- Southern Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Jan 2017
- Zambia: Cholera Outbreak - Feb 2016
- Southern Africa: Food Insecurity - 2015-2017
- Southern Africa: Floods - Jan 2015
- Zambia: Floods - Jan 2013
- Southern Africa: Floods - Jan 2011
- Southern Africa: Floods - Mar 2010
- Influenza A (H1N1) Pandemic - Apr 2009
- Southern Africa: Floods - Dec 2008
- Southern Africa: Floods - Dec 2007
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Oxfam’s vision is of a just world without poverty and suffering. If people are empowered to help themselves, and to help others in their communities, a chain reaction of change can be set in motion. Oxfam calls this lifting lives for good. To spread that change and make it last, political solutions are needed to tackle the root causes of poverty and create societies where empowered individuals can thrive.
• In West Africa, the availability of recent harvests improved market supplies of maize, millet, and sorghum in November. Staple food prices remain at or below their respective five-year average levels in the surplus-producing areas of Mali and Burkina Faso, while prices are above-average in Nigeria, Niger, and in parts of Chad. Recent sorghum harvests and stable rice imports from international markets contributed to food availability in Senegal and Mauritania.
Heavy rains are expected in eastern Southern Africa, increasing risks for localized flooding during the next outlook period.
1) Both delayed start and poor distribution of rainfall since the beginning of the October-December rainy season have led to moisture deficits and below-average ground conditions across northern Kenya and parts of southern Somalia. With the season already coming to an end, the potential for recovery is unlikely.
By Ernest Chiombe
LUSAKA, Dec 29 2013 (IPS) - It is seven in the morning and Georgina Musende, 56, of Kamanga Township, which just lies east of the Zambian capital Lusaka, is already sweating as she digs into the dry earth. Every time the hoe hits the ground, the dust engulfs her.
But Musende, a single parent who supports her four children and 10 grandchildren, is not concerned about the scorching 35-degree Celsius heat nor the dust. She is worried that the delayed onset of the rainy season will affect her maize production.
In 2009, an estimated 400 000 children were newly infected with HIV, with 90% of infections occurring in children in sub-Saharan Africa through mother-to-child transmission (MTCT). Without any intervention, the risk of MTCT ranges from 20% to 45%; without any treatment, half of the babies will die before their second birthday. About 42 000 to 60 000 of pregnant women die from HIV. In contrast, in high-income countries, the number of new infections among children as well as the number of maternal and child deaths due to HIV are virtually zero.
•The approach, referred to as results-based financing for health, (RBF), pays providers of health services after pre-agreed results have been achieved and independently verified.
•Created in 2007, the Health Results Innovation Trust Fund, managed by the World Bank, is supporting 36 RBF programmes in 31 countries, committing $404 million of donor funding from the governments of Norway and the United Kingdom.
UNHCR operational highlights
• UNHCR and CNR organized a joint mission in Bas-Congo Province for registration of exemption claims over the cessation of Angolan refugee status for those living Tseke zole, Mfuiki, Lundu and Matende Kimbianga. The mission met some 481 Angolan refugees (171 families). The Eligibility Committee has exempted them later in the month.
Enhanced rains were observed across Southern Africa during the past observation period.
1) Both delayed start and poor distribution of rainfall since the beginning of the October- December rainy season have led to moisture deficits and below-average ground conditions across northern Kenya and parts of southern Somalia. With the season already coming to an end, the potential for recovery is unlikely.
Most households in Southern Africa depend on maize as their main source of food and energy, given the high volumes and ease with which it is produced. Alternative food crops that are consumed as substitutes include rice, wheat, sorghum, millet, and tubers such as cassava and potatoes. Consumption of these substitutes occurs mainly when maize is not available or among those households in areas where such substitutes are more easily available (for example, cassava in northern Mozambique).
Short season (Vuli) in bimodal areas of northern Tanzania experiences poor rainfall performance
Good rains in early December slightly help to ease 1-to-2-year dryness in southern Angola, Botswana, northern Namibia, and South Africa
Onset of rains in southern Malawi, central Mozambique, eastern Zambia, and northern Zimbabwe delayed by more than 1 month
Increased rains during the past week have helped to replenish soil moisture in eastern Southern Africa, while limited rains have worsened dryness in northern Kenya and southern Somalia.
1) Though an increase in rainfall was observed in southern Kenya over the past few weeks, the delayed onset and uneven distribution of the October-December rainy season have already negatively impacted ground conditions over northern Kenya and parts of southern Somalia. With the season already coming to an end, recovery is unlikely.
The spread of AIDS is serious in Zambia. AIDS was believed to have been a fatal disease before, but nowadays antiretroviral (ARV) medicine is available, which can control the development and aggravation of the symptoms provided that the medicine is taken religiously everyday. However, many HIV-positive people and AIDS patients discontinue taking ARV medicine for if they are unwilling to disclose their status to their neighbors, or they wait before going to hospital with the false understanding that they are still healthy.
Moderate to locally heavy rainfall may alleviate dryness in eastern Southern Africa
Although local areas of equatorial eastern Africa have received increased rainfall over the past few weeks, poor rainfall performance since the beginning of the October has led to large moisture deficits over central Kenya and southern Somalia. This dryness is likely to negatively impact the development of crops and pastoral conditions, with little opportunity for recovery before the end of the rainy season.
Below-average rainfall was observed in eastern Southern Africa during the past week, exacerbating dryness over parts of Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique.
1) Although local areas of equatorial eastern Africa have received increased rainfall over the past few weeks, poor rainfall performance since the beginning of the October has led to large moisture deficits over central Kenya and southern Somalia. This dryness is likely to negatively impact the development of crops and pastoral conditions, with little opportunity for recovery before the end of the rainy season.
Maize grain and maize meal are the most important food commodities and indicators of food security in Zambia. All of the markets represented — with the exception of Kitwe — are in provincial centers and thus provide a geographic representation. Chipata and Choma are both areas of high maize production, while Mansa and Mongu are indicative of low production areas. Kabwe, Kitwe, and Lusaka are all urban areas where demand for these commodities is high. Solwezi is a new mining town with an increasing demand for food commodities.
African trypanosomiasis currently puts 70 million people at risk. Though control efforts have produced good results, there can be no elimination without wider health system reforms.
In West Africa, market supplies improved throughout the region in October due to average ongoing harvests. Carryover stocks were average to above-average in Mali, Burkina Faso, and Benin but below-average in many areas of the Niger and Nigeria due to the effects flood and conflict that disrupted the marketing system in 2012 and early 2013. Stable rice imports from international markets contributed to food availability in Senegal and Mauritania (Pages 3-5).