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- Southern Africa: Food Insecurity - 2015-2017
- Southern Africa: Floods - Jan 2015
- Zambia: Floods - Jan 2013
- Southern Africa: Floods - Jan 2011
- Southern Africa: Floods - Mar 2010
- Influenza A (H1N1) Pandemic - Apr 2009
- Southern Africa: Floods - Dec 2008
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State of Food Insecurity and Vulnerability in the Southern African Development Community
The SADC region is experiencing a devastating drought episode associated with the 2015/2016 El Niño event which is negatively affecting livelihoods and the quality of lives across the region.
Four Member States have already declared national drought emergencies (Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland and Zimbabwe). South Africa has declared a drought emergency in 7 of the country’s 9 provinces. Mozambique declared a 90-day institutional red alert for some southern and central areas.
Political turmoil continues as parties have reportedly failed to reach consensus on the opening of Parliament. A special SADC meeting is due to be held in South Africa today, where the political situation and pressing security issues in Lesotho will be a key focus.
In Focus: Zambia
Regional Update (updated 15th of July 2014)
The SADC Regional Vulnerability Assessment and Analysis (RVAA) Programme which comprises the multi-agency Regional Vulnerability Assessment Committee (RVAC) and the National Vulnerability Assessment Committees (NVACs), reported that the SADC generally experienced poor rainfall performance for crop production during the 2011/12 growing season. Many parts, especially in the southern half of the region experienced late onset of rains, followed by widespread localized prolonged gry spells especially in the second half of the season when most of the crops were at critical development stages.
Maize grain prices rise as regional supplies tighten
Lesotho has launched a Flash Appeal to respond to the dire food security situation.
The appeal is only 22% funded to date, with a current shortfall of around $30 million
Swaziland was hit by severe storms in September that affected hundreds of people
The SADC Preparedness Workshop enables Governments and partners to identify priority areas in the run-up to the rainfall season and address gaps.
- Due to poor and erratic rains at the beginning of the season most farmers in the lowland areas have not planted. - Prices of maize meal (staple food) are gradually increasing.
- Rice production has decreased by 9% and local rice prices have increased by 11% compared to 2010 campaign.
- The National Meteorology Department has forecasted a very active cyclone season this year – Cyclone Giovanna about to make landfall
This report was issued by the Regional Office for Southern & Eastern Africa (ROSEA). It covers the period January to May 2011.
I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES
· In total, an estimated 708,000 people were affected by floods and/or storms in southern Africa this rainfall season, with 314,361 either displaced or evacuated and 477 people killed.
· In comparison with the previous four seasons, the 2010/2011 flood season was average in terms of number of people affected, although the number of deaths was markedly high.
Consecutive years of good harvests make for favorable regional food security
• Favorable food security conditions exist across the region with most staple foods being readily available and accessible from both own production and local markets. These conditions are expected to prevail through the outlook period and beyond, especially in areas where crop production has been good due to a favorable agricultural production season.
Lesotho · The preliminary findings of the Post Disaster Needs Assessment show that the agricultural sector is the most affected by the heavy rains. It is anticipated that in the second half of the year food security will deteriorate significantly.
· In the South, harvest of maize and peanuts was good compared to last year. · Price of fuel has risen by 2%.
Following the joint rapid assessment led by DMA, the World Bank is assisting the country to undertake Post Disaster Needs Assessment to further understand the impact of heavy rains on different sectors. Poor crop production is anticipated this year.
The UN Emergency and Response Task Force chaired by WFP and co-chaired by UNDP met with NGOs to respond to the impact of heavy rains.
- Following the joint rapid assessment led by DMA, the World Bank is assisting the country to undertake Post Disaster Needs Assessment to further understand the impact of heavy rains on different sectors.
- Poor crop production is anticipated this year.
- Tropical Storm BINGIZA passed over the southern of Madagascar before exited through the South-East costs in mid-February.
This report was issued by the Regional Office for Southern & Eastern Africa (ROSEA). It covers the period 23 February to 01 March 2011. The next report will be issued on or around 09 March 2011.
HIGHLIGHTS / KEY PRIORITIES
=B7 In northern Namibia, flooding has started to occur in the Oshana region.
The joint rapid assessment led by DMA on the impact of heavy rains indicates loss of lives and livelihood.
- High rainfall continues in the southern half of the region, low rainfall in the north
- Forecast likelihood of normal to above normal in most areas except north-eastern areas
- Short season Vuli rains fail in northern Tanzania, unimodal season rains not performing well
- Floods and waterlogging in Lesotho and parts of South Africa
- High rainfall raises flood threats in Limpopo basin
Above normal rains were received in the southern half of the region during the month of January (Figure 1, green colours), with normal rainfall in the central parts (white …
With the lean season approaching, regional food security conditions remain mixed with stable conditions prevailing over most parts of the region where harvests were good, but fragile in localized food insecure areas. Of major concern are the poor households who cannot access adequate food despite most local markets being adequately stocked with staple foods. Due to own production failures, these households have turned to market purchases much earlier than normal, have already stretched their coping capacities, and will be requiring external assistance.
=B7 Baseline assessment for the Joint UN Nutrition programme started on 24 October 2010. Final results expected towards end of November.
=B7 Due to delayed start of the rainy season, planting started a month later than normal.