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10 Sep 2010 description
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JOHANNESBOURG, 10 septembre 2010 (PLUSNEWS) - Les patients séropositifs sur le point de débuter un traitement antirétroviral sont mis en garde contre les risques d'omettre une seule dose de leurs médicaments. En effet, le virus peut muter rapidement et devenir résistant aux antirétroviraux (ARV).

09 Sep 2010 description
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JOHANNESBURG, 9 September 2010 (PlusNews) - HIV-positive patients about to start antiretroviral treatment are warned not to skip even the occasional dose of their medication because of the virus' ability to mutate rapidly and become drug resistant; but what about patients who have never taken treatment and already have a drug-resistant strain of the virus?

In Africa the extent of "primary", or transmitted HIV drug resistance in treatment-naïve (never treated) patients is largely unknown, but a recent study at three clinics in Lusaka, Zambia, found that nearly 6 percent of …

30 Aug 2010 description
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JOHANNESBURG, 30 August 2010 (PLUSNEWS) - Veronica* did not realize she had been sterilized while giving birth to her daughter until four years later when, after failing to conceive, she and her boyfriend consulted a doctor.

"I was like 'Okay, fine', because there was nothing I could do by then, but I was angry. I hate [those nurses]," she told IRIN/PlusNews.

04 May 2010 description
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JOHANNESBOURG, 4 mai 2010 (PLUSNEWS) - Une nouvelle étude portant sur la mortalité adulte raconte l'histoire du VIH au cours des décennies et à travers les frontières, et montre comment les traitements ont pu contribuer à réécrire la fin de l'histoire.

Publiée dans l'édition en ligne du Lancet du 30 avril, l'étude compare la mortalité adulte entre 1970 et 2010 dans 187 pays.

En se fondant sur des données provenant de différentes sources, y compris des recensements et des études sur les ménages, les chercheurs ont découvert que le VIH était un élément clé …

30 Apr 2010 description
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JOHANNESBURG, 30 April 2010 (PlusNews) - A new study of adult mortality tells the tale of HIV over decades and across borders and how treatment may have helped to rewrite the ending.

Published in The Lancet's 30 April early online edition, the study compares adult mortality between 1970 and 2010 in 187 countries.

Using data from various sources, including censuses and household surveys, researchers found that HIV was key to reversing the worldwide decline in mortality from 1970 …

29 Apr 2010 description
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JOHANNESBURG, 29 April 2010 (PLUSNEWS) - Doing time in Zambia's prisons may be a death sentence, regardless of the crime or conviction, as conditions behind bars drive high rates of HIV and tuberculosis (TB) says a new report.

The first independent review of correctional facilities by human rights organizations - Unjust and Unhealthy: HIV, TB and Abuse in Zambian Prisons - is based on interviews with staff and inmates at six of Zambia's 86 jails.

29 Mar 2010 description
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NAIROBI, 29 March 2010 (PLUSNEWS) - A cheap, widely available antibiotic given to patients when they start taking life-prolonging antiretroviral (ARV) drugs could reduce HIV mortality resource-limited settings by up to 50 percent says a new study published in the scientific journal, The Lancet. http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(10)60057-8/abstract.

"We studied …

02 Mar 2010 description
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NAIROBI, 2 March 2010 (PLUSNEWS) - Medical male circumcision is now widely recognized as an important HIV prevention tool, and several African countries have included it in their national HIV strategies.

IRIN/PlusNews lists the progress of 13 nations in eastern and southern Africa identified as priority countries for male circumcision scale-up by the UN World Health Organization.

Kenya: An estimated 85 percent of men are circumcised, but just 40 percent of those in Nyanza province, which has the country's highest prevalence, have had the procedure.

08 Jan 2010 description
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LUSAKA, 5 January 2010 (PLUSNEWS) - New research has found that Voluntary Counselling and Testing (VCT) services in Zambia are squandering the opportunity to reach clients with information about how to reduce their HIV risk.

The study, conducted by Private Sector Partnerships-One, (PSP-ONE), a USAID project aimed at increasing the private sector's capacity to provide quality health services in developing countries, looked at VCT services offered by the private, non-governmental, government and faith-based sectors in one urban and one rural province of the country - Copperbelt and …

03 Dec 2009 description
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LUNDAZI, 3 December 2009 (PlusNews) - "When you are poor and you have AIDS, you live with the threat of death above your head.

30 Nov 2009 description
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JOHANNESBURG, 30 November 2009 (PlusNews) - The theme for World AIDS Day 2009 is 'Universal Access and Human Rights', and the efforts of the continent's developing countries to reach some of the key indicators of universal access are under closer scrutiny than ever. Will they do it?

In December 2005 the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS (UNGASS) adopted a resolution to assist governments, civil society and NGOs in "scaling up HIV prevention, treatment, care and support, with the aim of coming as close as possible to the goal of universal access …

30 Sep 2009 description
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LUSAKA, 30 September 2009 (PLUSNEWS) - How do you tell your boyfriend that you're a 20-year-old virgin living with HIV? Zambian Chanda Nsofwa was born infected and is now at an age where she has to deal with this and other ticklish questions about sex and HIV.

"We know that some of these children are already having sex or simply want to have it.

06 Jul 2009 description
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JOHANNESBURG, 6 July 2009 (PlusNews) - When it comes to incorporating gender-related policies and interventions into their HIV/AIDS programmes, three of the largest global AIDS donors talk the talk, but have largely failed to walk the walk.

These are the findings of a new study, Moving Beyond Gender as Usual, by the Washington-based Centre for Global Development (CDG).

Based on interviews with donor staff, government representatives, and recipient organizations in Mozambique, Uganda and Zambia, the …

30 Jun 2009 description
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JOHANNESBURG, 30 June 2009 (PlusNews) - The United States President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has taken a damagingly narrow approach to HIV prevention in Zambia, ignoring realities on the ground and neglecting the most at-risk populations, says a new report.

Researchers from the Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS), a non-governmental organization that advocates sexual and reproductive health education and services, travelled to Zambia to determine what nearly US$577 million in PEPFAR funding between 2004 and 2008 had …

23 Jun 2009 description
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JOHANNESBURG, 23 June 2009 (PlusNews) - It has been two years since the World Health Organization recommended male circumcision (MC) as an HIV prevention measure, and countries in Southern Africa - the region hardest-hit by AIDS - have been slowly gearing up to provide widespread access to the procedure.

IRIN/PlusNews has compiled a list of the progress made so far in eight southern African countries.

Botswana: Botswana's Ministry of Health has set a target to circumcise 80 percent of eligible men, or about 460,000, by 2012.

08 Jun 2009 description
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JOHANNESBURG, 8 June 2009 (PlusNews) - The routine offer of an HIV test to children admitted to a hospital in Lusaka, Zambia's capital, resulted in more than 3,000 being diagnosed with the virus over an 18-month period.

HIV progresses rapidly in infants and many die before they are diagnosed or can receive life-prolonging antiretroviral (ARV) treatment.

27 May 2009 description
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LUSAKA, 27 May 2009 (PlusNews) - Foreign aid for government health projects in Zambia, where most of the national health budget is donor-funded, was frozen last week after allegations of corruption.

The governments of the Netherlands and Sweden announced they had suspended aid after a whistleblower alerted Zambia's Anti-Corruption Commission [ACC] to the embezzlement of over US$2 million from the health ministry by top government officials.

"The misuse of Dutch taxpayers' money is unacceptable," said Development Cooperation Minister Bert Koenders in a statement, …

25 May 2009 description
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NAIROBI, 25 May 2009 (PLUSNEWS) - An estimated 900 babies in the developing world are infected with HIV every day because governments fail to reach pregnant women with prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services.

"We are doing a bad job of testing women for HIV and then following them up, and an even worse job of ensuring that infants receive appropriate prevention and treatment services," Janet Kayita, regional PMTCT advisor to the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF), told a press conference in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi, on 25 May.

The press briefing followed …

07 Apr 2009 description
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JOHANNESBURG, 7 April 2009 (PLUSNEWS) - Researchers have estimated that 1.2 million deaths in Africa were averted between 2004 and 2007 as a direct result of interventions funded by the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR).

Since former President George Bush launched the programme in 2003, it has been widely praised as the largest and most ambitious health initiative dedicated to combating a single disease, but until recently the outcomes of this multibillion-dollar effort had never been measured.

Using figures from UNAIDS, researchers from Stanford University …

15 Aug 2008 description
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JOHANNESBURG, 15 August 2008 (PLUSNEWS) - More international aid has been dedicated to fighting HIV/AIDS than any other disease, but what impact have all those donor dollars had in countries where HIV/AIDS funding often exceeds total domestic health budgets?

The three largest HIV/AIDS donors - the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and the World Bank's Multi-Country AIDS Programme (MAP) - have spent US$20 billion on combating AIDS since 2000.

But a new report by the Washington-based Centre for Global …