East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017Ongoing
As millions of east African farmers seek to recover from a devastating drought, they face a new threat – the fall armyworm. The pest has been recently detected in Kenya and is suspected to have entered the country from Uganda. It is also known to be present in Burundi, Ethiopia and Rwanda. The fall armyworm was first reported in western Kenya by farmers in March 2017, and immediately confirmed by the Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service and Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation. The initial counties infested were Busia, TransNzoia, Bungoma, Uasin Gishu and Nandi. (FAO, 25 Apr 2017)
As of 23 May, Fall Armyworm has affected more than 143,000 hectares of land in major maize and wheat-producing counties [in Kenya]. [FAO] and the Ministry of Agriculture have adopted a planning response figure of 800,000 hectares, which requires US$33.5 million for pesticides and awareness campaigns in the medium term. US$6.6 million is required for an immediate response. (OCHA, UNCT Kenya, 23 May 2017)
In collaboration with [FAO] and other development partners, the Government of Ethiopia has intensified efforts to protect major maize growing areas from the ravage of the fall armyworm. The fall armyworm, which first arrived in Africa in 2016, was intercepted on a few hectares of irrigated maize fields in southern Ethiopia in the last week of February 2017. It has now covered about 52 962 hectares in 144 districts in three of the major maize-growing regional states – Gambella, Oromia and Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples’ Region (SNNPR)...The Government of Ethiopia allocated nearly USD 2 million to tackle the problem. (FAO, 30 May 2017)
[F]all armyworm, which has caused extensive damage to maize crops in southern Africa, has spread to the east and has worsened the situation. In Kenya, the pest has so far affected about 200 000 hectares of crops, and in Uganda more than half the country's 111 districts are affected. (FAO, 14 Jul 2017)
Most read reports
- African Development Bank leads pan-African campaign against Fall Army Worm
- Africa Regional Media Hub Press Briefing on World Food Day with USAID Bureau for Food Security Assistant Administrator Beth Dunford and USAID Food for Peace Director Matt Nims via Teleconference
- Government of South Sudan develop long-term plan to fight Fall Armyworm
- ACAPS Briefing Note – Ethiopia: Displacement in Benishangul-Gumuz and Oromia regions, 15 October 2018
- South Sudan Key IPC Findings: September 2018 - March 2019
In the second half of the year, Ethiopia has faced with an unprecedented surge of inter- communal conflict in Gedeo zone (SNNP region) and West Guji zone (Oromia region), which at its height, displaced some 818,000 people.
The Early Warning Early Action initiative has been developed with the understanding that disaster losses and emergency response costs can be drastically reduced by using early warning analysis to act before a crisis escalates into an emergency. Early actions strengthen the resilience of at-risk populations, mitigate the impact of disasters and help communities, governments and national and international humanitarian agencies to respond more effectively and efficiently.
José Graziano da Silva, FAO Director-General
- Both surface and underground water sources are still holding water due to above normal March – May rainfall. However reduction is expected to start in the next one month.
- Vegetation greenness was above the long term mean; pasture was good and is likely to remain so for the next two months.
Available harvests, low staple prices, and increased milk production improving food security
The Early Warning Early Action initiative has been developed with the understanding that disaster losses and emergency response costs can be drastically reduced by using early warning analysis to act before a crisis escalates into an emergency.
Early actions strengthen the resilience of at-risk populations, mitigate the impact of disasters and help communities, governments and national and international humanitarian agencies to respond more effectively and efficiently.
José Graziano da Silva, FAO Director-General
Food security improves significantly in southeastern areas, but continued assistance is needed
Above-average rainfall received in the north, with increasing risk of early season floods
UN records at least seven aid worker deaths since January
ICRC delivers humanitarian assistance in Leer for the first time since early April
USAID/FFP partner WFP reaches 2.6 million people with emergency food assistance in May
Humanitarian Situation and Needs
• Plus de 80 000 burundais affectés par les pluies diluviennes depuis janvier ;
• Malgré une bonne saison agricole 2018A, près de 1,7 million de burundais restent en insécurité alimentaire (IPC3, en crise) ;
• Entre janvier 2016 et mai 2018, la Hotline a reçu 7 370 appels.
Pop. dans le besoin 3,6 millions
Population ciblée 2,4 millions
PDI 169 374
Réfugiés congolais 72 212
Réfugiés burundais 413 283
Pers. en insécurité alimentaire 1,7 million
- In the period May to July 2018, an estimated 7.1 million (63% of the population would face crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food insecurity conditions, of which 155,000 are estimated to be in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) in the protracted absence of humanitarian assistance.
INTRODUCTION & KEY TAKEAWAYS
This Outlook provides an overview of the anticipated humanitarian situation in the Great Lakes region from January to June 2018. It focuses on Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda and neighbouring countries—including Angola, Kenya and Zambia—that have received refugees and asylum-seekers due to the DRC crisis.
Given the recurrent nature of climate-driven humanitarian crises in Ethiopia, Government and partners have agreed that a significant shift in approach is required.
• Average harvests expected: Rains have been above average in January, ending the December dry spell, which is likely to lead to average Season 2018A harvests, already underway. Most poor households are expected to remain in Stressed (IPC Phase 2); however, in Gihanga Commune in Bubanza Province, maize production is likely to be below average due to a more severe dry spell and Fall Armyworm infestations, causing some poor households to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) through the lean season in May.
BESOINS HUMANITAIRES ET CHIFFRES CLES
Annual lean season begins early across South Sudan
GoRSS declares end of cholera outbreak
Clashes continue despite cessation of hostilities agreement
INTRODUCTION & KEY TAKEAWAYS
This alert has been prepared as a complement to the indicative humanitarian needs and requirements for Ethiopia presented in the 2018 Global Humanitarian Overview.
In advance of the finalization of the meher assessment results, it is anticipated that between 5 and 7 million people will be targeted with relief assistance, requiring around $895 million over the course of 2018.
The priorities for immediate financing highlighted in this document are geared towards achieving two purposes:
Armed clashes continue in violation of cessation of hostilities agreement
2018 South Sudan HRP calls for more than $1.7 billion to meet the humanitarian needs of 6 million people