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This report is the latest release by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) on the economic impact of violence and conflict to the global economy. It provides an empirical basis for understanding the economic benefits resulting from improvements in peace. Estimates of the economic impact of violence are provided for 163 countries and independent territories, covering over 99.5 per cent of the global population.
WHY POSITIVE PEACE IS TRANSFORMATIONAL
For the second year in a row, the total number of global deaths caused by terrorism has declined. The reduction in deaths is encouraging, but 2016 was also the third deadliest year since 2000.
The last year has seen significant global challenges, including an unprecedented level of humanitarian need, rising inequality and exclusion, growing climate change impacts, and increasing threats to our shared security. Nevertheless, the international community has taken important steps in addressing these challenges by implementing the recent bold commitments to foster sustainable peace.
This research brief, produced by the Institute for Economics & Peace (IEP), presents new and ground-breaking approaches to forecasting and conceptualising the risk of conflict.
This report is the latest release by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) of its estimates of the economic impact of violence and conflict on the global economy. It provides an empirical basis to calculate the potential additional economic benefits from improvements in peace. Estimates of the economic impact of violence are provided for 163 countries and independent territories representing 99.5 per cent of the global economy and population.
‘Positive Peace 2016’ presents a compilation of IEP’s most advanced research to-date. The report investigates the eight domains of Positive Peace, why they are important, and how they work together to reduce levels of violence and improve resilience and peacefulness.
The updated report places special emphasis on the systemic nature of peace, societal development and resilience, collating IEP’s best work to date on systems thinking and Positive Peace and its ability to affect change at a country level. Here are some of the highlights:
The Global Peace Index Records a Historically Less Peaceful and More Unequal World
The 2016 Global Peace Index (GPI) shows the world became less peaceful in the last year, reinforcing the underlying trend of declining peace over the last decade. Results also show a growing global inequality in peace, with the most peaceful countries continuing to improve while the least peaceful are falling into greater violence and conflict.
Deaths from terrorism increased 80% last year to the highest level ever, with 32,658 people killed, compared to 18,111 in 2013.
Boko Haram and ISIL were jointly responsible for 51% of all claimed global fatalities in 2014. 78% of all deaths and 57% of all attacks occurred in just five countries: Afghanistan, Iraq, Nigeria, Pakistan and Syria.
Iraq continues to be the country most impacted by terrorism with 9,929 terrorist fatalities the highest ever recorded in a single country.
This report introduces new thinking and evidence about Positive Peace: the attitudes, institutions and structures which create and sustain peaceful societies.
Positive Peace is a transformational approach to achieving development, resilience and peace. It offers an alternative perspective to identify and measure long-term investments that create an optimum environment for human potential to flourish.