East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017Ongoing
As millions of east African farmers seek to recover from a devastating drought, they face a new threat – the fall armyworm. The pest has been recently detected in Kenya and is suspected to have entered the country from Uganda. It is also known to be present in Burundi, Ethiopia and Rwanda. The fall armyworm was first reported in western Kenya by farmers in March 2017, and immediately confirmed by the Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service and Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation. The initial counties infested were Busia, TransNzoia, Bungoma, Uasin Gishu and Nandi. (FAO, 25 Apr 2017)
As of 23 May, Fall Armyworm has affected more than 143,000 hectares of land in major maize and wheat-producing counties [in Kenya]. [FAO] and the Ministry of Agriculture have adopted a planning response figure of 800,000 hectares, which requires US$33.5 million for pesticides and awareness campaigns in the medium term. US$6.6 million is required for an immediate response. (OCHA, UNCT Kenya, 23 May 2017)
In collaboration with [FAO] and other development partners, the Government of Ethiopia has intensified efforts to protect major maize growing areas from the ravage of the fall armyworm. The fall armyworm, which first arrived in Africa in 2016, was intercepted on a few hectares of irrigated maize fields in southern Ethiopia in the last week of February 2017. It has now covered about 52 962 hectares in 144 districts in three of the major maize-growing regional states – Gambella, Oromia and Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples’ Region (SNNPR)...The Government of Ethiopia allocated nearly USD 2 million to tackle the problem. (FAO, 30 May 2017)
[F]all armyworm, which has caused extensive damage to maize crops in southern Africa, has spread to the east and has worsened the situation. In Kenya, the pest has so far affected about 200 000 hectares of crops, and in Uganda more than half the country's 111 districts are affected. (FAO, 14 Jul 2017)
Since mid-July, persistent and well above-average seasonal rains in Sudan caused significant levels of flooding. According to reports, over 45,000 people have been affected in West Kordofan, Kassala, El Gezira, Sennar, and Northern states. Meanwhile, large areas of western Ethiopia, southeastern South Sudan, and northern Uganda have experienced significant rainfall deficits for the past month, resulting in soil and crop moisture stress.
The **FAWRisk-Map** incorporates diverse socio-economic and agro-ecological data so that responders can visualise where the underlying risk of household **food insecurity** due to Fall Armyworm is highest. The tool consists of a number of layers allowing users to disaggregate risk into its constituent parts. By highlighting potential "hotspots", the tool is intended to assist decision-makers in prioritising and preparing for early action in targeted areas.
• Plus de 34 000 réfugiés burundais de Tanzanie rapatriés depuis septembre 2017 ;
• Près de 187 000 déplacés internes enregistrés au 31 mai dernier ;
• Plus de 3 millions d’animaux vaccinés contre la peste des petits ruminants.
Pop. dans le besoin 3,6 millions
H (6) F E 0,85M 0,88M 1,87M
Population ciblée 2,4 millions
H F E 0,53M 0,55M 1,28M
PDI 178 267
H: n/a F: n/a
Many countries across the African continent face recurrent complex emergencies, frequent food insecurity, cyclical drought, and sudden-onset disasters, such as earthquakes, floods, and storms. In FY 2017, USAID/OFDA continued to respond to urgent needs resulting from disasters and support DRR programs that improve emergency preparedness and response capacity at local, national, and regional levels.
Above-average rainfall received in the north, with increasing risk of early season floods
• Plus de 80 000 burundais affectés par les pluies diluviennes depuis janvier ;
• Malgré une bonne saison agricole 2018A, près de 1,7 million de burundais restent en insécurité alimentaire (IPC3, en crise) ;
• Entre janvier 2016 et mai 2018, la Hotline a reçu 7 370 appels.
Pop. dans le besoin 3,6 millions
Population ciblée 2,4 millions
PDI 169 374
Réfugiés congolais 72 212
Réfugiés burundais 413 283
Pers. en insécurité alimentaire 1,7 million
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Average 2018B crop production despite significant pulse losses due to excess moisture
Widespread floods in April resulting in displacement of about 9 600 individuals
Above-average 2018A season output due to favourable weather conditions
Prices of maize declining in recent months to low levels, prices of beans on increase
About 1.67 million people estimated to be severely food insecure, 35 percent less than one year earlier, due to improved crop production
Entre Mars et mi-Avril 2018, soit la période de récolte et post récolte, seule la commune de Kinyinya de la province de Ruyigi est classée en phase de Crise (IPC Phase 3), le reste du pays est classé en phase de Stress (IPC phase 2) et Insécurité alimentaire minimale (Phase 1). Durant la prochaine période de soudure de mi-Avril à Mai 2018, la proportion des populations en phase de Crise pourrait connaître une augmentation de 3% par rapport à la phase actuelle.
