMISS)
Food insecurity, malnutrition, flooding and Fall Armyworm was noted as the major hazards in the Quarterly multi-hazard early warning bulletin.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Overall food security situation continues to deteriorate, with 6.33 million individuals estimated to be food insecure in absence of humanitarian assistance
Early onset of seasonal rains encouraged early planting in southern bi-modal rainfall areas
Improved security situation in parts of Greater Equatoria region may result in an increase in planted area
The net cereal production in 2017 (after deduction of post-harvest losses and seed use) in the traditional sector, is estimated at 764 107 tonnes, 7.5 percent down from 2016, 14 percent below the average of the previous five years and the smallest recorded output since the start of the conflict.
With a projected population of about 11.4 million in mid-2018, the overall cereal deficit in the JanuaryDecember 2018 marketing year is estimated at about 482 000 tonnes, 26 percent above the deficit estimated for 2017.
- In the period May to July 2018, an estimated 7.1 million (63% of the population would face crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food insecurity conditions, of which 155,000 are estimated to be in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) in the protracted absence of humanitarian assistance.
Despite expected mixed performance, March-May rains expected to mitigate worse outcomes
• Plus de 700 000 burundais ont été soutenus par le secteur de la sécurité alimentaire en 2017
• Plus de 8 200 congolais ont trouvé refuge au Burundi en janvier 2018
Pop. dans le besoin 3,6 millions - H: 0,85M F: 0,88M E: 1,87M
Population ciblée 2,4 millions - H: 0,53M F: 0,55M E: 1,28M
PDI 175,936 - H: 79k F: 97k
Réfugiés congolais 64 301 - H: n/a F: n/a
Réfugiés burundais 395 594 - H: 202k F: 194k
Pers. en insécurité alimentaire 2,6 millions - IPC 3 1,9 M IPC 4 0,7 M
INTRODUCTION & KEY TAKEAWAYS
This Outlook provides an overview of the anticipated humanitarian situation in the Great Lakes region from January to June 2018. It focuses on Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda and neighbouring countries—including Angola, Kenya and Zambia—that have received refugees and asylum-seekers due to the DRC crisis.
The application is vital for early detection of Fall Armyworm and guiding best response
14 March 2018, Rome - FAO has launched a mobile application to enable farmers, agricultural workers and other partners at the frontline of the fight against Fall Armyworm in Africa to identify, report the level of infestation, and map the spread of this destructive insect, as well as to describe its natural enemies and the measures that are most effective in managing it.
By Wilson Manishimwe
Added 14th March 2018 05:05 PM
According to Dr Godfrey Asea, the director National Crops Resources Research Institute,only a resilient variety could withstand the ‘cocktail’ of constraints such as the armyworm.
WAKISO - Farming experts have urged maize farmers countrywide to adopt drought-tolerant maize to boost food security.
↗ International prices of wheat and maize increased further in February, mainly supported by weather-related concerns and currency movements. Export price quotations of rice also continued to strengthen, although the increases were capped by subsiding global demand for Indica supplies.
↗ In East Africa, in the Sudan, prices of the main staples: sorghum, millet and wheat, continued to increase in February and reached record highs, underpinned by the removal of the wheat subsidies and the strong depreciation of the Sudanese Pound.
• The 2018 Ethiopia Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan (HDRP) identifies 7.88 million people in need of food assistance, and 8.49 million people in need of non-food assistance at a cost of $1.658 billion
• Some $62 million mobilized for IDP response and rehabilitation programme
• About 86, 000 IDPs will be relocated to 11 urban/semiurban sites across Oromia region
• 18,000 IDPs receiving vocational training
Given the recurrent nature of climate-driven humanitarian crises in Ethiopia, Government and partners have agreed that a significant shift in approach is required.
COUNTRIES REQUIRING EXTERNAL ASSISTANCE FOR FOOD
FAO assesses that globally 37 countries are in need of external assistance for food.
Conflicts continue to be the main factor driving the high levels of severe food insecurity.
Weather shocks have also adversely impacted food availability and access, notably in East Africa.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Satisfactory outcome of 2017 second season harvest in bi-modal rainfall areas
Delayed harvest and reduced maize production in Karamoja Region due to erratic rainfall and Fall Armyworm attacks
Aggregate 2017 cereal production estimated at 3.6 million tonnes, 5 percent up from 2016 and slightly above average of previous five years
Below-average pasture and water availability in pastoral areas due to early cessation of seasonal rainfall and high temperatures
- Intercropping maize with drought-resistant greenleaf desmodium and planting Brachiaria grass on the farm’s edge helps curb fall armyworms.
Researchers have found intercropping maize with drought-resistant greenleaf desmodium and planting Brachiaria grass on the farm’s edge helps curb fall armyworms.
Desmodium and Brachiaria grass are high quality animal fodder plants.
Despite favorable harvests, limited incomes continue to hinder food access
• A depreciating national currency, shortage of foreign exchange reserves, and trade restrictions with neighboring countries continue to limit Burundi’s capacity to import food, keeping staple food prices above five-year average levels.