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I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
What is already known about this topic?
Monitoring prevalence of advanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease (i.e., CD4+ T-cell count <200 cells/_µ_L) among persons initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) is important to help understand ART program outcomes, inform HIV prevention strategies, and forecast need for adjunctive therapies.
What is added by this report?
THE PRESIDENT’S MALARIA INITIATIVE STRATEGY FOR 2015–2020
The PMI Strategy for 2015–2020 takes into account the progress over the past decade and the new challenges that have arisen, setting forth a vision, goal, objectives, and strategic approach for PMI through 2020, while reaffirming the longer-term goal of a world without malaria. Malaria prevention and control remains a major U.S. foreign assistance objective, and this strategy fully aligns with the U.S. Government’s vision of ending preventable child and maternal deaths and ending extreme poverty.
I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Launched in 2005 by President George W. Bush and expanded under President Barack Obama, the U.S. President's Malaria Initiative (PMI) is a historic U.S. Government effort to lead the fight against malaria. Since the beginning of the Obama Administration, with the support of Congress, annual funding levels for PMI doubled.
This MOP presents a detailed implementation plan to be implemented with FY 2016 funds in Zambia. This document reviews the current status of malaria control policies and interventions, describes progress to date, identifies challenges and unmet needs, and describes planned activities under PMI.
The President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI)
Malaria prevention and control is a major U.S. foreign assistance objective, and PMI’s strategy fully aligns with the U.S. Government’s vision of ending preventable child and maternal deaths and ending extreme poverty. Under the PMI Strategy for 2015–2020, the U.S. Government’s goal is to work with PMI-supported countries and partners to further reduce malaria deaths and substantially decrease malaria morbidity toward the long-term goal of elimination.
The fight against malaria is making historic gains across sub-Saharan Africa. In countries where insecticide-treated mosquito nets (ITNs), indoor residual spraying (IRS), improved diagnostic tests, and highly effective antimalarial drugs have been scaled up, mortality rates in children under five years of age have fallen markedly. According to the World Health Organization’s (WHO’s) 2014 World Malaria Report, in Africa, between 2000 and 2013, the estimated number of malaria cases in all age groups decreased from 174 million to 163 million.
Launched in June 2005 by President George W. Bush, the President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI) represented a major 5-year, $1.265 billion expansion of U.S. Government resources for malaria control. The Initiative is led by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and implemented together with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). PMI funds programs in 19 focus countries in Africa and one regional program in the Greater Mekong Subregion of Southeast Asia (see Appendix 1).
I. Executive Summary
November 28, 2014 / 63(47);1104-1107
E. Kainne Dokubo, MD1, Annabel Baddeley, MPH2, Ishani Pathmanathan, MD1, William Coggin, MSA3, Jacqueline Firth, MD4, Haileyesus Getahun, MD, PhD2, Jonathan Kaplan, MD1, Anand Date, MD1 (Author affiliations at end of text)
Tomorrow, April 25, 2014, is World Malaria Day. Each year, this day commemorates the global fight toward zero malaria deaths and mobilizes action to combat the disease. On this occasion, the President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI), led by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and implemented together with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), releases its Eighth Annual Report to Congress [PDF, 20MB], which describes the U.S. Government’s contributions to the global fight against malaria.
«Les Etats-Unis vont se joindre à nos alliés pour éradiquer l‘extrême pauvreté au cours des deux prochaines décennies…en sauvant les enfants du monde des morts évitables...» –-Président Barack Obama, Discours sur l’état de l’Union, 12 Février 2013
Malaria prevention and control is a major foreign assistance objective of the U.S. Government (USG). In May 2009, President Barack Obama announced the Global Health Initiative (GHI), a six-year, comprehensive effort to reduce the burden of disease and promote healthy communities and families around the world.