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20 Sep 2018 description

In all areas of academic or practical work related to disaster risk, climate change and development more generally, community and its adjunct community-based have become the default terminology when referring to the local level or working ‘with the people’. The terms are applied extensively to highlight what is believed to be a people-centred, participatory, or grassroot-level approach. Today, despite, or because of, its inherent ambiguity, ‘community’ tends to be used almost inflationarily.

19 Sep 2018 description

As the stalemate continues over a common set of rules on asylum within the European Union, “externalizing,” “offshoring,” “outsourcing” and, most recently, “regionalizing” asylum and migration management in non–European Union countries remain on the agenda. So does offshoring actually work? This brief takes a comparative look at offshoring asylum and migration management in Australia, Spain, Tunisia, and the United States, and lessons learned for the European Union.

19 Sep 2018 description
report Pew Research Center

BY PHILLIP CONNOR

Three years after a record 1.3 million migrants sought asylum in Europe, a majority of people in several European countries say they support taking in refugees who are fleeing violence and war, according to a Pew Research Center survey. However, most people in these countries disapprove of the way the European Union has dealt with the refugee issue.

18 Sep 2018 description

Weekly picks

Cameroon

Thousands of people are fleeing the anglophone regions by bus, fearing escalating violence ahead of the 7 October election. Local authorities are tightening border controls while secessionists try to block access to/from the region.

The anglophone crisis continues to raise protection concerns, as secessionists and armed forces increasingly target civilians, with 400 civilian fatalities recorded in the past year alone.

18 Sep 2018 description
report Insecurity Insight

Africa

Cameroon

10 August 2018: In Bamenda city, Mezam department, Northwest province, an ambulance belonging to the Bamenda Regional Hospital was shot at by either national military personnel or Ambazonian fighters, seriously wounding a nurse, and slightly injuring the driver. Source: Cameroon-Info

Côte d’Ivoire

18 Sep 2018 description

The impacts of climate change are increasingly viewed as global security risks, which will have far-reaching implications for both human and renewable natural systems. Most climate–conflict research has focused on East Africa and sub-Saharan Africa. This SIPRI Insights explores and summarizes the findings from a systematic literature review of climate–conflict research on South Asia and South East Asia.

17 Sep 2018 description

Executive Summary

In the past decade, counterterrorism measures have had an increasingly adverse impact on the provision of medical care and the conduct of principled humanitarian action in armed conflict settings. Whether inadvertently or not, they have impeded, and at times prevented, the provision of essential and lifesaving aid, often in violation of international humanitarian law (IHL).

14 Sep 2018 description

Executive summary

Tackling the problems of poverty, vulnerability and exclusion that persist in parts of the world that continue to be affected by violence or political insecurity is difficult for several reasons. For one, because of the complexity of the prevailing social, economic and political systems, solutions to chronic problems are far from obvious.
One response to this aspect of the challenge is adaptive programme design and management.

13 Sep 2018 description
report Insecurity Insight

Security Incidents and Access Constraints

Africa

Central African Republic

01 August 2018: In Alindao town, Basse-Kotto prefecture, unspecified assailants killed an aid worker from a local NGO. His motorcycle was found heavily burned nearby. No further details available. Source: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and AWSD

11 Sep 2018 description

The Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue (HD) has joined the Smart Peace consortium, a global group of specialist organisations which will develop an innovative four-year conflict resolution programme to address the challenges of building sustainable peace in some of the world’s most fragile and conflict-affected regions.

11 Sep 2018 description
report Insecurity Insight

Security Incidents and Access Constraints

Africa

Democratic Republic of the Congo

09 August 2018: In Rutshuru town, North Kivu province, militants from the Forces Démocratiques de Libération du Rwanda (FDLR) attacked a group from the Norwegian NGO Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), kidnapping six of the aid workers before releasing them again later the same day. Source: ACLED

Nigeria

09 Sep 2018 description
report Columbia University

THIS COMMON FORM OF GENDER DISCRIMINATION LEADS TO STRESS, DISCOMFORT, AND VIOLENCE

07 Sep 2018 description

BY CATHY WATSON

Exuding awesomeness but also vulnerability, youth are primed to spark restoration of Africa’s degrading landscapes

On 27-28 August, over 60 youth from a dozen African countries gathered at the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF). Aged 18-35, they ranged from students to farmers to leaders of NGOs, small start-ups and rural enterprises. But they shared one goal – getting “restoration ready”.

06 Sep 2018 description
report ALNAP

Would you like to better understand the context you’re operating in, but aren’t sure where to start?

‘What’s Missing? Adding Context to the Urban Response Toolbox’ is a new study from ALNAP, part of a broader research initiative exploring how humanitarian response can be more effective in complex urban areas. This resources sets out 8 simple steps, on how you can begin using context tools in humanitarian response, by drawing key findings from the study.

06 Sep 2018 description
report ALNAP

Recognition of the need for humanitarian response to be ‘context relevant’ has been increasing. It comes up in discussions on coordination, accountability, localisation, and effectiveness and is now broadly accepted as something humanitarian response should be striving towards. Despite this awareness, there is little clarity about what context relevance looks like or how to achieve it.

In order to explore whether ‘context tools’ can help improve humanitarians’ ability to think and act more effectively in urban environments, this paper asks the following questions: