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General Assembly resolution 46/182 has provided the framework for emergency relief for almost two decades. 46/182 was a comprehensive resolution that broadly addressed how to strengthen the coordination of the humanitarian system. It also laid down the principles and framework for humanitarian assistance, which continue to guide the work of the humanitarian system.
Destabilizing and illicit flows of small
arms and light weapons, cocaine, tobacco and valuable raw materials fuel
the war economies that have devastated much of Africa in recent decades.
This Policy Paper unequivocally establishes the role of air transport across
the full spectrum of these commodity flows. It also demonstrates the extent
to which air transport actors named in United Nations and other arms traffickingrelated
reports have become enmeshed in humanitarian aid, peace support, stability
operations and defence logistics supply chains.
This report is primarily an account of the ICRC's work in the field and its activities to promote international humanitarian law. Mention is made of some of the negotiations entered into with a view to bringing protection and assistance to the victims of international and non-international armed confl icts and other situations of violence. Other negotiations are not mentioned, since the ICRC feels that any publicity would not be in the interests of the victims.
USAID's OIG was established on December 16, 1980, by statutory amendment to the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.(1) On December 29, 1981, the President signed the International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1981,(2) bringing the USAID Inspector General under the purview of the Inspector General Act of 1978.(3) OIG assumed audit and investigative oversight of USADF and IAF in 1999,(4) and MCC in 2004.(5)
The Inspector General Act of 1978, as amended, authorizes the Inspector General to conduct and supervise audits and investigations.