East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017Ongoing
As millions of east African farmers seek to recover from a devastating drought, they face a new threat – the fall armyworm. The pest has been recently detected in Kenya and is suspected to have entered the country from Uganda. It is also known to be present in Burundi, Ethiopia and Rwanda. The fall armyworm was first reported in western Kenya by farmers in March 2017, and immediately confirmed by the Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service and Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation. The initial counties infested were Busia, TransNzoia, Bungoma, Uasin Gishu and Nandi. (FAO, 25 Apr 2017)
As of 23 May, Fall Armyworm has affected more than 143,000 hectares of land in major maize and wheat-producing counties [in Kenya]. [FAO] and the Ministry of Agriculture have adopted a planning response figure of 800,000 hectares, which requires US$33.5 million for pesticides and awareness campaigns in the medium term. US$6.6 million is required for an immediate response. (OCHA, UNCT Kenya, 23 May 2017)
In collaboration with [FAO] and other development partners, the Government of Ethiopia has intensified efforts to protect major maize growing areas from the ravage of the fall armyworm. The fall armyworm, which first arrived in Africa in 2016, was intercepted on a few hectares of irrigated maize fields in southern Ethiopia in the last week of February 2017. It has now covered about 52 962 hectares in 144 districts in three of the major maize-growing regional states – Gambella, Oromia and Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples’ Region (SNNPR)...The Government of Ethiopia allocated nearly USD 2 million to tackle the problem. (FAO, 30 May 2017)
[F]all armyworm, which has caused extensive damage to maize crops in southern Africa, has spread to the east and has worsened the situation. In Kenya, the pest has so far affected about 200 000 hectares of crops, and in Uganda more than half the country's 111 districts are affected. (FAO, 14 Jul 2017)
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Strong cereal harvests are keeping global food supplies buoyant, but localised drought, flooding and protracted conflicts have intensified and perpetuated food insecurity, according to the new edition of FAO's Crop Prospects and Food Situation report. Some 37 countries, 29 of which are in Africa, require external assistance for food, according to the report.
Efforts in South Sudan to fight Fall armyworm, an insect that destroys crops, have received a boost thanks to the Government of Japan’s decision to provide $3 million to support a project run by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Food Programme (WFP) together with South Sudan’s Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security. The project seeks to train farmers to combat the spread of Fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda), strengthen food security and build the resilience of local communities in affected areas.
Large-scale Emergencies continue in South Sudan, Somalia, Yemen, and Ethiopia
Conflict and drought are driving very high assistance needs in East Africa and Yemen, with more than 35 million people likely to require humanitarian assistance by May 2018. Sustained, large-scale humanitarian assistance is needed to protect livelihoods and mitigate the potential for loss of life.
Stressed outcomes persist due to constrained purchasing power
Poor rural households are relying heavily on taro roots, bananas, and vegetables that are harvested almost year-round to sustain their minimum food needs, amidst below-average labor incomes and constrained purchasing power. Most poor households are likely to remain Stressed (IPC Phase 2) until May 2018, but localized poor households that experienced a below-average Season B harvest and potentially Season A are likely to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes.
Second season harvest supporting Minimal (IPC Phase 1) outcomes in most areas
Fall Armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda), FAW, is an insect native to tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas. Its larval stage (photo) feeds on more than 80 plant species, including maize, rice, sorghum, millet, sugarcane, vegetable crops and cotton. FAW can cause significant yield losses if not well managed. It can have a number of generations per year and the moth can fly up to 100 km per night.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Good overall conditions of 2018A crops to be harvested in early 2018
Satisfactory 2017cereal output despite poor performance of 2017A harvest due to insufficient rains
Prices of maize declined in recent months but remain at high levels due to reduced imports
About 2.6 million people estimated to be severely food insecure due to insecurity and economic crisis
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Favourable prospects for 2017 main “meher” season
Output of 2017 “belg” secondary season harvest estimated at below-average levels due to erratic rainfall
Fall Armyworm infestations affected crops in 65 percent of country’s districts; Government, with technical and financial support of FAO, undertook appropriate control measures
Uganda hosts the largest population of refugees and asylum-seekers in Africa. As of November 2017 nearly 1.4 million refugees and asylum-seekers have sought shelter in Uganda, including more than 1 million South Sudanese. Furthermore, 61 percent of the refugee population in Uganda is under 18 years of age.
Summary of the revision made to the Emergency Plan of Action
This update provides an overview on Kenya Red Cross Society actions for the response to date and seek for a timeframe extension for an additional three months until 28 February 2018. The second appeal revision which was done in March 2017 was to increase the budget to 25,062,572 Swiss Francs and target beneficiaries to 1,033,300. The emergency appeal is currently 26 percent funded (CHF 6,453,908).
Food security outcomes expected to improve through May 2018
Following the beginning of the conflict in South Sudan in 2013, the town of Wadakona, Manyo County, has been contested by various armed actors until March 2015, when it fell under government control.
Since then, spillovers of fighting in closeby areas of Manyo County has reached Wadakona on occasions, further triggering displacement. In February 2017, fighting reached Wadakona and remaining civilians were evacuated to Renk.1 Most recently, in June 2017, fighting took place in the nearby towns of Ghabat, Kuek and Kola.
- Government and partners continue to respond to the rising needs of conflictinduced IDPs in Oromia and Somali regions, but humanitarian needs surpass available resources.
Government and partners responding to needs of conflict-induced IDPs, gap remains high
I. INTRODUCTION AND KEY TAKEAWAYS
The benchmark US wheat price declined in October mostly because of higher supply prospects while maize quotations firmed due to rain-induced harvest delays. International rice prices strengthened in October, mainly reflecting seasonally tight Japonica and fragrant supplies.
Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification
- Showers were recorded with dry days intervals in the first dekad and second dekad of the month mostly in the Mixed farming zone with some areas of the county recording dry days during the month.
- Vegetation condition: The 3 month vegetation condition index (VCI) for the County is 33.64 depicting a moderate vegetation deficit.
Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)\
Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification
The county experienced rainfall during the month under review with a distribution in time of 10-13 days. In reference to Nasukuta rainfall station, the cumulative rainfall for the 6-month period (April-September 2017) represents 90% of the total rainfall received normally for the period.
In response to the worsening humanitarian context, the Government and humanitarian partners have increased the funding appeal of the Humanitarian Requirements Document to $1.4 billion. The revision took into account the increased needs of those internally displaced by conflict and drought.
The Government of Ethiopia and humanitarian partners are preparing for the next humanitarian needs assessment, tentatively scheduled to start third week of November. The findings will inform the humanitarian plans for 2018.
Early start of second season harvest improves national food security