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This report evaluates the impact of the natural disasters and extreme weather events that occurred worldwide during 2017 and provides an overview of global economic losses.
The accumulated knowledge and perceptions of communities 'at risk' are recognized as key elements in ameliorating or managing disaster risk at local level, particularly in places where much of the crucial information as well as the technical and economic resources for risk assessments are not otherwise available. The research behind this paper demonstrates that local community knowledge related to flooding can be systematically structured into spatial and non-spatial information compatible with a GIS (geo information systems) set-up.
The year 2008 was unremarkable from an insured natural catastrophe loss perspective. May's earthquake in China and September's Hurricane Ike brought the most coverage from the news media, but these events proved to be mere sideshows when compared to the capital stresses put upon insurers and reinsurers from the credit and liquidity crisis.
There are three basic approaches to assessing the impact of disaster and defining relief assistance requirements after a disaster: the damage done, the needs of the affected population or the rights which the survivors have to achieve life with dignity. Each approach has advantages in assessing post-disaster needs. Each approach overlaps with the other two, but each represents a different theoretical view of what should take place following a disaster.
The Checklist-Based Guide to Identifying Critical Environmental Considerations in Emergency Shelter Site Selection, Construction, Management and Decommissioning provides an easy-to-use tool to assess whether environmental issues have been appropriately addressed in emergency shelter efforts.
The Guidelines for Rapid Environmental
Impact in Disasters (REA) provide a means to define and prioritize potential
environmental impacts in disaster situations. The Guidelines is composed
of five main parts and ten supporting Annexes.
The main parts include an Introduction to the REA, and modules on Organization and Community Level Assessments, Consolidation and Analysis of assessment results and Green Review of Relief Procurement.
The Annexes include information sources, forms used in the assessment and information useful in managing the REA process.
With the commendable exception of the UNHCR, environmental issues have not been routinels included in emergency response assessments, planning and operations. This paper provides a summary of a collaborative project between the Benfield Greig Hazard Research Centre and CARE International to develop, test and disseminate a rapid environmental impact assessment (REA) process as best practice in emergency assessment, planning and response.
This paper provides a summary of some important recent thinking on sustainable livelihoods and vulnerability to disasters. In particular, it looks at the sustainable livelihoods (SL) framework currently being developed and promoted.