East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017Ongoing
As millions of east African farmers seek to recover from a devastating drought, they face a new threat – the fall armyworm. The pest has been recently detected in Kenya and is suspected to have entered the country from Uganda. It is also known to be present in Burundi, Ethiopia and Rwanda. The fall armyworm was first reported in western Kenya by farmers in March 2017, and immediately confirmed by the Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service and Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation. The initial counties infested were Busia, TransNzoia, Bungoma, Uasin Gishu and Nandi. (FAO, 25 Apr 2017)
As of 23 May, Fall Armyworm has affected more than 143,000 hectares of land in major maize and wheat-producing counties [in Kenya]. [FAO] and the Ministry of Agriculture have adopted a planning response figure of 800,000 hectares, which requires US$33.5 million for pesticides and awareness campaigns in the medium term. US$6.6 million is required for an immediate response. (OCHA, UNCT Kenya, 23 May 2017)
In collaboration with [FAO] and other development partners, the Government of Ethiopia has intensified efforts to protect major maize growing areas from the ravage of the fall armyworm. The fall armyworm, which first arrived in Africa in 2016, was intercepted on a few hectares of irrigated maize fields in southern Ethiopia in the last week of February 2017. It has now covered about 52 962 hectares in 144 districts in three of the major maize-growing regional states – Gambella, Oromia and Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples’ Region (SNNPR)...The Government of Ethiopia allocated nearly USD 2 million to tackle the problem. (FAO, 30 May 2017)
[F]all armyworm, which has caused extensive damage to maize crops in southern Africa, has spread to the east and has worsened the situation. In Kenya, the pest has so far affected about 200 000 hectares of crops, and in Uganda more than half the country's 111 districts are affected. (FAO, 14 Jul 2017)
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- Not just maize: Africa’s fall Armyworm crisis threatens sorghum, other crops, too
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- GIEWS Country Brief: Uganda 07-November-2018
- Government of South Sudan develop long-term plan to fight Fall Armyworm
- South Sudan Key IPC Findings: September 2018 - March 2019
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Early season dryness affected planting and establishment of second season crops in Eastern Region
First season cereal production in 2018 estimated at above-average levels
Delayed harvest and reduced cereal output in Karamoja Region due to floods and erratic rains
Prices of maize seasonally increasing in recent months but still at low levels
Pockets of severe food insecurity in Karamoja Region
Food security conditions improve in Kenya, decreasing the food-insecure population to approximately 700,000 people
March-to-May long rains result in extensive flooding, affecting an estimated 800,000 people
The USG provides more than $131.4 million in FY 2018 humanitarian funding
PRES DE 13,1 MILLIONS DE PERSONNES ISSUES DES MILIEUX RURAUX VIVENT EN INSECURITE ALIMENTAIRE AIGUË CORRESPONDANT AUX PHASES DE CRISE (3) ET D’URGENCE (4) DE LA CLASSIFICATION INTERNATIONALE DE L’IPC
Contribute to raising awareness of fall armyworm (FAW) across South Sudan and establish surveillance and monitoring systems to track the pest’s spread and impact. The project also focused on increasing the resilience of particularly vulnerable households by providing alternative livelihood options, comprising relevant inputs and training.
Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security of South Sudan (MAFS) and the World Food Programme.
18 000 households.
The African Development Bank recently convened a meeting of experts and stakeholders in the agricultural sector to design integrated pest and disease management mechanisms for controlling the spread of the Fall Army Worm in East Africa.
The Fall Army Worm or Spodoptera frugiperda is an invasive insect threatening food supplies and incomes of millions of African smallholder farmers. The multi-stakeholder, regional action plans to stop the menace of the worm in Africa falls under the Bank’s Technologies for African Agriculture Transformation (TAAT) agenda.
For Immediate Release
Tuesday, October 16, 2018 Office of Press Relations
Telephone: +1.202.712.4320 | Email: email@example.com
October 15, 2018
Over 100,000 people fleeing ethnic violence have been displaced in BenishangulGumuz (mainly in Kamashi Zone) and Oromia regions (mainly East Wollega and West Wollega zones). There are indications that displacement is rising, though the size of the displaced population is not clear. Urgent humanitarian needs are reported, including food, shelter, NFI and health (The reporter Ethiopia 06/10/2018, La Vanguardia 13/10/2018, Voa News 02/10/2018, OCHA 10/2018, The reporter Ethiopia 06/10/2018).
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Food security situation is dire across the country, with 6 million people, about 60 percent of total population requiring urgent humanitarian assistance
Crop production in 2018 expected to recover in some areas from record low levels of 2017 following localized improvements in terms of security
Aggregate 2018 output still forecast at below-average levels due to protracted and widespread conflict
The Early Warning Early Action initiative has been developed with the understanding that disaster losses and emergency response costs can be drastically reduced by using early warning analysis to act before a crisis escalates into an emergency. Early actions strengthen the resilience of at-risk populations, mitigate the impact of disasters and help communities, governments and national and international humanitarian agencies to respond more effectively and efficiently.
José Graziano da Silva, FAO Director-General
Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes in Karamoja likely to persist until July 2019
- Based on the September IPC analysis, it is expected that 6.1 million people (59% of the total population) faced Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food insecurity at the peak of the lean season (July – August), of whom 47,000 were in Catastrophe (IPC phase 5) and 1.7 million were in Emergency (IPC Phase 4).
South Sudan’s Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security, with support from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has developed a five-year plan for sustainable management and control of Fall Armyworm in the country. Expected to cost $26 million, the Strategic Plan for Sustainable Management of Fall Armyworm in South Sudan includes guidance to help the country mobilize resources to significantly reduce yield losses from infestation by the pest.
Since mid-July, persistent and well above-average seasonal rains in Sudan caused significant levels of flooding. According to reports, over 45,000 people have been affected in West Kordofan, Kassala, El Gezira, Sennar, and Northern states. Meanwhile, large areas of western Ethiopia, southeastern South Sudan, and northern Uganda have experienced significant rainfall deficits for the past month, resulting in soil and crop moisture stress.
Harvests in bimodal areas support food access, despite ongoing lean season in Karamoja
The **FAWRisk-Map** incorporates diverse socio-economic and agro-ecological data so that responders can visualise where the underlying risk of household **food insecurity** due to Fall Armyworm is highest. The tool consists of a number of layers allowing users to disaggregate risk into its constituent parts. By highlighting potential "hotspots", the tool is intended to assist decision-makers in prioritising and preparing for early action in targeted areas.
The Early Warning Early Action initiative has been developed with the understanding that disaster losses and emergency response costs can be drastically reduced by using early warning analysis to act before a crisis escalates into an emergency.
Early actions strengthen the resilience of at-risk populations, mitigate the impact of disasters and help communities, governments and national and international humanitarian agencies to respond more effectively and efficiently.
José Graziano da Silva, FAO Director-General
Food security improves significantly in southeastern areas, but continued assistance is needed
Above-average rainfall received in the north, with increasing risk of early season floods
UN records at least seven aid worker deaths since January
ICRC delivers humanitarian assistance in Leer for the first time since early April
USAID/FFP partner WFP reaches 2.6 million people with emergency food assistance in May
Extended lean season likely in Karamoja, though Minimal (IPC Phase 1) expected in post-harvest period