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25 Mar 2017 description

Despite an increase in rainfall, long-term moisture deficits remain in Madagascar

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Below-average and erratic rainfall since December has resulted in strong moisture deficits and low soil moisture across parts of northeastern Mozambique.

  2. Despite a robust increase in rainfall following the passage of Tropical Cyclone Enawo during early March, considerable long-term moisture deficits remain due to well below-average rainfall earlier in the season throughout the northern Madagascar.

23 Mar 2017 description

Crisis Impact

Outbreaks of Fall Armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda, have been reported in DRC, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Botswana, South Africa, Namibia, Swaziland, Ghana and Kenya. Regionally, around 330,000 hectares of staple crops, especially maize, have been affected. The remaining southern African mainland countries remain at high risk (OCHA 27/02/2017).

23 Mar 2017 description

Key messages

  • Since early 2015, the Southern Africa and Indian Ocean region has faced widespread food shortages owing to the worst drought in 35 years which was exacerbated by the El Niño weather phenomenon. Two consecutive failed rainy seasons have left 13.8 million people in need of emergency food assistance.

22 Mar 2017 description

Key Messages

  • Good performance of the current growing season (Oct 2016 – April 2017) is critical for Southern Africa, after suffering from two consecutive droughts induced by a long lasting El Niño event which led to unprecedented levels of food insecurity.

18 Mar 2017 description

Large rainfall surpluses remain across broad areas of Southern Africa

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Since late December, enhanced seasonal rainfall has resulted in large moisture surpluses and several floods. The risk of additional flooding remains high throughout Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, and southwestern Tanzania.

  2. Below-average and erratic rainfall since December has resulted in strong moisture deficits, low soil moisture, and poor crop prospects across parts of northeastern Mozambique.

16 Mar 2017 description

Overview

A severe drought, associated with the El Niño phenomena, resulted in a humanitarian emergency in which an estimated 40 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. Vulnerability assessments and analysis indicated that 23 million required immediate humanitarian assistance, as of June 2016.

In response to this, the Southern African Development Community launched a regional humanitarian appeal for $2.4 billion to support the needs of the affected population in the affected Member States.

15 Mar 2017 description

Highlights

  • Maize prices continued to increase in January in most countries in the region. The upward pressure is likely to be due to the peak of the lean season. Overall, maize prices will remain above their average price trend at least until the next harvest. Malawi and Mozambique have the highest number of Maize markets in ALPS Crisis at 71 percent and 100 percent respectively.

02 Mar 2017 description

OVERVIEW

• Many countries across the African continent face recurrent complex emergencies, frequent food insecurity, cyclical drought, and sudden-onset disasters such as earthquakes, floods, and storms. In FY 2016, as in previous years, USAID/OFDA not only responded to urgent needs resulting from disasters, but also supported DRR programs that built resilience and improved emergency preparedness, mitigation, and response capacity at local, national, and regional levels.

21 Feb 2017 description

Highlights

  • Southern and central areas continued to receive well above average rains in January

  • Poor rainfall was received in western and north-eastern SADC and Madagascar

  • The Fall Armyworm has been confirmed in 7 countries in the region. The severity of the impact on regional crop production is yet to be established

  • Tropical cyclones Carlos and Dineo affected the region in early to mid-February. The impacts of Cyclone Dineo are severe, particularly in southern Mozambique

20 Feb 2017 description

HIGHLIGHTS

• Good performance of the current growing season (October 2016 - April 2017) is badly needed for Southern Africa after two consecutive El Nino induced droughts that led to unprecedented levels of food insecurity.

• The growing season is now well established with favourable growing condition observed in most of Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and NE South Africa. However, excessive rains have led to instances of localized flooding and higher incidence of pests and diseases.

20 Feb 2017 description

Highlights

NOVEMBER 2016 – JANUARY 2017 RAINFALL

  • The southern half of conti-nental SADC region has re-ceived normal to above-normal rainfall in the current rainfall season.

  • The northern and eastern parts of contiguous SADC are still under normal to below-normal rainfall conditions.

  • Above-normal rainfall was experienced over Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, south Zambia, Zimbabwe, northern South Africa, central and southern Mozambique and Swaziland.

15 Feb 2017 description

Highlights

  • Maize prices continued to increase in December in most countries in the region. The upward pressure is likely due to the peak of the lean season. Overall, maize prices are very likely to remain above their average price trend at least until the next harvest. The two countries in the region with the maximum monitored maize market in ALPS Crisis were Malawi and (89% of its markets) and Mozambique (100% of its markets).

10 Feb 2017 description

Heavy rainfall was widespread across much of southern Africa

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Since December, increased locust numbers and breeding have been reported in western Mauritania, Western Sahara, and northeastern Sudan according to the Food and Agriculture Organization.

02 Feb 2017 description
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El Nino 2015-2016 - Screenshot of the interactive content as of 02 Feb 2017.
file preview
Disaster associated with El Nino in 1997-1998, 2002-2003 or 2009-2010 - Screenshot of the interactive content as of 02 Feb 2017.

The impact of the 2015‒2016 El Niño weather phenomenon has been one of the most intense and widespread in the past one hundred years. The agriculture, food security and nutritional status of 60 million people around the globe is affected by El Niño-related droughtsfloods and **extreme hot** and **cold weather**.

19 Jan 2017 description

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Since December, increased locust numbers and breeding have been reported in western Mauritania, Western Sahara, and northeastern Sudan according to the Food and Agriculture Organization.

  2. Below-average and erratic rainfall over the past several weeks has sustained moisture deficits and resulted in degraded ground conditions across many parts of Uganda, Kenya, bimodal and unimodal areas of Tanzania, northern Malawi, and northern Mozambique.

14 Jan 2017 description

Highlights

  • Rains improved in many areas that were affected by severe drought last season

  • Poor rains have been received in Tanzania and parts of Madagascar, with likely impacts on crop production in affected areas

  • An armyworm outbreak has affected the region, with reports of outbreaks in Zambia,
    Zimbabwe and Malawi. The outbreak in Zambia is particularly severe

Regional Summary