- Zambia: Cholera Outbreak - Oct 2017
- Southern Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Jan 2017
- Zambia: Cholera Outbreak - Feb 2016
- Southern Africa: Food Insecurity - 2015-2017
- Southern Africa: Floods - Jan 2015
- Zambia: Floods - Jan 2013
- Southern Africa: Floods - Jan 2011
- Southern Africa: Floods - Mar 2010
- Influenza A (H1N1) Pandemic - Apr 2009
- Southern Africa: Floods - Dec 2008
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This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 46 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
Plague in Madagascar
Marburg virus disease in Uganda
Cholera in Tanzania
Cholera in north-east Nigeria
Necrotizing cellulitis/fasciitis in São Tomé and Príncipe
Humanitarian crisis in South Sudan.
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 44 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
Wildlife anthrax in Namibia
Cholera in Zambia
Plague in Madagascar
Dengue fever in Burkina Faso
Humanitarian crisis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Humanitarian crisis in South Sudan.
NOVEMBER 2016 – JANUARY 2017 RAINFALL
The southern half of conti-nental SADC region has re-ceived normal to above-normal rainfall in the current rainfall season.
The northern and eastern parts of contiguous SADC are still under normal to below-normal rainfall conditions.
Above-normal rainfall was experienced over Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, south Zambia, Zimbabwe, northern South Africa, central and southern Mozambique and Swaziland.
OCTOBER – DECEMBER 2016 RAINFALL HIGHLIGHTS
Since late November, the southern African summer monsoon has continued to be dominated by a dipole pattern: with suppressed rainfall in the northeastern parts of the region and Island of Madagascar, and enhanced rainfall in the southern parts of contiguous SADC.
Some significant above-normal rainfalls conditions were observed last past 30 days, across portions of northwestern DRC, west and south of Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe and south Mozambique.
SEPTEMBER– NOVEMBER 2016 RAINFALL HIGHLIGHTS
The season started slowly in some areas.
During September to November, wetter than normal areas spread over the central and western Angola, eastern Botswana, north-eastern South Africa, northern Namibia, Lesotho and Swaziland.
Seasonally average conditions occurred across north -western DRC, north and west of Tanzania, Madagascar and south Mozambique.
DJF2016/17 RAINFALL UPDATE OUTLOOK SUMMARY
Over the past 10 years the SADC region has experienced 545 disaster events which affected approximately 39 million people and resulted in 5,300 deaths (EMDAT). The highest number of disaster events occurred in 2006/2007 and 2011, with fewer disaster events during the last 3 years.
Droughts and floods affected the highest number of people. The largest number of people were affected in Malawi, Zimbabwe and Tanzania respectively, with the most people affected during 2005 and 2007.
The 2014/2015 Southern African rainfall season, which stretches from October to May , saw severe floods in the east of the region. The remainder of the region experienced poor rains that were late to arrive and irregular.
Malawi, Mozambique and Madagascar were hit by multiple floods between December 2014 and April 2015 (accounting for 97% of all flood affected people) . A total of 10 tropical storm systems were monitored during the season, with tropical storms Chedza and Fundi affecting Madagascar in early 2015.
A. REGIONAL UPDATE
Consistent heavy rains caused fatalities, flooding, and landslides in Madagascar.
A slow start to the rainy season observed in southwestern Ethiopia.
Above-average rains were observed across saturated areas in Madagascar and northern Mozambique.
Dryness deepens across Angola, Namibia, Botswana, South Africa and coastal Tanzania.
Tropical Storm Fundi brought torrential rains to Madagascar.
Below-average rains deepen rainfall deficits in Angola and Namibia.
The benefits of strengthening disaster preparedness are cost effectiveness and the delivery of effective humanitarian response.
Countries in the region have varying levels of preparedness.
Mozambique and Madagascar are most exposed to tropical cyclones.
SITUATION OVERVIEW: MALNUTRITION
Malnutrition levels, particularly stunting levels, in the southern Africa region are very high, as is reflected in child nutritional status. All the countries in the region have stunting levels that are of concern, above the 20% World Health Organization (WHO) threshold for stunting.
During the 2013/2014 rainfall season (October 2013 - May 2014), severe weather events caused flooding in several Southern African countries, with almost all affected by some level of flooding. Nine tropical cyclones were recorded during the season, compared to the seasonal average of ten, of which three made landfall: Hellen, Amara and Deliwe. A total of 383,256 people were affected and 117 deaths reported. 195,000 USD was issued in the form of OCHA emergency cash grants to assist in response activities.
The Desert Locust (SGR1) situation remained active in February in the central outbreak region on the Red Sea coasts and the Horn of Africa. Aerial and/or ground control treated hoppers and swarms on some 50,000 ha in Saudi Arabia, Eritrea, Sudan, Yemen and northern Somalia. Other countries in the region remained calm during this month (DLCO-EA2 , DLMCC/Yemen, FAO-DLIS,
The 2012/13 rainfall season was erratic, with torrential rainfall early in the season followed by dry conditions over parts of the region.
Insufficient rains and droughtlike conditions in the west and south-west of the region led to a poor agricultural season and death of livestock, resulting in heightened food insecurity.
Armyworm and red locust outbreaks in Southern Africa, although largely contained, may lead to secondary outbreaks this year.
Despite some incidences of violence and voting irregularities, both SADC and EU have declared the presidential elections of 25 October free and fair.
Mozambique: Mozambique's former rebel group RENAMO (Mozambican National Resistance) has denied responsibility for an armed attack on the country's main highway on 26 October which killed 1 person and injured 10 amid tensions with the FRELIMO (Mozambique Liberation Front) led Government.
Madagascar: The Presidential elections are scheduled to take place this week on 25 October. It is hoped that these elections will break the political impasse that has affected the country since 2009, but there are also concerns that the elections could trigger unrest.
Mozambique: According to media reports, 2 RENAMO (Mozambican National Resistance) soldiers were killed on 17 October in confrontations with the Mozambican Army near the Renamo leader’s headquarters.