Most read reports
- Pneumonia to kill nearly 11 million children by 2030
- IOM Releases Redesigned, Now Customizable Mobile App ‘MigApp’ in 4 New Languages
- IOM Launches ‘Holding On’ Campaign: A Virtual Reality Experience of Internal Displacement
02 October 2018: In Ouro-Aou village, Est region, a primary school was ransacked by Islamic State militants. No further details specified. Source: ACLED
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Security Incidents and Access Constraints
05 October 2018: In Tole region, Fako department, soldiers entered an IDP camp and began shooting, leaving three civilians dead. No further information specified. Source: ACLED
Central African Republic
31 October 2018: In Batangafo town, Ouham prefecture, clashes between unidentified armed groups led to three IDP camps being set on fire, leaving around 27,000 persons without a home. Sources:
RJDH, MSF and ACLED
The benefits of winning elections, and the disadvantages of losing them, must be reduced to avoid the violence that a winner-takes-all situation can trigger. Election observers should pay more attention to subtle forms of violence, intra-party tensions and incumbents playing the security card to justify increased use of force. This policy note considers how to curb the increase of violence in African elections.
Threats and violence affecting emergency care
06 October 2018: In Mthatha town, King Sabata Dalindyebo municipality, two unidentified gunmen hijacked an ambulance with a driver still in it parked outside the Libode Clinic. Hours later, the police found the driver tied up in a forest and the ambulance abandoned nearby. Source:
Ghazni’s Malistan and Jaghori districts home to mainly Hazaras, an ethnic Shi’ite minority, are under siege. Over 5,600 people have left the area since fighting escalated on 7 November. There are grave protection concerns for the remaining population.
Access to the highly contested province is constrained, hampering humanitarian assistance and movement of people trying to flee violence.
Criticism of the government’s response sparked protests in Kabul; a nearby suicide bomb killed at least 6 people.
Amanda Glassman, Brin Datema and Amanda McClelland
The world is not prepared for the next pandemic
To date, more than 80 countries have undertaken a joint external evaluation (JEE) assessing their national capacity to prevent, detect, and respond to epidemics and pandemics in the years following the 2014–2016 West African Ebola crisis. From these JEE assessments, more than 6,000 critical capacity gaps have been identified, but there remains no systematic financing to address them.
by JC Gaillard and Ilan Kelman
Inclusive warning systems
Warning systems for hazards used to be assumed to be top-down: supply technology, data and messages, and then connect to the people affected as the ‘last mile’ of the warning system. Yet lessons from past decades+ alongside recent work+ explain why bringing in affected people last creates problems. Instead, warning systems need to be inclusive from the beginning.
This report is the latest release by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) on the economic impact of violence and conflict to the global economy. It provides an empirical basis for understanding the economic benefits resulting from improvements in peace. Estimates of the economic impact of violence are provided for 163 countries and independent territories, covering over 99.5 per cent of the global population.
WHY POSITIVE PEACE IS TRANSFORMATIONAL
Research carried out in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania on cross-scalar risk communication and disaster risk governance reveals that, while there is considerable potential for communities to measure and communicate risk and to prioritise actions, there is little scope for them to influence disaster risk governance at this point in time.
Armed secessionists have attacked Cameroon Development Company workers in an attempt to destabilise the company and the region ahead of Paul Biya's presidential inauguration.
Meanwhile, 79 children were kidnapped by armed secessionists from a boarding school in Bamenda, the largest incident of its kind since the anglophone crisis began in 2016.
Read more about Cameroon
Sarah Charles , Cindy Huang , Lauren Post and Kate Gough
Pauline Veron and Andrew Sherriff, ECDPM report, November 2018
What are the significant and recurrent factors that influence support to peacebuilding in Europe? And how will these impact the engagement of the peacebuilding community in the years to come?
This report on the changing nature of support to peacebuilding in Europe is the result of 1,5 years of research carried out by ECDPM.
There are over 25 million refugees in the world today and most of them—especially those in developing countries—do not have formal labor market access (LMA). That is, they do not have the right to work or own businesses. In this paper, we argue that granting refugees formal LMA has the potential to create substantial benefits for refugees and their hosts, including reduced vulnerability and higher incomes for refugees, improved labor market outcomes and higher incomes for natives, and positive fiscal effects for the host governments.
Charles Taylor in his work on interculturalism points out that in order to redefine nations that embrace diversity, we need a story. This paper aims to offer a particular story of refugee integration in the Netherlands through the example of De Voorkamer, a grassroots initiative located in Lombok, one of the most ethnically diverse neighbourhoods in the city of Utrecht. The initiative aims to enhance the integration of refugees and asylum seekers in ways that counter ‘bureaucratic processes of integration’.
Specific steps are needed for the African Union’s new Youth for Peace Africa Programme to work.
BY MUNEINAZVO KUJEKE
In many of the world’s most intransigent conflicts, women are mobilized to address the most urgent issues in their communities. Syrian women are negotiating humanitarian relief at the local level and are in the top ranks of the Syrian opposition negotiating team. Women in Central African Republic mediate between local armed groups. Former Central African Republic head of state Madame Catherine Samba-Panza co-chairs a senior level network of African women mediators.
This working paper reports on a workshop organised by the Food Studies Centre at SOAS, University of London and the Refugee Studies Centre at Oxford University, and held at SOAS. The workshop aimed to explore and debate how and why humanitarian and development nutrition came to be dominated by medical science, what the effects have been for aid agencies and beneficiaries, and how historical conditions have shaped humanitarian and development practices more broadly. Over the past century malnutrition has become increasingly medicalised.
By Jeremy Shoham, Carmel Dolan and Marie McGrath on 30 October 2018
ENN has returned from the Global Nutrition Cluster (GNC) annual meeting in Amman, Jordan, where it seemed that everyone was talking about the humanitarian development nexus as a means to ensure a continuum of care.