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31 Oct 2012 description
report PlusNews

JOHANNESBURG, 31 October 2012 (PLUSNEWS) - Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among women in southern Africa, but new research reveals that governments' attempts to address the disease have been inadequate. Access to cervical cancer screening services is minimal, few countries in the region have policies on the disease, and treatment remains a major challenge.

22 May 2012 description
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KAMPALA, 22 May 2012 (PLUSNEWS) - The prevalence of drug-resistant HIV strains in Uganda has risen from 8.6 percent to 12 percent in the last five years, one of the highest rates in Sub-Saharan Africa, according to a recent study.

The PharmAccess African Studies to Evaluate Resistance (PASER) monitoring cohort study report for 2008-2012 found that the prevalence of transmitted drug resistance among people who have never taken life-prolonging antiretroviral (ARV) medication was substantially higher in Uganda.

18 Apr 2012 description
report PlusNews

JOHANNESBURG, 15 April 2012 (PlusNews) - Grantees of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis (TB) and Malaria who allegedly committed fraud or misused funds unwittingly did a lot of damage to the Fund – and, many say, global health - as donors withdrew and the beleaguered organization faced a "crisis of confidence" in recent years. But the Fund has responded and is undergoing an extensive restructuring process. IRIN/PlusNews takes a look at some of the alleged fraudsters and the progress of the investigations.

2009 - Mali

23 Mar 2012 description
report PlusNews

JOHANNESBURG, 23 March 2012 (PLUSNEWS) - Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading killer of HIV-positive people globally. Almost 15 years ago the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNAIDS recommended that people living with HIV be given isoniazid preventative TB therapy (IPT), to prevent active TB, but national implementation of IPT has been slow.

IPT, intensified TB case finding, and infection control are now the World Health Organization's three strategies for reducing TB among people living with HIV, also known as the "Three I's for HIV-TB."

09 Mar 2012 description
report PlusNews

JOHANNESBURG, 9 March 2012 (PlusNews) - After seven years of research, the world's largest study of preventative tuberculosis (TB) therapy has found that untargeted, community-wide distribution of TB prevention drugs did not improve TB control on South African gold mines.

08 Dec 2011 description
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ADDIS ABABA, 7 December 2011 (PlusNews) - HIV patients in Africa frequently suffer shame and depression but the continent’s health systems are ill-equipped to handle the issue, which not only affects their quality of life, but can lead to poor adherence to HIV treatment regimens.

01 Nov 2011 description
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LILLE, 1 November 2011 (PLUSNEWS) - Home-based tuberculosis (TB) education and testing reduced community TB prevalence by about 20 percent, according to findings of a large, two-country study released at the International Lung Health Conference in Lille, France.

Conducted among almost 963,000 people in Zambia and South Africa, the ZAMSTAR study rolled out household education and TB testing to some communities while others received enhanced TB case detection, which included activities such as community dramas to raise TB awareness.

01 Sep 2011 description
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LUSAKA, 1 September 2011 (PLUSNEWS) - While most pregnant women in Zambia are now tested for HIV, other sexually transmitted infections such as syphilis are not being diagnosed, placing the lives of thousands of women at risk.

By the time Emily Banda*, 31, found out she had syphilis, it was too late - her daughter had died at five months and she had a miscarriage during her second pregnancy.

Banda was only tested for HIV and syphilis after her divorce, when she had moved from the small town of Kalabo in Western Province to the capital, Lusaka.

25 Jul 2011 description
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ROME, 25 July 2011 (PLUSNEWS) - Medical male circumcision has been a World Health Organization (WHO)-endorsed HIV prevention method for more than four years, with most countries still using relatively expensive surgical procedures that require anaesthetic, at least a couple of health workers and a six-week healing period. However, several new devices could revolutionize the amount of time, labour and money involved, enabling countries to rapidly scale up their programmes.

19 Jul 2011 description
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ROME, 18 July 2011 (PlusNews) - Countries that have been quick to incorporate medical male circumcision into their HIV prevention programmes are already seeing good results compared with those that have been slower to embrace the procedure, say experts.

