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22 May 2012 description
report PlusNews

KAMPALA, 22 May 2012 (PLUSNEWS) - The prevalence of drug-resistant HIV strains in Uganda has risen from 8.6 percent to 12 percent in the last five years, one of the highest rates in Sub-Saharan Africa, according to a recent study.

The PharmAccess African Studies to Evaluate Resistance (PASER) monitoring cohort study report for 2008-2012 found that the prevalence of transmitted drug resistance among people who have never taken life-prolonging antiretroviral (ARV) medication was substantially higher in Uganda.

23 Mar 2012 description
report PlusNews

JOHANNESBURG, 23 March 2012 (PLUSNEWS) - Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading killer of HIV-positive people globally. Almost 15 years ago the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNAIDS recommended that people living with HIV be given isoniazid preventative TB therapy (IPT), to prevent active TB, but national implementation of IPT has been slow.

IPT, intensified TB case finding, and infection control are now the World Health Organization's three strategies for reducing TB among people living with HIV, also known as the "Three I's for HIV-TB."

09 Mar 2012 description
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JOHANNESBURG, 9 March 2012 (PlusNews) - After seven years of research, the world's largest study of preventative tuberculosis (TB) therapy has found that untargeted, community-wide distribution of TB prevention drugs did not improve TB control on South African gold mines.

01 Nov 2011 description
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LILLE, 1 November 2011 (PLUSNEWS) - Home-based tuberculosis (TB) education and testing reduced community TB prevalence by about 20 percent, according to findings of a large, two-country study released at the International Lung Health Conference in Lille, France.

Conducted among almost 963,000 people in Zambia and South Africa, the ZAMSTAR study rolled out household education and TB testing to some communities while others received enhanced TB case detection, which included activities such as community dramas to raise TB awareness.

19 Jul 2011 description
report PlusNews

ROME, 18 July 2011 (PlusNews) - Countries that have been quick to incorporate medical male circumcision into their HIV prevention programmes are already seeing good results compared with those that have been slower to embrace the procedure, say experts.

11 Feb 2011 description
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NAIROBI, 11 février 2011 (PLUSNEWS) - Un diagnostic de VIH est déjà suffisamment traumatisant, mais quand on est contaminé par une souche de VIH résistante à certains médicaments qui permettent de prolonger la vie, les options de traitement sont limitées.

08 Feb 2011 description
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NAIROBI, 8 February 2011 (PLUSNEWS) - HIV is a tough enough diagnosis, but when one contracts a strain of HIV resistant to some life-prolonging medicines, treatment options are limited.

30 Aug 2010 description
report PlusNews

JOHANNESBURG, 30 August 2010 (PLUSNEWS) - Veronica* did not realize she had been sterilized while giving birth to her daughter until four years later when, after failing to conceive, she and her boyfriend consulted a doctor.

"I was like 'Okay, fine', because there was nothing I could do by then, but I was angry. I hate [those nurses]," she told IRIN/PlusNews.

02 Mar 2010 description
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NAIROBI, 2 March 2010 (PLUSNEWS) - Medical male circumcision is now widely recognized as an important HIV prevention tool, and several African countries have included it in their national HIV strategies.

IRIN/PlusNews lists the progress of 13 nations in eastern and southern Africa identified as priority countries for male circumcision scale-up by the UN World Health Organization.

Kenya: An estimated 85 percent of men are circumcised, but just 40 percent of those in Nyanza province, which has the country's highest prevalence, have had the procedure.

30 Nov 2009 description
report PlusNews

JOHANNESBURG, 30 November 2009 (PlusNews) - The theme for World AIDS Day 2009 is 'Universal Access and Human Rights', and the efforts of the continent's developing countries to reach some of the key indicators of universal access are under closer scrutiny than ever. Will they do it?

In December 2005 the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS (UNGASS) adopted a resolution to assist governments, civil society and NGOs in "scaling up HIV prevention, treatment, care and support, with the aim of coming as close as possible to the goal of universal access …

23 Jun 2009 description
report PlusNews

JOHANNESBURG, 23 June 2009 (PlusNews) - It has been two years since the World Health Organization recommended male circumcision (MC) as an HIV prevention measure, and countries in Southern Africa - the region hardest-hit by AIDS - have been slowly gearing up to provide widespread access to the procedure.

IRIN/PlusNews has compiled a list of the progress made so far in eight southern African countries.

Botswana: Botswana's Ministry of Health has set a target to circumcise 80 percent of eligible men, or about 460,000, by 2012.

25 May 2009 description
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NAIROBI, 25 May 2009 (PLUSNEWS) - An estimated 900 babies in the developing world are infected with HIV every day because governments fail to reach pregnant women with prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services.

"We are doing a bad job of testing women for HIV and then following them up, and an even worse job of ensuring that infants receive appropriate prevention and treatment services," Janet Kayita, regional PMTCT advisor to the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF), told a press conference in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi, on 25 May.

The press briefing followed …

04 Oct 2006 description
report PlusNews

[This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]

JOHANNESBURG, 4 October (PLUSNEWS) - As the African Union (AU) moves towards establishing a formal peacekeeping brigade, a new study has suggested the need for troops on missions to be supplied with anti-AIDS medication.

"Botswana and South Africa are the only two countries in Southern Africa which supply their troops on external operations with 'takeaways' of ARV [antiretroviral] prescriptions for 90 days," said Martin Rupiya, one of the authors of the study, 'The Enemy Within: Southern …

26 Aug 2004 description
report PlusNews

[This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]