Madagascar: Locusts - May 1997
The locust infestation in Madagascar spread from the southern dry zones to the midwest and northern more fertile regions, inflicting severe additional damage to staple crops and cattle pastures in normally locust free agricultural areas around the country. (Catholic Relief Services, 10 May 1998)
It was estimated that about one to two million hectares were infested by swarms and hopper bands. By the end of May, a rapid survey showed that the entire outbreak area of the south-west was still infested by fifth instar hopper bands and immature swarms. (FAO, 11 Oct 1997)
Most read reports
- CRS: Locust invasion in Madagascar. 10 May 1998
- FAO: African Migratory Locust in Madagascar. 11 Oct 1997
- FAO: Madagascar FacesThreat of Major Plague of Locusts. 17 Apr 1997
- FAO: FAO/WFP mission to assess the impact of crop damage by locusts on the food supply situation in Madagascar. 1 Oct 1997
- UN DHA: Madagascar Locusts Situation Report No. 1. 16 May 1997
Impact on food security and needs for
Field Situation Report
Press Release 97/12
How did the current situation develop?
Numerous swarms of Migratory Locust continue to be present in the southern and south-western parts of Madagascar. Many of these were seen to be flying towards the south and west. Although control operations have been in progress for several months, the situation remains serious. During the last dekad of August, there were 62 sightings of swarms by survey and control teams and another six by other sources. Of these, 58 were Migratory Locust, three were Red Locust, and seven were mixed. The swarms varied from 1 to 400 ha in size.
INTERNATIONAL APPEAL FOR ASSISTANCE
1. The UNDP/DHA Resident Coordinator in Antananarivo reports that the Government of Madagascar has launched an international appeal for assistance in the locust emergency in southern and southwestern Madagascar.
2. Outbreak of locusts has been observed since October 1996 and is now affecting over 2 million hectares of land. The Government estimates the total assistance requirements to be USD 3.5 million, approximately one quarter of which is available.
A massive migratory locust outbreak in southwestern Madagascar may develop into a major plague unless control operations are expanded quickly, warns FAO's Locust Group. FAO has appealed to the donor community for funds totalling US$2 million to purchase the necessary pesticides, rent aircraft and equipment and cover the expenses of ground teams to contain the outbreak.