- Southern Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Jan 2017
- Zambia: Cholera Outbreak - Feb 2016
- Southern Africa: Food Insecurity - 2015-2017
- Southern Africa: Floods - Jan 2015
- Zambia: Floods - Jan 2013
- Southern Africa: Floods - Jan 2011
- Southern Africa: Floods - Mar 2010
- Influenza A (H1N1) Pandemic - Apr 2009
- Southern Africa: Floods - Dec 2008
- Southern Africa: Floods - Dec 2007
UNHCR announced July 26 the expansion of the Zambia Initiative Development Programme into the North-Western province of Zambia.
Findings and Recommendations
By Joel Frushone, Africa Policy Analyst
Refugees repatriating to Angola are returning to a skeleton of a country. Nearly 30 years of brutal civil war reduced most of Angola's homes, schools, hospitals, places of worship, markets, roads, bridges, and commercial and government buildings to rubble. The war also rendered useless hundreds of thousands of acres of fertile agricultural land and countless miles of fish-abundant rivers with millions of landmines and unexploded ordnance, nearly all of which remain in place today.
Unmet Needs Put Refugees at Risk
African refugees at start of 2002: 3 million
Refugee decrease in past year: 200,000
10 leading refugee-producing countries or territories in Africa:
1) Angola 445,000
2) Sudan 440,000
3) Burundi 375,000
4) Congo-Kinshasa 355,000
5) Eritrea 305,000
6) Somalia 300,000
7) Liberia 215,000
8) Sierra Leone 185,000
9) Western Sahara 110,000
10) Rwanda 60,000
Presented at the hearing on Fiscal Year 2003 Appropriations before the House Appropriations Committee, Subcommittee on Foreign Operations
At the end of 2000, an estimated 400,000 Angolans were refugees in neighboring countries, including up to 190,000 in Zambia, 170,000 in Congo-Kinshasa, about 20,000 in Congo-Brazzaville, approximately 20,000 in Namibia, and some 5,000 asylum seekers in Europe.
The foreign operations appropriations bill for FY 2001 is currently being acted on by the Senate and will soon go to a conference committee. Within this bill is funding for the Migration and Refugee Affairs (MRA) account. From the MRA account the U.S. makes contributions to UNHCR, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and others who protect and assist refugees around the world.