11 Feb 2011 description
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NAIROBI, 11 février 2011 (PLUSNEWS) - Un diagnostic de VIH est déjà suffisamment traumatisant, mais quand on est contaminé par une souche de VIH résistante à certains médicaments qui permettent de prolonger la vie, les options de traitement sont limitées.

08 Feb 2011 description
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NAIROBI, 8 February 2011 (PLUSNEWS) - HIV is a tough enough diagnosis, but when one contracts a strain of HIV resistant to some life-prolonging medicines, treatment options are limited.

01 Feb 2011 description
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LUSAKA, 1 February 2011 (PlusNews) - A tiny laboratory capable of doing big things is what Barry Kosloff, working with the London School of Hygiene and Tropical medicine, has created - a new type of high-tech, low-cost, tuberculosis (TB) lab in a shipping container. He walked IRIN/PlusNews through what it takes to build one.

26 Jan 2011 description
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LUSAKA, 26 January 2011 (PLUSNEWS) - New technologies are helping Zambia make the most of its scarce health workers and laboratories in the fight against tuberculosis (TB), and showing that there may be more to a container than meets the eye.

The Zambia Aids-Related TB Project (ZAMBART), a local NGO that provides testing and treatment, has introduced easy-to-use digital chest x-rays and relatively cheap made-to-order laboratories to help close gaps in stepping up the fight against TB and HIV, which are common co-infections.

In a country where about 39,000 new cases of TB are reported …

10 Jan 2011 description
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Lusaka, 10 January 2011 (PlusNews) - At an increased risk of HIV and often unable to negotiate safe sex with clients, sex workers have been a major focus in HIV prevention and treatment.

29 Dec 2010 description
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NAIROBI, 29 December 2010 (PLUSNEWS) - This has been an exciting year for the fight against HIV, with dramatic developments in biomedical HIV prevention and a record five million people receiving life-prolonging treatment. It has also been a year fraught with funding difficulties and the continued discrimination against people living with HIV/AIDS and other marginalized groups.

02 Dec 2010 description
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JOHANNESBURG, 2 December 2010 (PLUSNEWS) - Zambia is a poor country with a severe shortage of health workers, but it is closer to achieving universal access to antiretroviral treatment by the end of 2010 than many of its equally resource-limited neighbours.

25 Nov 2010 description
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JOHANNESBOURG, 25 novembre 2010 (PLUSNEWS) - Lorsqu'on cherche à comprendre les raisons de la propagation du VIH chez les jeunes en Afrique australe, l'épicentre de la pandémie mondiale de sida, pourquoi ne pas s'adresser directement aux jeunes eux-mêmes ?

Il s'agit précisément de la démarche adoptée par les chercheurs du Southern African AIDS Trust (SAT), dans le cadre d'une étude portant sur cinq pays et menée en partenariat avec la Division de la recherche sur l'économie de la santé et le VIH/SIDA (HEARD en anglais) de l'Université du KwaZulu-Natal.

23 Nov 2010 description
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Lusaka, 23 November 2010 (PlusNews) - Before Zambia's public health sector started providing free antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) to people living with HIV, Ephraim Banda bought his own medication. But his supply was often interrupted and the available drugs changed frequently and he is now one of a growing number of HIV-positive Zambians who have developed resistance to both first- and second-line ARV drug regimens.

Third-line regimens are often unaffordable or unavailable to people living with HIV in developing countries.

19 Nov 2010 description
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JOHANNESBURG, 19 November 2010 (PLUSNEWS) - When it comes to understanding what drives HIV infections among young people in southern Africa, the epicentre of the global AIDS pandemic, why not ask young people themselves?

A five-country study by the Southern African AIDS Trust (SAT) in partnership with the Health Economics and AIDS Research Division (HEARD) at the University of KwaZulu-Natal did just that, and the picture that has emerged is more complex than many prevention programmes targeting youth have allowed for.

"Life is complicated so our prevention interventions need to …