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18 Jun 2018 description

In Numbers

  • 64 mt of food assistance distributed

  • US$1.13 m six months (Jun-Nov 2018) net funding requirements, representing 47% of total

  • 35,548 people assisted in May 2018

Operational Context

08 May 2018 description

Highlights
- Most of Southern Africa experienced erratic rainfall, delayed start of rainy season and extended midseason dry-spell from December to February which have wilted early planted crops in the region.
- In March 2018, significant rainfall was received in central and eastern parts of South Africa.

07 May 2018 description

Key Messages

  • Cereal production during the upcoming harvest season in Southern Africa is expected to be below average, despite the heavy late rains, which benefitted the late planted crops. This is due to a late start of the rainy season, minimal to no rains during the critical planting season (December -January), high temperatures and the prevalence of Fall Armyworm (FAW).

15 Mar 2018 description

The application is vital for early detection of Fall Armyworm and guiding best response

14 March 2018, Rome - FAO has launched a mobile application to enable farmers, agricultural workers and other partners at the frontline of the fight against Fall Armyworm in Africa to identify, report the level of infestation, and map the spread of this destructive insect, as well as to describe its natural enemies and the measures that are most effective in managing it.

13 Mar 2018 description

SITUATION OVERVIEW

  • Maize is the main staple and cereal crop. Maize crop failures in the region have historically had significant impact on food security.

  • Erratic rainfall, high temperatures and persistent Fall Armyworm infestation lower cereal crop production prospects for 2018 in Southern Africa.

05 Mar 2018 description

COUNTRIES REQUIRING EXTERNAL ASSISTANCE FOR FOOD

FAO assesses that globally 37 countries are in need of external assistance for food.
Conflicts continue to be the main factor driving the high levels of severe food insecurity.
Weather shocks have also adversely impacted food availability and access, notably in East Africa.

REGIONAL HIGHLIGHTS

27 Feb 2018 description

Key Figures
- 75% shortfall in rain in large parts of the region during January
- 14,732 cholera cases and 218 deaths reported since 2017
- 234,200 people affected by floods and cyclones in 2018

Overview

23 Feb 2018 description

Highlights

  • In January 2018, WFP assisted almost 7,000 people through the Food by Prescription programme. Due to funding shortfalls, there are pipeline breaks for some commodities.

  • Assistance to Orphaned and Vulnerable Children (OVC) reached 55,500 beneficiaries in January 2017, which is more than planned as additional children were found to be attending an increased number of NCPs

Operational Updates

HIV and Nutrition:

12 Feb 2018 description

BACKGROUND

Fall Armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda), FAW, is an insect native to tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas. Its larval stage (photo) feeds on more than 80 plant species, including maize, rice, sorghum, millet, sugarcane, vegetable crops, and cotton. FAW can cause significant yield losses if not well managed. It can have a number of generations per year and the moth can fly up to 100 km per night. Its modality of introduction along with its biological and ecological adaptation across Africa are still speculative.

12 Feb 2018 description

Early action crucial to avert crisis

09 February 2018, Johannesburg/Harare - Prolonged dry spells, erratic rainfall, high temperatures and the presence of the voracious fall armyworm have significantly dampened Southern Africa’s current agricultural season’s cereal production prospects. Early action in the form of consolidating information through assessments and anticipatory measures that reduce the impact of threats are crucial for an effective response.

01 Feb 2018 description

HIGHLIGHTS

• Overall humanitarian needs decrease as Southern Africa recovers from 2015/2016 El Niño-related drought conditions

• Tropical Cyclone Ava results in more than 50 deaths in Madagascar

• Recent analyses project mixed food security outcomes across Southern Africa through mid-2018

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

24 Jan 2018 description

Highlights

  • Dry conditions intensified in the southern half of the region, threatening production prospects in several areas. Abnormally high temperatures accompanied these dry conditions. Short term rainfall forecasts suggest little respite in the near-term.

  • Good rains were received in the northern half of the region, promoting good crop conditions.

  • A cyclone made landfall in Madagascar, causing fatalities, displacement of populations, damage to infrastructure and flooding of thousands of hectares planted to rice.

22 Dec 2017 description

Highlights

  • Good rains were received in the northern half of the region.
  • Low rainfall in the southern half of the region led to delays in planting and crop moisture stress in some areas.
  • Vegetation conditions deteriorated in southern and eastern parts of the region.
  • A fall armyworm outbreak has affected 20 out of 28 districts in Malawi.

Regional Summary

07 Dec 2017 description

Strong cereal harvests are keeping global food supplies buoyant, but localised drought, flooding and protracted conflicts have intensified and perpetuated food insecurity, according to the new edition of FAO's Crop Prospects and Food Situation report. Some 37 countries, 29 of which are in Africa, require external assistance for food, according to the report.

01 Dec 2017 description

Highlights

  • Onset of seasonal rains is delayed in parts of South Africa and Lesotho
  • Rainfall season has started on time in northern parts of the region, and most other areas are expected to experience onset of rains in November
  • Integrated pest management strategies have been recommended for countering fall armyworm outbreaks

Regional Summary