East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017Ongoing
As millions of east African farmers seek to recover from a devastating drought, they face a new threat – the fall armyworm. The pest has been recently detected in Kenya and is suspected to have entered the country from Uganda. It is also known to be present in Burundi, Ethiopia and Rwanda. The fall armyworm was first reported in western Kenya by farmers in March 2017, and immediately confirmed by the Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service and Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation. The initial counties infested were Busia, TransNzoia, Bungoma, Uasin Gishu and Nandi. (FAO, 25 Apr 2017)
As of 23 May, Fall Armyworm has affected more than 143,000 hectares of land in major maize and wheat-producing counties [in Kenya]. [FAO] and the Ministry of Agriculture have adopted a planning response figure of 800,000 hectares, which requires US$33.5 million for pesticides and awareness campaigns in the medium term. US$6.6 million is required for an immediate response. (OCHA, UNCT Kenya, 23 May 2017)
In collaboration with [FAO] and other development partners, the Government of Ethiopia has intensified efforts to protect major maize growing areas from the ravage of the fall armyworm. The fall armyworm, which first arrived in Africa in 2016, was intercepted on a few hectares of irrigated maize fields in southern Ethiopia in the last week of February 2017. It has now covered about 52 962 hectares in 144 districts in three of the major maize-growing regional states – Gambella, Oromia and Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples’ Region (SNNPR)...The Government of Ethiopia allocated nearly USD 2 million to tackle the problem. (FAO, 30 May 2017)
[F]all armyworm, which has caused extensive damage to maize crops in southern Africa, has spread to the east and has worsened the situation. In Kenya, the pest has so far affected about 200 000 hectares of crops, and in Uganda more than half the country's 111 districts are affected. (FAO, 14 Jul 2017)
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Although the pastoral northeast (Garissa, Wajir, Mandera and parts of Tana River counties) and pastoral north-west (Mainly Turkana, West Pokot and Marsabit) are generally classified as Stressed under the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC), there are about 700,000 people here in the Crisis phase of food insecurity. After two to three poor seasons, these households have not fully recovered. Most of them lost productive assets during last year’s drought and face considerable food gaps.
Poor food consumption persists in Torit and Juba WFP/Madonna Kanisio
Overall, there is high market dependence, particularly in Kapoeta South where all households reported depending on markets for their food needs
Informal and unreliable sources constitute the main sources of income for most households, 55% reported deacrease in income compared to the same time last year.
The net cereal production in 2017 (after deduction of post-harvest losses and seed use) in the traditional sector, is estimated at 764 107 tonnes, 7.5 percent down from 2016, 14 percent below the average of the previous five years and the smallest recorded output since the start of the conflict.
With a projected population of about 11.4 million in mid-2018, the overall cereal deficit in the JanuaryDecember 2018 marketing year is estimated at about 482 000 tonnes, 26 percent above the deficit estimated for 2017.
La sécurité alimentaire dans les communautés s’améliore avec la baisse des prix sur le marché et la constitution des stocks
Durant le mois de Janvier, les conditions de disponibilité et d'accessibilité, à travers le pays, se sont améliorées.
Les récoltes encours de la saison 2018A s’accompagnent d’une baisse des prix des denrées alimentaires, en particulier le haricot, le maïs et la pomme de terre.