Précipitations plus abondantes que d’habitude dans le Centre-est de la RDC en cette saison agricole B
La saison agricole A au Nord-est de la RDC et la saison B dans le Centre-est ont démarré depuis le mois de mars 2018 par le semis des principaux vivriers comme le maïs, l’arachide et le haricot. Les activités en cette période consistent aux travaux d’entretien des espaces emblavées en attente des prochaines récoltes qui pourront intervenir à partir de juin 2018 dans les zones citées.
This quarterly update is compiled by OCHA ROSEA to support growth in innovative policy, practice and partnerships in humanitarian action to better engage with disaster-affected communities across Southern and Eastern Africa.
CwC News in Southern & Eastern Africa
• Près de trois quarts des écoles publiques n’ont pas accès à l’eau potable
• Plus de 5 000 burundais déplacés internes ont bénéficié de solutions durables
• La peste des petits ruminants a causé la mort de 8 555 animaux de janvier à mi-mars 2018
Pop. dans le besoin 3,6 millions H:0,85M F:0,88M E:1,87M Population
ciblée 2,4 millions H: 0,53MF: 0,55M E:1,28M
PDI 174,011 H: 79k F: 95k
Réfugiés congolais 71 694 H: n/a F: n/a
• Plus de 700 000 burundais ont été soutenus par le secteur de la sécurité alimentaire en 2017
• Plus de 8 200 congolais ont trouvé refuge au Burundi en janvier 2018
Pop. dans le besoin 3,6 millions - H: 0,85M F: 0,88M E: 1,87M
Population ciblée 2,4 millions - H: 0,53M F: 0,55M E: 1,28M
PDI 175,936 - H: 79k F: 97k
Réfugiés congolais 64 301 - H: n/a F: n/a
Réfugiés burundais 395 594 - H: 202k F: 194k
Pers. en insécurité alimentaire 2,6 millions - IPC 3 1,9 M IPC 4 0,7 M
INTRODUCTION & KEY TAKEAWAYS
This Outlook provides an overview of the anticipated humanitarian situation in the Great Lakes region from January to June 2018. It focuses on Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda and neighbouring countries—including Angola, Kenya and Zambia—that have received refugees and asylum-seekers due to the DRC crisis.
The application is vital for early detection of Fall Armyworm and guiding best response
14 March 2018, Rome - FAO has launched a mobile application to enable farmers, agricultural workers and other partners at the frontline of the fight against Fall Armyworm in Africa to identify, report the level of infestation, and map the spread of this destructive insect, as well as to describe its natural enemies and the measures that are most effective in managing it.
↗ International prices of wheat and maize increased further in February, mainly supported by weather-related concerns and currency movements. Export price quotations of rice also continued to strengthen, although the increases were capped by subsiding global demand for Indica supplies.
↗ In East Africa, in the Sudan, prices of the main staples: sorghum, millet and wheat, continued to increase in February and reached record highs, underpinned by the removal of the wheat subsidies and the strong depreciation of the Sudanese Pound.
COUNTRIES REQUIRING EXTERNAL ASSISTANCE FOR FOOD
FAO assesses that globally 37 countries are in need of external assistance for food.
Conflicts continue to be the main factor driving the high levels of severe food insecurity.
Weather shocks have also adversely impacted food availability and access, notably in East Africa.
Despite favorable harvests, limited incomes continue to hinder food access
• A depreciating national currency, shortage of foreign exchange reserves, and trade restrictions with neighboring countries continue to limit Burundi’s capacity to import food, keeping staple food prices above five-year average levels.
Likely average Season A harvests to help maintain favorable food access
Overall, the 2018 Season A harvest is expected to be average, despite some production deficits in the east. With existing income-earning opportunities and a favorable Season B rainfall forecast, Minimal (IPC Phase 1) outcomes are expected to continue countrywide through September 2018. However, some poor households in Kayonza, Kirehe, and Nyagatare districts in Eastern Province may already be in Stressed (IPC Phase 2) due to below-average Season A production.