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INTRODUCTION & KEY TAKEAWAYS
This Outlook provides an overview of the anticipated humanitarian situation in the Great Lakes region from January to June 2018. It focuses on Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda and neighbouring countries—including Angola, Kenya and Zambia—that have received refugees and asylum-seekers due to the DRC crisis.
Since September 2017, 14,941 refugees have been registered at Kenani Transit Centre in Luapula Province. A combined total of 600 children have been registered by Plan and Save the Children in various categories of classes at the CFCs. Five boreholes have been drilled in Mantapala Refugee Settlement by World Vision International.
906 Refugees have been relocated from Kenani to Mantapala in five transfers
150 refugee families have built and moved in to their homes in Mantapala
- 75% shortfall in rain in large parts of the region during January
- 14,732 cholera cases and 218 deaths reported since 2017
- 234,200 people affected by floods and cyclones in 2018
4.49 million People displaced within DRC
630,500 Congolese refugees hosted in the region
78% Of Congolese refugees are women and children
8 Countries covered in this Appeal
A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
The European Investment Bank (EIB) has signed a EUR 102.5 million (ZMK 11,5 billion) concessional loan with the Zambian Ministry of Finance and the Lusaka Water & Sewerage Company (LWSC) in support of local sanitation infrastructure in the Zambian capital.
I. INTRODUCTION AND KEY TAKEAWAYS
According to the National Society’s assessments carried out in the past weeks, a heavy increase in the influx of refugees has been recorded, straining the capacity of the reception and transition centres (TC). The recent increase has triggered an immediate scale-up of the National Society’s activities in order to support and to increase the capacity of the existing transit centres as well as to allow for support outside the centres. The assessment has indicated that the trend is likely to continue, and that the National Society’s interventions may need to be further scaled up.
In response to a severe drought associated with the 2015/16 El Niño episode, the Southern African Development Community launched a regional humanitarian appeal in July 2016 for $2.4 billion to support the needs of the affected population in the affected Member States.
In Zambia, spreadsheets, paper registries and phone calls were once the only way for staff in the Ministry of Health, based in the capital Lusaka, to know if district and provincial health facilities and warehouses had adequate supply of vaccines. Since none of the supply registries were connected to the national warehouse, reporting was never timely.
A severe drought, associated with the El Niño phenomena, resulted in a humanitarian emergency in which an estimated 40 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. Vulnerability assessments and analysis indicated that 23 million required immediate humanitarian assistance, as of June 2016.
In response to this, the Southern African Development Community launched a regional humanitarian appeal for $2.4 billion to support the needs of the affected population in the affected Member States.
Food Assistance in Numbers
- Over the three month peak of the crisis (January—March), WFP’s aims to reach more than 13 million people with food assistance in Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
- In January, food assistance reached 10.6 million people in the seven countries.