East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017Ongoing
As millions of east African farmers seek to recover from a devastating drought, they face a new threat – the fall armyworm. The pest has been recently detected in Kenya and is suspected to have entered the country from Uganda. It is also known to be present in Burundi, Ethiopia and Rwanda. The fall armyworm was first reported in western Kenya by farmers in March 2017, and immediately confirmed by the Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service and Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation. The initial counties infested were Busia, TransNzoia, Bungoma, Uasin Gishu and Nandi. (FAO, 25 Apr 2017)
As of 23 May, Fall Armyworm has affected more than 143,000 hectares of land in major maize and wheat-producing counties [in Kenya]. [FAO] and the Ministry of Agriculture have adopted a planning response figure of 800,000 hectares, which requires US$33.5 million for pesticides and awareness campaigns in the medium term. US$6.6 million is required for an immediate response. (OCHA, UNCT Kenya, 23 May 2017)
In collaboration with [FAO] and other development partners, the Government of Ethiopia has intensified efforts to protect major maize growing areas from the ravage of the fall armyworm. The fall armyworm, which first arrived in Africa in 2016, was intercepted on a few hectares of irrigated maize fields in southern Ethiopia in the last week of February 2017. It has now covered about 52 962 hectares in 144 districts in three of the major maize-growing regional states – Gambella, Oromia and Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples’ Region (SNNPR)...The Government of Ethiopia allocated nearly USD 2 million to tackle the problem. (FAO, 30 May 2017)
[F]all armyworm, which has caused extensive damage to maize crops in southern Africa, has spread to the east and has worsened the situation. In Kenya, the pest has so far affected about 200 000 hectares of crops, and in Uganda more than half the country's 111 districts are affected. (FAO, 14 Jul 2017)
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Record-high rains continue to drive improvements but localized floods strain livelihoods
Extended lean season likely in Karamoja, though Minimal (IPC Phase 1) expected in post-harvest period
27 June 2018, Rome - Fall Armyworm keeps spreading to larger areas within countries in sub-Saharan Africa and becomes more destructive as it feeds on more crops and different parts of crops, increasingly growing an appetite for sorghum, in addition to maize. The pest could spread to Northern Africa, Southern Europe and the Near East, warned the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) today. The agency called for a massive scaling up of the Fall Armyworm campaign to involve more than 500 000 farmers in sub-Saharan Africa.
The United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization and Pennsylvania State University joined forces to develop and launch an innovative, talking app - Nuru - to help African farmers recognize Fall Armyworm, a new and fast-spreading crop pest in sub-Saharan Africa, so that they can take immediate steps to destroy it and curb its spread.
A simple technique is saving farms from the crop-destroying pest
22 June 2018, Embu, KENYA - ‘With a good harvest, we have enough maize for ourselves, and then some to sell. But right now we have to buy the maize to feed the family,' says Agnes Waithira Muli, a smallholder farmer in Embu county in central Kenya. She and her husband lost most of their last crop due to Fall Armyworm (FAW), a potentially devastating insect pest that has spread across much of Africa.
Humanitarian Situation and Needs
• Plus de 80 000 burundais affectés par les pluies diluviennes depuis janvier ;
• Malgré une bonne saison agricole 2018A, près de 1,7 million de burundais restent en insécurité alimentaire (IPC3, en crise) ;
• Entre janvier 2016 et mai 2018, la Hotline a reçu 7 370 appels.
Pop. dans le besoin 3,6 millions
Population ciblée 2,4 millions
PDI 169 374
Réfugiés congolais 72 212
Réfugiés burundais 413 283
Pers. en insécurité alimentaire 1,7 million
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Average 2018B crop production despite significant pulse losses due to excess moisture
Widespread floods in April resulting in displacement of about 9 600 individuals
Above-average 2018A season output due to favourable weather conditions
Prices of maize declining in recent months to low levels, prices of beans on increase
About 1.67 million people estimated to be severely food insecure, 35 percent less than one year earlier, due to improved crop production
Fighting in Unity displaces populations, worsens humanitarian needs
Famine risk increases in parts of Eastern Equatoria, Jonglei, Unity, and Western Bahr el Ghazal
USAID/FFP partner WFP reaches 2.6 million people with emergency food assistance in April
Early green harvest consumption supports Minimal (IPC Phase 1) outcomes in bimodal areas
Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification
The average amount of rainfall received in the month of May was normal and it was above the long term average.
The water recharge level in rivers was normal with water subsiding in the earlier flooded areas. There were suspected cases of 3 Cholera cases in Kathangachini.
Vegetation cover across the County was normal with an improving trend due to persistent rainfall.
Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification
Drought Phase: Normal-Stable
The biophysical indicators show positive fluctuations above the expected seasonal ranges.
Below average rainfall was received in the month of May 2018.
The May Vegetation Condition Index values for Baringo County are above normal and improving.
The Water levels in water pans are normal at 5(70%-100%).
The Cabinet has approved the Public Finance Management (National Drought Emergency Fund) Regulations, 2018. The Regulations are meant to guide the operations of the National Drought Emergency Fund which is to be established for the purpose of improving the effectiveness and efficiency of drought risk management systems in the country as well as to provide a common basket of emergency funds for drought risk management.
The establishment of the NDEF reflects a wider Government policy shift towards drought risk management rather than crisis.
- Rainfall: There was early onset of the long rains which was in the first dekad of the month of March. Above normal rainfall was received in the region during the reporting month.
- Vegetation Condition: The pasture and browse condition is good in both livelihood zones occasioned by regeneration due to the ongoing rains.
- Uncharacteristically high rainfall was received this month. Spatial distribution was however good. Temporal distribution was poor leading to flash floods in several pockets.
- Natural vegetation has improved significantly with Vegetation Condition Index increasing strikingly.
- Pastures and browse are of good conditions and in all livelihood zones.
- The biophysical indicators show positive fluctuations above the expected seasonal ranges.
- Above average rainfall was received in the month of March 2018.
- The April Vegetation Condition Index values for Baringo County are above normal indicating the condition is normal.
- The Water levels in water pans are normal at 5 (70%-100%).
- The county continued to receive heavy in April with good temporal and even spatial distribution.
- Flash floods were reported in many parts of the county.
- Water was adequate with most pans fully recharged.
- The vegetation condition improved from severe deficit in February to above normal in April due to good rains.
- Rainfall: Marsabit County received torrential rainfall amounts which were well distributed in time and space across the livelihood zones.
- Vegetation condition: 3-months Vegetation Condition Index for April was 68.93 which depicted significant vegetation rejuvenation from moderate vegetation deficit in March to above normal vegetation greenness in the month under review. Forage condition is generally good across the livelihood zones.
- The month of April experience above normal rainfall. The rainfall was heavy in space and time across all livelihood zones.
- The vegetation greenness was above normal in all the livelihood zones.
- Rivers were recharged to above normal flows while water holding structures are at full capacity.
- In April, the County experienced 9-15 days of moderate to heavy rainfall. The rains received were generally well distributed in terms of time and space.
- The Vegetation Condition Index (VCI) is above the normal range for the period, indicating very good state of pasture and browse condition across most areas.
- The available pasture and browse is expected to last for at the least 2-3 months.