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JOHANNESBURG, 23 March 2012 (PLUSNEWS) - Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading killer of HIV-positive people globally. Almost 15 years ago the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNAIDS recommended that people living with HIV be given isoniazid preventative TB therapy (IPT), to prevent active TB, but national implementation of IPT has been slow.
IPT, intensified TB case finding, and infection control are now the World Health Organization's three strategies for reducing TB among people living with HIV, also known as the "Three I's for HIV-TB."
ROME, 18 July 2011 (PlusNews) - Countries that have been quick to incorporate medical male circumcision into their HIV prevention programmes are already seeing good results compared with those that have been slower to embrace the procedure, say experts.
NAIROBI, 29 December 2010 (PLUSNEWS) - This has been an exciting year for the fight against HIV, with dramatic developments in biomedical HIV prevention and a record five million people receiving life-prolonging treatment. It has also been a year fraught with funding difficulties and the continued discrimination against people living with HIV/AIDS and other marginalized groups.
JOHANNESBOURG, 25 novembre 2010 (PLUSNEWS) - Lorsqu'on cherche à comprendre les raisons de la propagation du VIH chez les jeunes en Afrique australe, l'épicentre de la pandémie mondiale de sida, pourquoi ne pas s'adresser directement aux jeunes eux-mêmes ?
Il s'agit précisément de la démarche adoptée par les chercheurs du Southern African AIDS Trust (SAT), dans le cadre d'une étude portant sur cinq pays et menée en partenariat avec la Division de la recherche sur l'économie de la santé et le VIH/SIDA (HEARD en anglais) de l'Université du KwaZulu-Natal.
JOHANNESBURG, 19 November 2010 (PLUSNEWS) - When it comes to understanding what drives HIV infections among young people in southern Africa, the epicentre of the global AIDS pandemic, why not ask young people themselves?
A five-country study by the Southern African AIDS Trust (SAT) in partnership with the Health Economics and AIDS Research Division (HEARD) at the University of KwaZulu-Natal did just that, and the picture that has emerged is more complex than many prevention programmes targeting youth have allowed for.
"Life is complicated so our prevention interventions need to …
NAIROBI, 2 March 2010 (PLUSNEWS) - Medical male circumcision is now widely recognized as an important HIV prevention tool, and several African countries have included it in their national HIV strategies.
IRIN/PlusNews lists the progress of 13 nations in eastern and southern Africa identified as priority countries for male circumcision scale-up by the UN World Health Organization.
Kenya: An estimated 85 percent of men are circumcised, but just 40 percent of those in Nyanza province, which has the country's highest prevalence, have had the procedure.
JOHANNESBURG, 23 June 2009 (PlusNews) - It has been two years since the World Health Organization recommended male circumcision (MC) as an HIV prevention measure, and countries in Southern Africa - the region hardest-hit by AIDS - have been slowly gearing up to provide widespread access to the procedure.
IRIN/PlusNews has compiled a list of the progress made so far in eight southern African countries.
Botswana: Botswana's Ministry of Health has set a target to circumcise 80 percent of eligible men, or about 460,000, by 2012.
NAIROBI, 25 May 2009 (PLUSNEWS) - An estimated 900 babies in the developing world are infected with HIV every day because governments fail to reach pregnant women with prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services.
"We are doing a bad job of testing women for HIV and then following them up, and an even worse job of ensuring that infants receive appropriate prevention and treatment services," Janet Kayita, regional PMTCT advisor to the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF), told a press conference in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi, on 25 May.
The press briefing followed …
JOHANNESBURG, 7 April 2009 (PLUSNEWS) - Researchers have estimated that 1.2 million deaths in Africa were averted between 2004 and 2007 as a direct result of interventions funded by the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR).
Since former President George Bush launched the programme in 2003, it has been widely praised as the largest and most ambitious health initiative dedicated to combating a single disease, but until recently the outcomes of this multibillion-dollar effort had never been measured.
Using figures from UNAIDS, researchers from Stanford University …
[This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]
JOHANNESBURG, 22 January (PLUSNEWS) - Some countries made progress in protecting and supporting women and children affected by HIV/AIDS during 2006 but huge gaps remained, the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) warned in a new report this week.
In its 'Children and AIDS: A Stocktaking Report', the agency charged that the overall global response was still "tragically insufficient".
Although acknowledging that …
[This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]
JOHANNESBURG, 18 November (PLUSNEWS) - As a prevention and vulnerability advisor, Aurorita Mendoza is responsible for addressing the prevention needs of some of the population groups hardest-hit by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Young people, who account for half of all new adult infections, were the focus of Mendoza's recent trip to Southern Africa, where she attended a consultative meeting on the Southern African Youth (SAY) on AIDS initiatives.
JOHANNESBURG, 4 September (PLUSNEWS) - The explosive impact of HIV/AIDS on food security in Africa is now well recognised. But little has been done to empower rural communities with local resources to cope with this crisis, a report has found.
JOHANNESBURG, 3 April (PLUSNEWS) - Carol Bellamy, the Executive Director of the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) is visiting Southern Africa this week to bring attention to the particularly "devastating effect" the region's humanitarian crisis is having on women and girls. She spoke to PlusNews about the recently established UN Secretary-General's Task Force on HIV/AIDS and Women, and the need for women to be at the centre of responses to Southern Africa's humanitarian crisis.
JOHANNESBURG, 9 January (PLUSNEWS) - Stephen Lewis, the UN Secretary-General's Special Envoy for HIV/AIDS in Africa, spent two weeks in Southern Africa last month where he witnessed the dire combination of acute food shortages and the HIV/AIDS pandemic.
JOHANNESBURG, 8 January (PLUSNEWS) - The HIV/AIDS epidemic in Africa could be turned around, despite the devastating toll on human lives, UN Secretary General's Special Envoy for HIV/AIDS in Africa Stephen Lewis, said on Tuesday.