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08 Dec 2011 description
report PlusNews

ADDIS ABABA, 7 December 2011 (PlusNews) - HIV patients in Africa frequently suffer shame and depression but the continent’s health systems are ill-equipped to handle the issue, which not only affects their quality of life, but can lead to poor adherence to HIV treatment regimens.

01 Nov 2011 description
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LILLE, 1 November 2011 (PLUSNEWS) - Home-based tuberculosis (TB) education and testing reduced community TB prevalence by about 20 percent, according to findings of a large, two-country study released at the International Lung Health Conference in Lille, France.

Conducted among almost 963,000 people in Zambia and South Africa, the ZAMSTAR study rolled out household education and TB testing to some communities while others received enhanced TB case detection, which included activities such as community dramas to raise TB awareness.

01 Sep 2011 description
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LUSAKA, 1 September 2011 (PLUSNEWS) - While most pregnant women in Zambia are now tested for HIV, other sexually transmitted infections such as syphilis are not being diagnosed, placing the lives of thousands of women at risk.

By the time Emily Banda*, 31, found out she had syphilis, it was too late - her daughter had died at five months and she had a miscarriage during her second pregnancy.

Banda was only tested for HIV and syphilis after her divorce, when she had moved from the small town of Kalabo in Western Province to the capital, Lusaka.

25 Jul 2011 description
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ROME, 25 July 2011 (PLUSNEWS) - Medical male circumcision has been a World Health Organization (WHO)-endorsed HIV prevention method for more than four years, with most countries still using relatively expensive surgical procedures that require anaesthetic, at least a couple of health workers and a six-week healing period. However, several new devices could revolutionize the amount of time, labour and money involved, enabling countries to rapidly scale up their programmes.

19 Jul 2011 description
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ROME, 18 July 2011 (PlusNews) - Countries that have been quick to incorporate medical male circumcision into their HIV prevention programmes are already seeing good results compared with those that have been slower to embrace the procedure, say experts.

11 Feb 2011 description
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NAIROBI, 11 février 2011 (PLUSNEWS) - Un diagnostic de VIH est déjà suffisamment traumatisant, mais quand on est contaminé par une souche de VIH résistante à certains médicaments qui permettent de prolonger la vie, les options de traitement sont limitées.

08 Feb 2011 description
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NAIROBI, 8 February 2011 (PLUSNEWS) - HIV is a tough enough diagnosis, but when one contracts a strain of HIV resistant to some life-prolonging medicines, treatment options are limited.

01 Feb 2011 description
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LUSAKA, 1 February 2011 (PlusNews) - A tiny laboratory capable of doing big things is what Barry Kosloff, working with the London School of Hygiene and Tropical medicine, has created - a new type of high-tech, low-cost, tuberculosis (TB) lab in a shipping container. He walked IRIN/PlusNews through what it takes to build one.

26 Jan 2011 description
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LUSAKA, 26 January 2011 (PLUSNEWS) - New technologies are helping Zambia make the most of its scarce health workers and laboratories in the fight against tuberculosis (TB), and showing that there may be more to a container than meets the eye.

The Zambia Aids-Related TB Project (ZAMBART), a local NGO that provides testing and treatment, has introduced easy-to-use digital chest x-rays and relatively cheap made-to-order laboratories to help close gaps in stepping up the fight against TB and HIV, which are common co-infections.

In a country where about 39,000 new cases of TB are reported …

10 Jan 2011 description
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Lusaka, 10 January 2011 (PlusNews) - At an increased risk of HIV and often unable to negotiate safe sex with clients, sex workers have been a major focus in HIV prevention and treatment.