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In West Africa, market availability was good in June with supplies from above-average 2015/16 regional harvests, and international rice and wheat imports. Markets remained disrupted throughout the Lake Chad Basin and in parts of Central and Northern Mali. The recent depreciation of the Naira has led to price increases across Nigeria and reduced purchasing power for livestock in the Sahel (Page 3).
The impacts of last year’s El Niño induced drought continues to be felt as an increased numbers of households across the region are facing significant food and livelihood protection gaps from June to September. Significant number of households in affected parts of Zimbabwe, Malawi, Mozambique, Madagascar, Lesotho, and Swaziland continue to experience Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes. Between October and January, these outcomes are expected to deteriorate even further as food prices peak and supplies become scarce during the peak lean season.
Most households in Southern Africa depend on maize as their main source of food and energy, given the high volumes and ease with which it is produced. Alternative food crops that are consumed as substitutes include rice, wheat, sorghum, millet, and tubers such as cassava and potatoes. Consumption of these substitutes occurs mainly when maize is not available or among those households in areas where such substitutes are more easily available (for example, cassava in northern Mozambique).
Maize grain and maize meal are the most important food commodities and indicators of food security in Zambia. All of the markets represented — with the exception of Kitwe — are in provincial centers and thus provide a geographic representation.
Chipata and Choma are both areas of high maize production, while Mansa and Mongu are indicative of low production areas. Kabwe,
Kitwe, and Lusaka are all urban areas where demand for these commodities is high. Solwezi is a new mining town with an increasing demand for food commodities.
Minimal food insecurity outcomes to continue in most parts of the country
Minimal (IPC Phase 1) acute food insecurity outcomes will continue from July to January for most parts of the country due to increased household food supplies from the recent harvest.
- 17 million people will likely experience Crisis levels of food insecurity from January–March 2017, FEWS NET reports
- ZimVAC estimates more than 40 percent of Zimbabwe’s rural population faces food insecurity
- USAID contributes an additional $127 million for drought response activities in the region
- Approximately 18.3 million people in acutely drought-affected areas of Southern Africa will require emergency assistance between June 2016 and March 2017, according to the Southern Africa Development …
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JANUARY 2017
The Annual Report meets DFID’s obligation to report on its activities and progress under the International Development (Reporting and Transparency) Act 2006. It includes information on DFID’s results achieved, spending, performance and efficiency.
In West Africa, market availability was good in May with supplies from above-average 2015/16 regional harvests, and international rice and wheat imports. Markets remained disrupted throughout the Lake Chad Basin and in parts of Central and Northern Mali. The recent depreciation of the Naira has led to price increases across Nigeria and reduced purchasing power for livestock purchases in the Sahel (Page 3).
Average national maize production attained despite experiencing unfavorable rainfall
Zambia attained average 2015/16 maize production despite a late start of the season and erratic rainfall. The estimated maize production is 2.87 million MT against the national requirement of 2.9 million MT. Average production was also attained for sorghum, millet, and groundnuts.